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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 09/21] KVM: X86: Don't track dirty for KVM_SET_[TSS_ADDR|IDENTITY_MAP_ADDR]
On Tue, Jan 28, 2020 at 01:50:05PM +0800, Peter Xu wrote:
> On Tue, Jan 21, 2020 at 07:56:57AM -0800, Sean Christopherson wrote:
> > > diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> > > index c4d3972dcd14..ff97782b3919 100644
> > > --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> > > +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> > > @@ -9584,7 +9584,15 @@ void kvm_arch_sync_events(struct kvm *kvm)
> > > kvm_free_pit(kvm);
> > > }
> > >
> > > -int __x86_set_memory_region(struct kvm *kvm, int id, gpa_t gpa, u32 size)
> > > +/*
> > > + * If `uaddr' is specified, `*uaddr' will be returned with the
> > > + * userspace address that was just allocated. `uaddr' is only
> > > + * meaningful if the function returns zero, and `uaddr' will only be
> > > + * valid when with either the slots_lock or with the SRCU read lock
> > > + * held. After we release the lock, the returned `uaddr' will be invalid.
> >
> > This is all incorrect. Neither of those locks has any bearing on the
> > validity of the hva. slots_lock does as the name suggests and prevents
> > concurrent writes to the memslots. The SRCU lock ensures the implicit
> > memslots lookup in kvm_clear_guest_page() won't result in a use-after-free
> > due to derefencing old memslots.
> >
> > Neither of those has anything to do with the userspace address, they're
> > both fully tied to KVM's gfn->hva lookup. As Paolo pointed out, KVM's
> > mapping is instead tied to the lifecycle of the VM. Note, even *that* has
> > no bearing on the validity of the mapping or address as KVM only increments
> > mm_count, not mm_users, i.e. guarantees the mm struct itself won't be freed
> > but doesn't ensure the vmas or associated pages tables are valid.
> >
> > Which is the entire point of using __copy_{to,from}_user(), as they
> > gracefully handle the scenario where the process has not valid mapping
> > and/or translation for the address.
> Sorry I don't understand.
> I do think either the slots_lock or SRCU would protect at least the
> existing kvm.memslots, and if so at least the previous vm_mmap()
> return value should still be valid.

Nope. kvm->slots_lock only protects gfn->hva lookups, e.g. userspace can
munmap() the range at any time.

> I agree that __copy_to_user() will protect us from many cases from process
> mm pov (which allows page faults inside), but again if the kvm.memslots is
> changed underneath us then it's another story, IMHO, and that's why we need
> either the lock or SRCU.

No, again, slots_lock and SRCU only protect gfn->hva lookups.

> Or are you assuming that (1) __x86_set_memory_region() is only for the
> 3 private kvm memslots,

It's not an assumption, the entire purpose of __x86_set_memory_region()
is to provide support for private KVM memslots.

> and (2) currently the kvm private memory slots will never change after VM
> is created and before VM is destroyed?

No, I'm not assuming the private memslots are constant, e.g. the flow in
question, vmx_set_tss_addr() is directly tied to an unprotected ioctl().

KVM's sole responsible for vmx_set_tss_addr() is to not crash the kernel.
Userspace is responsible for ensuring it doesn't break its guests, e.g.
that multiple calls to KVM_SET_TSS_ADDR are properly serialized.

In the existing code, KVM ensures it doesn't crash by holding the SRCU lock
for the duration of init_rmode_tss() so that the gfn->hva lookups in
kvm_clear_guest_page() don't dereference a stale memslots array. In no way
does that ensure the validity of the resulting hva, e.g. multiple calls to
KVM_SET_TSS_ADDR would race to set vmx->tss_addr and so init_rmode_tss()
could be operating on a stale gpa.

Putting the onus on KVM to ensure atomicity is pointless because concurrent
calls to KVM_SET_TSS_ADDR would still race, i.e. the end value of
vmx->tss_addr would be non-deterministic. The intregrity of the underlying
TSS would be guaranteed, but that guarantee isn't part of KVM's ABI.

> If so, I agree with you. However I don't see why we need to restrict
> __x86_set_memory_region() with that assumption, after all taking a
> lock is not expensive in this slow path.

In what way would not holding slots_lock in vmx_set_tss_addr() restrict
__x86_set_memory_region()? Literally every other usage of
__x86_set_memory_region() holds slots_lock for the duration of creating
the private memslot, because in those flows, KVM *is* responsible for
ensuring correct ordering.

> Even if so, we'd better comment above __x86_set_memory_region() about this,
> so we know that we should not use __x86_set_memory_region() for future kvm
> internal memslots that are prone to change during VM's lifecycle (while
> currently it seems to be a very general interface).

There is no such restriction. Obviously such a flow would need to ensure
correctness, but hopefully that goes without saying.

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