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Subject[RFC v3 5/8] vfio/type1: Report 1st-level/stage-1 page table format to userspace
Date
From: Liu Yi L <yi.l.liu@intel.com>

VFIO exposes IOMMU nesting translation (a.k.a dual stage translation)
capability to userspace. Thus applications like QEMU could support
vIOMMU with hardware's nesting translation capability for pass-through
devices. Before setting up nesting translation for pass-through devices,
QEMU and other applications need to learn the supported 1st-lvl/stage-1
translation structure format like page table format.

Take vSVA (virtual Shared Virtual Addressing) as an example, to support
vSVA for pass-through devices, QEMU setup nesting translation for pass-
through devices. The guest page table are configured to host as 1st-lvl/
stage-1 page table. Therefore, guest format should be compatible with
host side.

This patch reports the supported 1st-lvl/stage-1 page table format on the
current platform to userspace. QEMU and other alike applications should
use this format info when trying to setup IOMMU nesting translation on
host IOMMU.

Cc: Kevin Tian <kevin.tian@intel.com>
CC: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
Cc: Eric Auger <eric.auger@redhat.com>
Cc: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Liu Yi L <yi.l.liu@intel.com>
---
drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 79 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/uapi/linux/vfio.h | 7 ++++
2 files changed, 86 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
index 1cf75f5..e0bbcfb 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
@@ -2243,6 +2243,81 @@ static int vfio_iommu_type1_pasid_free(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
return ret;
}

+static int vfio_iommu_get_pasid_format(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
+ u32 *pasid_format)
+{
+ struct vfio_domain *domain;
+ u32 format = 0, tmp_format = 0;
+ int ret;
+
+ mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
+ if (list_empty(&iommu->domain_list)) {
+ mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ list_for_each_entry(domain, &iommu->domain_list, next) {
+ if (iommu_domain_get_attr(domain->domain,
+ DOMAIN_ATTR_PASID_FORMAT, &format)) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ format = 0;
+ goto out_unlock;
+ }
+ /*
+ * format is always non-zero (the first format is
+ * IOMMU_PASID_FORMAT_INTEL_VTD which is 1). For
+ * the reason of potential different backed IOMMU
+ * formats, here we expect to have identical formats
+ * in the domain list, no miexed formats support.
+ * return -EINVAL to fail the attempt of setup
+ * VFIO_TYPE1_NESTING_IOMMU if non-identical formats
+ * are detected.
+ */
+ if (tmp_format && tmp_format != format) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ format = 0;
+ goto out_unlock;
+ }
+
+ tmp_format = format;
+ }
+ ret = 0;
+
+out_unlock:
+ if (format)
+ *pasid_format = format;
+ mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int vfio_iommu_info_add_nesting_cap(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
+ struct vfio_info_cap *caps)
+{
+ struct vfio_info_cap_header *header;
+ struct vfio_iommu_type1_info_cap_nesting *nesting_cap;
+ u32 format = 0;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = vfio_iommu_get_pasid_format(iommu, &format);
+ if (ret) {
+ pr_warn("Failed to get domain format\n");
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ header = vfio_info_cap_add(caps, sizeof(*nesting_cap) + sizeof(format),
+ VFIO_IOMMU_TYPE1_INFO_CAP_NESTING, 1);
+ if (IS_ERR(header))
+ return PTR_ERR(header);
+
+ nesting_cap = container_of(header,
+ struct vfio_iommu_type1_info_cap_nesting,
+ header);
+
+ nesting_cap->pasid_format = format;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
static int vfio_iommu_type1_set_pasid_quota(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
u32 quota)
{
@@ -2313,6 +2388,10 @@ static long vfio_iommu_type1_ioctl(void *iommu_data,
if (ret)
return ret;

+ ret = vfio_iommu_info_add_nesting_cap(iommu, &caps);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
if (caps.size) {
info.flags |= VFIO_IOMMU_INFO_CAPS;

diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
index 62113be..633c07f 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
@@ -748,6 +748,13 @@ struct vfio_iommu_type1_info_cap_iova_range {
struct vfio_iova_range iova_ranges[];
};

+#define VFIO_IOMMU_TYPE1_INFO_CAP_NESTING 2
+
+struct vfio_iommu_type1_info_cap_nesting {
+ struct vfio_info_cap_header header;
+ __u32 pasid_format;
+};
+
#define VFIO_IOMMU_GET_INFO _IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 12)

/**
--
2.7.4
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