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SubjectRe: [PATCH v10 1/8] hugetlb_cgroup: Add hugetlb_cgroup reservation counter
On Tue, 14 Jan 2020, Mina Almasry wrote:

> These counters will track hugetlb reservations rather than hugetlb
> memory faulted in. This patch only adds the counter, following patches
> add the charging and uncharging of the counter.
>
> This is patch 1 of an 8 patch series.
>
> Problem:
> Currently tasks attempting to reserve more hugetlb memory than is available get
> a failure at mmap/shmget time. This is thanks to Hugetlbfs Reservations [1].
> However, if a task attempts to reserve hugetlb memory only more than its
> hugetlb_cgroup limit allows, the kernel will allow the mmap/shmget call,
> but will SIGBUS the task when it attempts to fault the memory in.
>
> We have users hitting their hugetlb_cgroup limits and thus we've been
> looking at this failure mode. We'd like to improve this behavior such that users
> violating the hugetlb_cgroup limits get an error on mmap/shmget time, rather
> than getting SIGBUS'd when they try to fault the excess memory in. This
> gives the user an opportunity to fallback more gracefully to
> non-hugetlbfs memory for example.
>
> The underlying problem is that today's hugetlb_cgroup accounting happens
> at hugetlb memory *fault* time, rather than at *reservation* time.
> Thus, enforcing the hugetlb_cgroup limit only happens at fault time, and
> the offending task gets SIGBUS'd.
>
> Proposed Solution:
> A new page counter named
> 'hugetlb.xMB.reservation_[limit|usage|max_usage]_in_bytes'. This counter has
> slightly different semantics than
> 'hugetlb.xMB.[limit|usage|max_usage]_in_bytes':
>

Changelog looks like it needs to be updated with the new resv naming.

> - While usage_in_bytes tracks all *faulted* hugetlb memory,
> reservation_usage_in_bytes tracks all *reserved* hugetlb memory and
> hugetlb memory faulted in without a prior reservation.
>
> - If a task attempts to reserve more memory than limit_in_bytes allows,
> the kernel will allow it to do so. But if a task attempts to reserve
> more memory than reservation_limit_in_bytes, the kernel will fail this
> reservation.
>
> This proposal is implemented in this patch series, with tests to verify
> functionality and show the usage.
>
> Alternatives considered:
> 1. A new cgroup, instead of only a new page_counter attached to
> the existing hugetlb_cgroup. Adding a new cgroup seemed like a lot of code
> duplication with hugetlb_cgroup. Keeping hugetlb related page counters under
> hugetlb_cgroup seemed cleaner as well.
>
> 2. Instead of adding a new counter, we considered adding a sysctl that modifies
> the behavior of hugetlb.xMB.[limit|usage]_in_bytes, to do accounting at
> reservation time rather than fault time. Adding a new page_counter seems
> better as userspace could, if it wants, choose to enforce different cgroups
> differently: one via limit_in_bytes, and another via
> reservation_limit_in_bytes. This could be very useful if you're
> transitioning how hugetlb memory is partitioned on your system one
> cgroup at a time, for example. Also, someone may find usage for both
> limit_in_bytes and reservation_limit_in_bytes concurrently, and this
> approach gives them the option to do so.
>
> Testing:
> - Added tests passing.
> - Used libhugetlbfs for regression testing.
>
> [1]: https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/vm/hugetlbfs_reserv.html
>
> Signed-off-by: Mina Almasry <almasrymina@google.com>
>
> ---
> Changes in v10:
> - Renamed reservation_* to resv.*
>
> ---
> include/linux/hugetlb.h | 4 +-
> mm/hugetlb_cgroup.c | 115 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
> 2 files changed, 104 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/hugetlb.h b/include/linux/hugetlb.h
> index 1e897e4168ac1..dea6143aa0685 100644
> --- a/include/linux/hugetlb.h
> +++ b/include/linux/hugetlb.h
> @@ -432,8 +432,8 @@ struct hstate {
> unsigned int surplus_huge_pages_node[MAX_NUMNODES];
> #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_HUGETLB
> /* cgroup control files */
> - struct cftype cgroup_files_dfl[5];
> - struct cftype cgroup_files_legacy[5];
> + struct cftype cgroup_files_dfl[7];
> + struct cftype cgroup_files_legacy[9];
> #endif
> char name[HSTATE_NAME_LEN];
> };
> diff --git a/mm/hugetlb_cgroup.c b/mm/hugetlb_cgroup.c
> index e434b05416c68..209f9b9604d34 100644
> --- a/mm/hugetlb_cgroup.c
> +++ b/mm/hugetlb_cgroup.c
> @@ -36,6 +36,11 @@ struct hugetlb_cgroup {
> */
> struct page_counter hugepage[HUGE_MAX_HSTATE];
>
> + /*
> + * the counter to account for hugepage reservations from hugetlb.
> + */
> + struct page_counter reserved_hugepage[HUGE_MAX_HSTATE];
> +
> atomic_long_t events[HUGE_MAX_HSTATE][HUGETLB_NR_MEMORY_EVENTS];
> atomic_long_t events_local[HUGE_MAX_HSTATE][HUGETLB_NR_MEMORY_EVENTS];
>
> @@ -55,6 +60,14 @@ struct hugetlb_cgroup {
>
> static struct hugetlb_cgroup *root_h_cgroup __read_mostly;
>
> +static inline struct page_counter *
> +hugetlb_cgroup_get_counter(struct hugetlb_cgroup *h_cg, int idx, bool reserved)
> +{
> + if (reserved)
> + return &h_cg->reserved_hugepage[idx];
> + return &h_cg->hugepage[idx];
> +}
> +
> static inline
> struct hugetlb_cgroup *hugetlb_cgroup_from_css(struct cgroup_subsys_state *s)
> {

