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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH] mm: thp: grab the lock before manipulation defer list
On Wed 08-01-20 08:35:43, Wei Yang wrote:
> On Tue, Jan 07, 2020 at 09:38:08AM +0100, Michal Hocko wrote:
> >On Tue 07-01-20 09:22:41, Wei Yang wrote:
> >> On Mon, Jan 06, 2020 at 11:23:45AM +0100, Michal Hocko wrote:
> >> >On Fri 03-01-20 22:34:07, Wei Yang wrote:
> >> >> As all the other places, we grab the lock before manipulate the defer list.
> >> >> Current implementation may face a race condition.
> >> >
> >> >Please always make sure to describe the effect of the change. Why a racy
> >> >list_empty check matters?
> >> >
> >>
> >> Hmm... access the list without proper lock leads to many bad behaviors.
> >
> >My point is that the changelog should describe that bad behavior.
> >
> >> For example, if we grab the lock after checking list_empty, the page may
> >> already be removed from list in split_huge_page_list. And then list_del_init
> >> would trigger bug.
> >
> >And how does list_empty check under the lock guarantee that the page is
> >on the deferred list?
> Just one confusion, is this kind of description basic concept of concurrent
> programming? How detail level we need to describe the effect?

When I write changelogs for patches like this I usually describe, what
is the potential race - e.g.
path1 path2
check lock
# check might not hold anymore

and what is the effect of the race - e.g. a crash, data corruption,
pointless attempt for operation1 which fails with user visible effect
This helps reviewers and everybody reading the code in the future to
understand the locking scheme.

> To me, grab the lock before accessing the critical section is obvious.

It might be obvious but in many cases it is useful to minimize the
locking and do a potentially race check before the lock is taken if the
resulting operation can handle that.

> list_empty and list_del should be the critical section. And the
> lock should protect the whole critical section instead of part of it.

I am not disputing that. What I am trying to say is that the changelog
should described the problem in the first place.

Moreover, look at the code you are trying to fix. Sure extending the
locking seem straightforward but does it result in a correct code
though? See my question in the previous email. How do we know that the
page is actually enqued in a non-empty list?
Michal Hocko

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