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SubjectRe: [PATCH v27 10/12] LRNG - add SP800-90B compliant health tests
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Hi,

On 1/9/20 12:34 AM, Stephan Müller wrote:
> ---
> drivers/char/lrng/Kconfig | 56 +++++
> drivers/char/lrng/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/char/lrng/lrng_health.c | 409 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 466 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 drivers/char/lrng/lrng_health.c
>
> diff --git a/drivers/char/lrng/Kconfig b/drivers/char/lrng/Kconfig
> index 10b7cbdb8c8e..7b2bb3da066c 100644
> --- a/drivers/char/lrng/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/char/lrng/Kconfig
> @@ -103,4 +103,60 @@ config LRNG_JENT
> time or at runtime with the lrng_base.jitterrng configuration
> variable.
>
> +config LRNG_HEALTH_TESTS
> + bool "Enable noise source online health tests"
> + help
> + The online health tests validate the noise source at
> + runtime for fatal errors. These tests include SP800-90B
> + compliant tests which are invoked if the system is booted
> + with fips=1. In case of fatal errors during active
> + SP800-90B tests, the issue is logged and the noise
> + data is discarded. These tests are required for full
> + compliance with SP800-90B.
> +
> + If unsure, say Y.
> +
> +config LRNG_RCT_BROKEN
> + bool "SP800-90B RCT with dangerous low cutoff value"
> + depends on LRNG_HEALTH_TESTS
> + depends on BROKEN
> + default n
> + help
> + This option enables a dangerously low SP800-90B repetitive
> + count test (RCT) cutoff value which makes it very likely
> + that the RCT is triggered to raise a self test failure.

self-test

> +
> + This option is ONLY intended for developers wanting to
> + test the effectiveness of the SP800-90B RCT health test.
> +
> + If unsure, say N.
> +
> +config LRNG_APT_BROKEN
> + bool "SP800-90B APT with dangerous low cutoff value"
> + depends on LRNG_HEALTH_TESTS
> + depends on BROKEN
> + default n
> + help
> + This option enables a dangerously low SP800-90B adaptive
> + proportion test (APT) cutoff value which makes it very
> + likely that the RCT is triggered to raise a self test

self-test

> + failure.
> +
> + This option is ONLY intended for developers wanting to
> + test the effectiveness of the SP800-90B APT health test.
> +
> + If unsure, say N.
> +
> +# Default taken from SP800-90B sec 4.4.1 - significance level 2^-30
> +config LRNG_RCT_CUTOFF
> + int
> + default 30 if !LRNG_RCT_BROKEN
> + default 1 if LRNG_RCT_BROKEN
> +
> +# Default taken from SP800-90B sec 4.4.2 - significance level 2^-30
> +config LRNG_APT_CUTOFF
> + int
> + default 325 if !LRNG_APT_BROKEN
> + default 32 if LRNG_APT_BROKEN
> +
> endif # LRNG

> diff --git a/drivers/char/lrng/lrng_health.c b/drivers/char/lrng/lrng_health.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..da8b42b96918
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/char/lrng/lrng_health.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,409 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 OR BSD-2-Clause
> +/*
> + * Linux Random Number Generator (LRNG) Health Testing
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2019 - 2020, Stephan Mueller <smueller@chronox.de>
> + */

[snip]

> +
> +/***************************************************************************
> + * SP800-90B Compliance
> + *
> + * If the Linux-RNG is booted into FIPS mode, the following interfaces
> + * provide an SP800-90B compliant noise source:
> + *
> + * * /dev/random
> + * * getrandom(2)
> + * * get_random_bytes when using it in conjunction with
> + * add_random_ready_callback
> + *
> + * All other interfaces, including /dev/urandom or get_random_bytes without
> + * the add_random_ready_callback cannot claim to use an SP800-90B compliant
> + * noise source.
> + ***************************************************************************/
> +
> +/**
> + * Perform SP800-90B startup testing
> + */

/** in the kernel sources means "this is the beginning of a kernel-doc comment block",
but this is not a kernel-doc comment block, so just use /* to begin the comment.