Small nit: hugetlb_cgroup_get_counter(), to me, implies incrementing a
reference count, perhaps a better name would be in order. No strong
preference.

> @@ -295,28 +308,42 @@ void hugetlb_cgroup_uncharge_cgroup(int idx, unsigned long nr_pages,
>
> enum {
> RES_USAGE,
> + RES_RESERVATION_USAGE,
> RES_LIMIT,
> + RES_RESERVATION_LIMIT,
> RES_MAX_USAGE,
> + RES_RESERVATION_MAX_USAGE,
> RES_FAILCNT,
> + RES_RESERVATION_FAILCNT,
> };
>
> static u64 hugetlb_cgroup_read_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> struct cftype *cft)
> {
> struct page_counter *counter;
> + struct page_counter *reserved_counter;
> struct hugetlb_cgroup *h_cg = hugetlb_cgroup_from_css(css);
>
> counter = &h_cg->hugepage[MEMFILE_IDX(cft->private)];
> + reserved_counter = &h_cg->reserved_hugepage[MEMFILE_IDX(cft->private)];
>
> switch (MEMFILE_ATTR(cft->private)) {
> case RES_USAGE:
> return (u64)page_counter_read(counter) * PAGE_SIZE;
> + case RES_RESERVATION_USAGE:
> + return (u64)page_counter_read(reserved_counter) * PAGE_SIZE;
> case RES_LIMIT:
> return (u64)counter->max * PAGE_SIZE;
> + case RES_RESERVATION_LIMIT:
> + return (u64)reserved_counter->max * PAGE_SIZE;
> case RES_MAX_USAGE:
> return (u64)counter->watermark * PAGE_SIZE;
> + case RES_RESERVATION_MAX_USAGE:
> + return (u64)reserved_counter->watermark * PAGE_SIZE;
> case RES_FAILCNT:
> return counter->failcnt;
> + case RES_RESERVATION_FAILCNT:
> + return reserved_counter->failcnt;
> default:
> BUG();
> }
> @@ -338,10 +365,16 @@ static int hugetlb_cgroup_read_u64_max(struct seq_file *seq, void *v)
> 1 << huge_page_order(&hstates[idx]));
>
> switch (MEMFILE_ATTR(cft->private)) {
> + case RES_RESERVATION_USAGE:
> + counter = &h_cg->reserved_hugepage[idx];
> + /* Fall through. */
> case RES_USAGE:
> val = (u64)page_counter_read(counter);
> seq_printf(seq, "%llu\n", val * PAGE_SIZE);
> break;
> + case RES_RESERVATION_LIMIT:
> + counter = &h_cg->reserved_hugepage[idx];
> + /* Fall through. */
> case RES_LIMIT:
> val = (u64)counter->max;
> if (val == limit)
> @@ -365,6 +398,7 @@ static ssize_t hugetlb_cgroup_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of,
> int ret, idx;
> unsigned long nr_pages;
> struct hugetlb_cgroup *h_cg = hugetlb_cgroup_from_css(of_css(of));
> + bool reserved = false;
>
> if (hugetlb_cgroup_is_root(h_cg)) /* Can't set limit on root */
> return -EINVAL;
> @@ -378,9 +412,14 @@ static ssize_t hugetlb_cgroup_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of,
> nr_pages = round_down(nr_pages, 1 << huge_page_order(&hstates[idx]));
>
> switch (MEMFILE_ATTR(of_cft(of)->private)) {
> + case RES_RESERVATION_LIMIT:
> + reserved = true;
> + /* Fall through. */
> case RES_LIMIT:
> mutex_lock(&hugetlb_limit_mutex);
> - ret = page_counter_set_max(&h_cg->hugepage[idx], nr_pages);
> + ret = page_counter_set_max(hugetlb_cgroup_get_counter(h_cg, idx,
> + reserved),
> + nr_pages);
> mutex_unlock(&hugetlb_limit_mutex);
> break;
> default:
> @@ -406,18 +445,26 @@ static ssize_t hugetlb_cgroup_reset(struct kernfs_open_file *of,
> char *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t off)
> {
> int ret = 0;
> - struct page_counter *counter;
> + struct page_counter *counter, *reserved_counter;
> struct hugetlb_cgroup *h_cg = hugetlb_cgroup_from_css(of_css(of));
>
> counter = &h_cg->hugepage[MEMFILE_IDX(of_cft(of)->private)];
> + reserved_counter =
> + &h_cg->reserved_hugepage[MEMFILE_IDX(of_cft(of)->private)];
>
> switch (MEMFILE_ATTR(of_cft(of)->private)) {
> case RES_MAX_USAGE:
> page_counter_reset_watermark(counter);
> break;
> + case RES_RESERVATION_MAX_USAGE:
> + page_counter_reset_watermark(reserved_counter);
> + break;
> case RES_FAILCNT:
> counter->failcnt = 0;
> break;
> + case RES_RESERVATION_FAILCNT:
> + reserved_counter->failcnt = 0;
> + break;
> default:
> ret = -EINVAL;
> break;
> @@ -472,7 +519,7 @@ static void __init __hugetlb_cgroup_file_dfl_init(int idx)
> struct hstate *h = &hstates[idx];
>
> /* format the size */
> - mem_fmt(buf, 32, huge_page_size(h));
> + mem_fmt(buf, sizeof(buf), huge_page_size(h));
>
> /* Add the limit file */
> cft = &h->cgroup_files_dfl[0];
> @@ -482,15 +529,30 @@ static void __init __hugetlb_cgroup_file_dfl_init(int idx)
> cft->write = hugetlb_cgroup_write_dfl;
> cft->flags = CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT;
>
> - /* Add the current usage file */
> + /* Add the reservation limit file */
> cft = &h->cgroup_files_dfl[1];
> + snprintf(cft->name, MAX_CFTYPE_NAME, "%s.resv.max", buf);
> + cft->private = MEMFILE_PRIVATE(idx, RES_RESERVATION_LIMIT);
> + cft->seq_show = hugetlb_cgroup_read_u64_max;
> + cft->write = hugetlb_cgroup_write_dfl;
> + cft->flags = CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT;
> +
> + /* Add the current usage file */
> + cft = &h->cgroup_files_dfl[2];
> snprintf(cft->name, MAX_CFTYPE_NAME, "%s.current", buf);
> cft->private = MEMFILE_PRIVATE(idx, RES_USAGE);
> cft->seq_show = hugetlb_cgroup_read_u64_max;
> cft->flags = CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT;
>
> + /* Add the current reservation usage file */
> + cft = &h->cgroup_files_dfl[3];
> + snprintf(cft->name, MAX_CFTYPE_NAME, "%s.resv.current", buf);
> + cft->private = MEMFILE_PRIVATE(idx, RES_RESERVATION_USAGE);
> + cft->seq_show = hugetlb_cgroup_read_u64_max;
> + cft->flags = CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT;
> +
> /* Add the events file */
> - cft = &h->cgroup_files_dfl[2];
> + cft = &h->cgroup_files_dfl[4];
> snprintf(cft->name, MAX_CFTYPE_NAME, "%s.events", buf);
> cft->private = MEMFILE_PRIVATE(idx, 0);
> cft->seq_show = hugetlb_events_show;

Any cleanup to __hugetlb_cgroup_file_dfl_init() and
__hugetlb_cgroup_file_legacy_init() that is possible would be great in a
follow-up patch :)

Other than that, this looks very straight forward.

Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>

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