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SubjectRe: [PATCH v9 09/12] lib/vsprintf: Make use of fwnode API to obtain node names and separators
Hi Guenter,

On Thu, Jan 02, 2020 at 02:20:41PM -0800, Guenter Roeck wrote:
> Hi,
>
> On Thu, Oct 03, 2019 at 03:32:16PM +0300, Sakari Ailus wrote:
> > Instead of implementing our own means of discovering parent nodes, node
> > names or counting how many parents a node has, use the newly added
> > functions in the fwnode API to obtain that information.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Sakari Ailus <sakari.ailus@linux.intel.com>
> > Reviewed-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
> > Reviewed-by: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>
> > ---
>
> This patch results in a lockdep splat when running one of my qemu
> emulations. See below for log and bisect results. A complete log
> is available at
> https://kerneltests.org/builders/qemu-arm-master/builds/1408/steps/qemubuildcommand/logs/stdio
>
> Guenter

Thank you for reporting this.

I looked into the issue, and indeed I can conform the patch introduces this
as it takes the devtree_lock for printing the name of the fwnode. There is
however chance of a deadlock in practice as the code in mm/slub.c does not
deal with fwnodes (in which case acquiring devtree_lock could be possible),
maybe for other reasons as well. The patch however introduces an unpleasant
source of such warnings.

One approach to address this could be not allocating memory while holding
devtree_lock spinlock. That seems entirely feasible. But could also
releasing memory cause something to be printed, effectively causing the
same problem? The code in mm/slub.c is non-trivial, and I haven't checked
other allocators.

Perhaps a safest way to fix this could be returning to use dn->full_name
for printing node names, in which case the devtree_lock would no longer be
taken for printing names. The effect would be though that there would be
again one more user for the full_name field, information that can be
reconstructed from the node's parents.