> +static inline void lrng_sp80090b_startup(struct lrng_health *health)
> +{
> + if (!health->sp80090b_startup_done &&
> + atomic_dec_and_test(&health->sp80090b_startup_blocks)) {
> + health->sp80090b_startup_done = true;
> + pr_info("SP800-90B startup health tests completed\n");
> + lrng_init_ops(0);
> +
> + /*
> + * Force a reseed of DRNGs to ensure they are seeded with
> + * entropy that passed the SP800-90B health tests.
> + * As the DRNG always will reseed before generating
> + * random numbers, it does not need a reseed trigger.
> + */
> + lrng_drng_force_reseed();
> + }
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * Handle failure of SP800-90B startup testing
> + */

ditto

> +static inline void lrng_sp80090b_startup_failure(struct lrng_health *health)
> +{
> + /* Reset of LRNG and its entropy - NOTE: we are in atomic context */
> + lrng_reset();
> +
> + /*
> + * Reset the SP800-90B startup test.
> + *
> + * NOTE SP800-90B section 4.3 bullet 4 does not specify what
> + * exactly is to be done in case of failure! Thus, we do what
> + * makes sense, i.e. restarting the health test and thus gating
> + * the output function of /dev/random and getrandom(2).
> + */
> + atomic_set(&health->sp80090b_startup_blocks,
> + LRNG_SP80090B_STARTUP_BLOCKS);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * Handle failure of SP800-90B runtime testing
> + */

ditto

> +static inline void lrng_sp80090b_runtime_failure(struct lrng_health *health)
> +{
> + lrng_sp80090b_startup_failure(health);
> + health->sp80090b_startup_done = false;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void lrng_sp80090b_failure(struct lrng_health *health)
> +{
> + if (health->sp80090b_startup_done) {
> + pr_err("SP800-90B runtime health test failure - invalidating "
> + "all existing entropy and initiate SP800-90B startup\n");
> + lrng_sp80090b_runtime_failure(health);
> + } else {
> + pr_err("SP800-90B startup test failure - resetting\n");
> + lrng_sp80090b_startup_failure(health);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * Is the SP800-90B startup testing complete?
> + *
> + * This function is called by the LRNG to determine whether to unblock
> + * a certain user interface. Therefore, only the potentially blocking
> + * user interfaces are considered SP800-90B compliant.
> + */

ditto.

> +bool lrng_sp80090b_startup_complete(void)
> +{
> + struct lrng_health *health = &lrng_health;
> +
> + return (lrng_sp80090b_health_enabled()) ? health->sp80090b_startup_done:
> + true;
> +}
> +
> +bool lrng_sp80090b_compliant(void)
> +{
> + struct lrng_health *health = &lrng_health;
> +
> + return lrng_sp80090b_health_enabled() && health->sp80090b_startup_done;
> +}
> +
> +/***************************************************************************
> + * Adaptive Proportion Test
> + *
> + * This test complies with SP800-90B section 4.4.2.
> + ***************************************************************************/
> +
> +/**
> + * Reset the APT counter
> + *
> + * @health [in] Reference to health state
> + */

ditto

> +static inline void lrng_apt_reset(struct lrng_health *health,
> + unsigned int time_masked)
> +{
> + struct lrng_apt *apt = &health->apt;
> +
> + pr_debug("APT value %d for base %d\n",
> + atomic_read(&apt->apt_count), atomic_read(&apt->apt_base));
> +
> + /* Reset APT */
> + atomic_set(&apt->apt_count, 0);
> + atomic_set(&apt->apt_base, time_masked);
> +}
> +
> +static inline void lrng_apt_restart(struct lrng_health *health)
> +{
> + struct lrng_apt *apt = &health->apt;
> +
> + atomic_set(&apt->apt_trigger, LRNG_APT_WINDOW_SIZE);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * Insert a new entropy event into APT
> + *
> + * This function does is void as it does not decide about the fate of a time
> + * stamp. An APT failure can only happen at the same time of a stuck test
> + * failure. Thus, the stuck failure will already decide how the time stamp
> + * is handled.
> + *
> + * @health [in] Reference to health state
> + * @now_time [in] Time stamp to process
> + */

ditto
or use complete kernel-doc notation.

