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Subject[PATCH 1/1] mm: sysctl: add panic_on_inconsistent_mm sysctl
Date
Memory management subsystem performs various checks at runtime,
if an inconsistency is detected then such event is being logged and kernel
continues to run. While debugging such problems it is helpful to collect
memory dump as early as possible. Currently, there is no easy way to panic
kernel when such error is detected.

It was proposed[1] to panic the kernel if panic_on_oops is set but this
approach was not accepted. One of alternative proposals was introduction of
a new sysctl.

Add a new sysctl - panic_on_inconsistent_mm. If the sysctl is set then the
kernel will be crashed when an inconsistency is detected by memory
management. This currently means panic when bad page or bad PTE
is detected(this may be extended to other places in MM).

Another use case of this sysctl may be in security-wise environments,
it may be more desired to crash machine than continue to run with
potentially damaged data structures.

Changes since v1 [2]:
- rename the sysctl to panic_on_inconsistent_mm
- move the sysctl from kernel to vm table
- print modules in print_bad_pte() only before calling panic

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/1426495021-6408-1-git-send-email-borntraeger@de.ibm.com/
[2] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200127101100.92588-1-ghalat@redhat.com/

Signed-off-by: Grzegorz Halat <ghalat@redhat.com>
---
Documentation/admin-guide/sysctl/vm.rst | 14 ++++++++++++++
include/linux/kernel.h | 1 +
kernel/sysctl.c | 9 +++++++++
mm/memory.c | 8 ++++++++
mm/page_alloc.c | 4 +++-
5 files changed, 35 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/sysctl/vm.rst b/Documentation/admin-guide/sysctl/vm.rst
index 64aeee1009ca..57f7926a64b8 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/sysctl/vm.rst
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/sysctl/vm.rst
@@ -61,6 +61,7 @@ Currently, these files are in /proc/sys/vm:
- overcommit_memory
- overcommit_ratio
- page-cluster
+- panic_on_inconsistent_mm
- panic_on_oom
- percpu_pagelist_fraction
- stat_interval
@@ -741,6 +742,19 @@ extra faults and I/O delays for following faults if they would have been part of
that consecutive pages readahead would have brought in.


+panic_on_inconsistent_mm
+========================
+
+Controls the kernel's behaviour when inconsistency is detected
+by memory management code, for example bad page state or bad PTE.
+
+0: try to continue operation.
+
+1: panic immediately.
+
+The default value is 0.
+
+
panic_on_oom
============

diff --git a/include/linux/kernel.h b/include/linux/kernel.h
index 0d9db2a14f44..b3bd94c558ab 100644
--- a/include/linux/kernel.h
+++ b/include/linux/kernel.h
@@ -518,6 +518,7 @@ extern int oops_in_progress; /* If set, an oops, panic(), BUG() or die() is in
extern int panic_timeout;
extern unsigned long panic_print;
extern int panic_on_oops;
+extern int panic_on_inconsistent_mm;
extern int panic_on_unrecovered_nmi;
extern int panic_on_io_nmi;
extern int panic_on_warn;
diff --git a/kernel/sysctl.c b/kernel/sysctl.c
index 70665934d53e..a9733311e3a1 100644
--- a/kernel/sysctl.c
+++ b/kernel/sysctl.c
@@ -1303,6 +1303,15 @@ static struct ctl_table vm_table[] = {
.extra1 = SYSCTL_ZERO,
.extra2 = &two,
},
+ {
+ .procname = "panic_on_inconsistent_mm",
+ .data = &panic_on_inconsistent_mm,
+ .maxlen = sizeof(int),
+ .mode = 0644,
+ .proc_handler = proc_dointvec_minmax,
+ .extra1 = SYSCTL_ZERO,
+ .extra2 = SYSCTL_ONE,
+ },
{
.procname = "panic_on_oom",
.data = &sysctl_panic_on_oom,
diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
index 45442d9a4f52..b29a18077a6a 100644
--- a/mm/memory.c
+++ b/mm/memory.c
@@ -71,6 +71,7 @@
#include <linux/dax.h>
#include <linux/oom.h>
#include <linux/numa.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>

#include <trace/events/kmem.h>

@@ -88,6 +89,8 @@
#warning Unfortunate NUMA and NUMA Balancing config, growing page-frame for last_cpupid.
#endif

+int panic_on_inconsistent_mm __read_mostly;
+
#ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES
/* use the per-pgdat data instead for discontigmem - mbligh */
unsigned long max_mapnr;
@@ -543,6 +546,11 @@ static void print_bad_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
vma->vm_ops ? vma->vm_ops->fault : NULL,
vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_op->mmap : NULL,
mapping ? mapping->a_ops->readpage : NULL);
+
+ if (panic_on_inconsistent_mm) {
+ print_modules();
+ panic("Bad page map detected");
+ }
dump_stack();
add_taint(TAINT_BAD_PAGE, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE);
}
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index d047bf7d8fd4..a20cd3ece5ba 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -643,9 +643,11 @@ static void bad_page(struct page *page, const char *reason,
if (bad_flags)
pr_alert("bad because of flags: %#lx(%pGp)\n",
bad_flags, &bad_flags);
- dump_page_owner(page);

+ dump_page_owner(page);
print_modules();
+ if (panic_on_inconsistent_mm)
+ panic("Bad page state detected");
dump_stack();
out:
/* Leave bad fields for debug, except PageBuddy could make trouble */
--
2.21.1
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