>
> ---
> ======================================================
> WARNING: possible circular locking dependency detected
> 5.5.0-rc4-00066-g738d2902773e #1 Not tainted
> ------------------------------------------------------
> swapper/0/1 is trying to acquire lock:
> c1313b00 (logbuf_lock){-.-.}, at: vprintk_emit+0x68/0x2d4
>
> but task is already holding lock:
> ef030b90 (&(&n->list_lock)->rlock){..-.}, at: free_debug_processing+0x38/0x418
>
> which lock already depends on the new lock.
>
>
> the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:
>
> -> #2 (&(&n->list_lock)->rlock){..-.}:
> ___slab_alloc.constprop.23+0x12c/0x798
> __slab_alloc.constprop.22+0x44/0x70
> __kmalloc+0x384/0x41c
> of_populate_phandle_cache+0xcc/0x148
> of_core_init+0x8/0xbc
> driver_init+0x1c/0x2c
> kernel_init_freeable+0xac/0x1b4
> kernel_init+0x8/0x118
> ret_from_fork+0x14/0x20
> 0x0
>
> -> #1 (devtree_lock){....}:
> of_get_parent+0x18/0x34
> of_fwnode_get_parent+0x34/0x40
> fwnode_count_parents+0x28/0x58
> fwnode_full_name_string+0x18/0xa0
> device_node_string+0x490/0x4f0
> pointer+0x440/0x4d8
> vsnprintf+0x1bc/0x3d8
> vscnprintf+0xc/0x24
> vprintk_store+0x34/0x204
> vprintk_emit+0x94/0x2d4
> vprintk_default+0x20/0x28
> printk+0x30/0x54
> exynos4_pm_init_power_domain+0x220/0x258
> do_one_initcall+0x8c/0x440
> kernel_init_freeable+0x150/0x1b4
> kernel_init+0x8/0x118
> ret_from_fork+0x14/0x20
> 0x0
>
> -> #0 (logbuf_lock){-.-.}:
> lock_acquire+0xec/0x290
> _raw_spin_lock+0x38/0x48
> vprintk_emit+0x68/0x2d4
> vprintk_default+0x20/0x28
> printk+0x30/0x54
> unwind_frame+0x6a8/0x6fc
> walk_stackframe+0x2c/0x38
> __save_stack_trace+0x84/0x8c
> stack_trace_save+0x3c/0x5c
> set_track+0x40/0x9c
> free_debug_processing+0x1a4/0x418
> __slab_free+0x2d4/0x510
> kmem_cache_free+0x44c/0x49c
> rcu_core+0x348/0x994
> __do_softirq+0x164/0x668
> irq_exit+0x16c/0x170
> __handle_domain_irq+0x80/0xec
> gic_handle_irq+0x58/0x9c
> __irq_svc+0x70/0xb0
> raid6_neon8_gen_syndrome_real+0x264/0x39c
> raid6_neon8_gen_syndrome_real+0x264/0x39c
>
> other info that might help us debug this:
>
> Chain exists of:
> logbuf_lock --> devtree_lock --> &(&n->list_lock)->rlock
>
> Possible unsafe locking scenario:
>
> CPU0 CPU1
> ---- ----
> lock(&(&n->list_lock)->rlock);
> lock(devtree_lock);
> lock(&(&n->list_lock)->rlock);
> lock(logbuf_lock);
>
> *** DEADLOCK ***
>
> 2 locks held by swapper/0/1:
> #0: c131466c (rcu_callback){....}, at: rcu_core+0x304/0x994
> #1: ef030b90 (&(&n->list_lock)->rlock){..-.}, at: free_debug_processing+0x38/0x418
>
> stack backtrace:
> CPU: 1 PID: 1 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 5.5.0-rc4-00066-g738d2902773e #1
> Hardware name: SAMSUNG EXYNOS (Flattened Device Tree)
> [<c0113264>] (unwind_backtrace) from [<c010e448>] (show_stack+0x10/0x14)
> [<c010e448>] (show_stack) from [<c0c9b754>] (dump_stack+0xa4/0xd0)
> [<c0c9b754>] (dump_stack) from [<c018cbd8>] (check_noncircular+0x258/0x274)
> [<c018cbd8>] (check_noncircular) from [<c019043c>] (__lock_acquire+0x1870/0x2860)
> [<c019043c>] (__lock_acquire) from [<c018e088>] (lock_acquire+0xec/0x290)
> [<c018e088>] (lock_acquire) from [<c0cbf278>] (_raw_spin_lock+0x38/0x48)
> [<c0cbf278>] (_raw_spin_lock) from [<c01a1f84>] (vprintk_emit+0x68/0x2d4)
> [<c01a1f84>] (vprintk_emit) from [<c01a2210>] (vprintk_default+0x20/0x28)
> [<c01a2210>] (vprintk_default) from [<c01a2844>] (printk+0x30/0x54)
> [<c01a2844>] (printk) from [<c0113210>] (unwind_frame+0x6a8/0x6fc)
> [<c0113210>] (unwind_frame) from [<c010ddf0>] (walk_stackframe+0x2c/0x38)
> [<c010ddf0>] (walk_stackframe) from [<c010df54>] (__save_stack_trace+0x84/0x8c)
> [<c010df54>] (__save_stack_trace) from [<c01c2d40>] (stack_trace_save+0x3c/0x5c)
> [<c01c2d40>] (stack_trace_save) from [<c02ae258>] (set_track+0x40/0x9c)
> [<c02ae258>] (set_track) from [<c02b06a8>] (free_debug_processing+0x1a4/0x418)