> +static inline void lrng_apt_insert(struct lrng_health *health,
> + unsigned int now_time)
> +{
> + struct lrng_apt *apt = &health->apt;
> +
> + if (!lrng_sp80090b_health_requested())
> + return;
> +
> + now_time &= LRNG_APT_WORD_MASK;
> +
> + /* Initialization of APT */
> + if (!apt->apt_base_set) {
> + atomic_set(&apt->apt_base, now_time);
> + apt->apt_base_set = true;
> + return;
> + }
> +
> + if (now_time == (unsigned int)atomic_read(&apt->apt_base)) {
> + u32 apt_val = (u32)atomic_inc_return_relaxed(&apt->apt_count);
> +
> + if (apt_val >= CONFIG_LRNG_APT_CUTOFF)
> + lrng_sp80090b_failure(health);
> + }
> +
> + if (atomic_dec_and_test(&apt->apt_trigger)) {
> + lrng_apt_restart(health);
> + lrng_apt_reset(health, now_time);
> + lrng_sp80090b_startup(health);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +/***************************************************************************
> + * Repetition Count Test
> + *
> + * The LRNG uses an enhanced version of the Repetition Count Test
> + * (RCT) specified in SP800-90B section 4.4.1. Instead of counting identical
> + * back-to-back values, the input to the RCT is the counting of the stuck
> + * values while filling the entropy pool.
> + *
> + * The RCT is applied with an alpha of 2^-30 compliant to FIPS 140-2 IG 9.8.
> + *
> + * During the counting operation, the LRNG always calculates the RCT
> + * cut-off value of C. If that value exceeds the allowed cut-off value,
> + * the LRNG will invalidate all entropy for the entropy pool which implies
> + * that no data can be extracted from the entropy pool unless new entropy
> + * is received.
> + ***************************************************************************/
> +
> +/**
> + * Hot code path - Insert data for Repetition Count Test
> + *
> + * @health: Reference to health information
> + * @stuck: Decision of stuck test
> + */

ditto

> +static inline void lrng_rct(struct lrng_health *health, int stuck)
> +{
> + struct lrng_rct *rct = &health->rct;
> +
> + if (!lrng_sp80090b_health_requested())
> + return;
> +
> + if (stuck) {
> + u32 rct_count = atomic_add_return_relaxed(1, &rct->rct_count);
> +
> + pr_debug("RCT count: %u\n", rct_count);
> +
> + /*
> + * The cutoff value is based on the following consideration:
> + * alpha = 2^-30 as recommended in FIPS 140-2 IG 9.8.
> + * In addition, we imply an entropy value H of 1 bit as this
> + * is the minimum entropy required to provide full entropy.
> + *
> + * Note, rct_count (which equals to value B in the
> + * pseudo code of SP800-90B section 4.4.1) starts with zero.
> + * Hence we need to subtract one from the cutoff value as
> + * calculated following SP800-90B.
> + */
> + if (rct_count >= CONFIG_LRNG_RCT_CUTOFF) {
> + atomic_set(&rct->rct_count, 0);
> +
> + /*
> + * APT must start anew as we consider all previously
> + * recorded data to contain no entropy.
> + */
> + lrng_apt_restart(health);
> +
> + lrng_sp80090b_failure(health);
> + }
> + } else {
> + atomic_set(&rct->rct_count, 0);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +/***************************************************************************
> + * Stuck Test
> + *
> + * Checking the:
> + * 1st derivative of the event occurrence (time delta)
> + * 2nd derivative of the event occurrence (delta of time deltas)
> + * 3rd derivative of the event occurrence (delta of delta of time deltas)
> + *
> + * All values must always be non-zero. The stuck test is only valid disabled if
> + * high-resolution time stamps are identified after initialization.
> + ***************************************************************************/
> +
> +static inline u32 lrng_delta(u32 prev, u32 next)
> +{
> + /*
> + * Note that this (unsigned) subtraction does yield the correct value
> + * in the wraparound-case, i.e. when next < prev.
> + */
> + return (next - prev);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * Hot code path
> + *
> + * @health: Reference to health information
> + * @now: Event time
> + * @return: 0 event occurrence not stuck (good time stamp)
> + * != 0 event occurrence stuck (reject time stamp)
> + */

ditto

> +static inline int lrng_irq_stuck(struct lrng_stuck_test *stuck, u32 now_time)
> +{
> + u32 delta = lrng_delta(stuck->last_time, now_time);
> + u32 delta2 = lrng_delta(stuck->last_delta, delta);
> + u32 delta3 = lrng_delta(stuck->last_delta2, delta2);
> +
> + stuck->last_time = now_time;
> + stuck->last_delta = delta;
> + stuck->last_delta2 = delta2;
> +
> + if (!delta || !delta2 || !delta3)
> + return 1;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/***************************************************************************
> + * Health test interfaces
> + ***************************************************************************/
> +
> +/**
> + * Disable all health tests
> + */

ditto

> +void lrng_health_disable(void)
> +{
> + struct lrng_health *health = &lrng_health;
> +
> + health->health_test_enabled = false;
> +
> + if (lrng_sp80090b_health_requested())
> + pr_warn("SP800-90B compliance requested but the Linux RNG is "
> + "NOT SP800-90B compliant\n");
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * Hot code path - Perform health test on time stamp received from an event
> + *
> + * @now_time Time stap
> + */

ditto

> +enum lrng_health_res lrng_health_test(u32 now_time)
> +{


Thanks.
--
~Randy

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