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Subject[PATCH v4 1/9] x86/asm: add iosubmit_cmds512() based on MOVDIR64B CPU instruction
With the introduction of MOVDIR64B instruction, there is now an instruction
that can write 64 bytes of data atomically.

Quoting from Intel SDM:
"There is no atomicity guarantee provided for the 64-byte load operation
from source address, and processor implementations may use multiple
load operations to read the 64-bytes. The 64-byte direct-store issued
by MOVDIR64B guarantees 64-byte write-completion atomicity. This means
that the data arrives at the destination in a single undivided 64-byte
write transaction."

We have identified at least 3 different use cases for this instruction in
the format of func(dst, src, count):
1) Clear poison / Initialize MKTME memory
@dst is normal memory.
@src in normal memory. Does not increment. (Copy same line to all
@count (to clear/init multiple lines)
2) Submit command(s) to new devices
@dst is a special MMIO region for a device. Does not increment.
@src is normal memory. Increments.
@count usually is 1, but can be multiple.
3) Copy to iomem in big chunks
@dst is iomem and increments
@src in normal memory and increments
@count is number of chunks to copy

Add support for case #2 to support device that will accept commands via
this instruction. We provide a @count in order to submit a batch of
preprogrammed descriptors in virtually contiguous memory. This
allows the caller to submit multiple descriptors to a devices with a single
submission. The special device requires the entire 64bytes descriptor to
be written atomically and will accept MOVDIR64B instruction.

Signed-off-by: Dave Jiang <>
arch/x86/include/asm/io.h | 36 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 36 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/io.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/io.h
index 9997521fc5cd..e1aa17a468a8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/io.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/io.h
@@ -399,4 +399,40 @@ extern bool arch_memremap_can_ram_remap(resource_size_t offset,
extern bool phys_mem_access_encrypted(unsigned long phys_addr,
unsigned long size);

+ * iosubmit_cmds512 - copy data to single MMIO location, in 512-bit units
+ * @__dst: destination, in MMIO space (must be 512-bit aligned)
+ * @src: source
+ * @count: number of 512 bits quantities to submit
+ *
+ * Submit data from kernel space to MMIO space, in units of 512 bits at a
+ * time. Order of access is not guaranteed, nor is a memory barrier
+ * performed afterwards.
+ *
+ * Warning: Do not use this helper unless your driver has checked that the CPU
+ * instruction is supported on the platform.
+ */
+static inline void iosubmit_cmds512(void __iomem *__dst, const void *src,
+ size_t count)
+ /*
+ * Note that this isn't an "on-stack copy", just definition of "dst"
+ * as a pointer to 64-bytes of stuff that is going to be overwritten.
+ * In the MOVDIR64B case that may be needed as you can use the
+ * MOVDIR64B instruction to copy arbitrary memory around. This trick
+ * lets the compiler know how much gets clobbered.
+ */
+ volatile struct { char _[64]; } *dst = __dst;
+ const u8 *from = src;
+ const u8 *end = from + count * 64;
+ while (from < end) {
+ /* MOVDIR64B [rdx], rax */
+ asm volatile(".byte 0x66, 0x0f, 0x38, 0xf8, 0x02"
+ : "=m" (dst)
+ : "d" (from), "a" (dst));
+ from += 64;
+ }
#endif /* _ASM_X86_IO_H */
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