> [<c02b06a8>] (free_debug_processing) from [<c02b0bf0>] (__slab_free+0x2d4/0x510)
> [<c02b0bf0>] (__slab_free) from [<c02b17ac>] (kmem_cache_free+0x44c/0x49c)
> [<c02b17ac>] (kmem_cache_free) from [<c01bd608>] (rcu_core+0x348/0x994)
> [<c01bd608>] (rcu_core) from [<c010230c>] (__do_softirq+0x164/0x668)
> [<c010230c>] (__do_softirq) from [<c0131310>] (irq_exit+0x16c/0x170)
> [<c0131310>] (irq_exit) from [<c01a3740>] (__handle_domain_irq+0x80/0xec)
> [<c01a3740>] (__handle_domain_irq) from [<c0630828>] (gic_handle_irq+0x58/0x9c)
> [<c0630828>] (gic_handle_irq) from [<c0101a70>] (__irq_svc+0x70/0xb0)
> Exception stack(0xef19bd30 to 0xef19bd78)
> bd20: c0d43e50 c0d43e60 ef19bebc c0d43e70
> bd40: c0d43e20 c0d43e10 00000400 00000430 00000440 00000450 00000460 00000470
> bd60: c0d43e40 ef19bd80 c0d43e30 c0625c00 20000013 ffffffff
> [<c0101a70>] (__irq_svc) from [<c0625c00>] (raid6_neon8_gen_syndrome_real+0x264/0x39c)
>
> ---
> Bisect:
>
> # bad: [738d2902773e30939a982c8df7a7f94293659810] Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/netdev/net
> # good: [219d54332a09e8d8741c1e1982f5eae56099de85] Linux 5.4
> git bisect start 'HEAD' 'v5.4'
> # bad: [8c39f71ee2019e77ee14f88b1321b2348db51820] Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/netdev/net
> git bisect bad 8c39f71ee2019e77ee14f88b1321b2348db51820
> # good: [3b397c7ccafe0624018cb09fc96729f8f6165573] Merge tag 'regmap-v5.5' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/broonie/regmap
> git bisect good 3b397c7ccafe0624018cb09fc96729f8f6165573
> # bad: [89d57dddd7d319ded00415790a0bb3c954b7e386] Merge tag 'media/v5.5-1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mchehab/linux-media
> git bisect bad 89d57dddd7d319ded00415790a0bb3c954b7e386
> # good: [9e7a03233e02afd3ee061e373355f34d7254f1e6] Merge tag 'pm-5.5-rc1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rafael/linux-pm
> git bisect good 9e7a03233e02afd3ee061e373355f34d7254f1e6
> # good: [09578eacaaa44149738267083ccc050990409f86] Merge tag 'asoc-v5.5-2' of https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/broonie/sound into for-linus
> git bisect good 09578eacaaa44149738267083ccc050990409f86
> # good: [1c7ae4a51298d52a21f63b2214657982036c7498] media: ad5820: Add support for of-autoload
> git bisect good 1c7ae4a51298d52a21f63b2214657982036c7498
> # good: [99cf8a7074c4ce3ff3685cd389f54e7bd4bbf510] media: dt-bindings: Fix building error for dt_binding_check
> git bisect good 99cf8a7074c4ce3ff3685cd389f54e7bd4bbf510
> # good: [782b59711e1561ee0da06bc478ca5e8249aa8d09] Merge branch 'acpi-mm'
> git bisect good 782b59711e1561ee0da06bc478ca5e8249aa8d09
> # good: [0ca40f41d795fd91811e44506bb73d0b9ca33bdd] Merge branch 'patchwork' into v4l_for_linus
> git bisect good 0ca40f41d795fd91811e44506bb73d0b9ca33bdd
> # bad: [a00351687f8a05773c1c57be80a5bbca68fa9ae8] software node: remove DEV_PROP_MAX
> git bisect bad a00351687f8a05773c1c57be80a5bbca68fa9ae8
> # good: [9af7706492f985867d070861fe39fee0fe41326f] lib/vsprintf: Remove support for %pF and %pf in favour of %pS and %ps
> git bisect good 9af7706492f985867d070861fe39fee0fe41326f
> # bad: [83abc5a77f3b028b8c845c39ce4053119e1de35b] lib/vsprintf: OF nodes are first and foremost, struct device_nodes
> git bisect bad 83abc5a77f3b028b8c845c39ce4053119e1de35b
> # bad: [a92eb7621b9fb2c28a588ce333d226f56fab6a85] lib/vsprintf: Make use of fwnode API to obtain node names and separators
> git bisect bad a92eb7621b9fb2c28a588ce333d226f56fab6a85
> # good: [1586c5ae2f9310235b5e70abe712c73fc32eb98f] lib/vsprintf: Add a note on re-using %pf or %pF
> git bisect good 1586c5ae2f9310235b5e70abe712c73fc32eb98f
> # first bad commit: [a92eb7621b9fb2c28a588ce333d226f56fab6a85] lib/vsprintf: Make use of fwnode API to obtain node names and separators

--
Kind regards,

Sakari Ailus

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