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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] mm: Add MREMAP_DONTUNMAP to mremap().
Hi Brian,

On Fri, Jan 24, 2020 at 11:06:25AM -0800, Brian Geffon wrote:
> When remapping an anonymous, private mapping, if MREMAP_DONTUNMAP is
> set, the source mapping will not be removed. Instead it will be
> cleared as if a brand new anonymous, private mapping had been created
> atomically as part of the mremap() call. If a userfaultfd was watching
> the source, it will continue to watch the new mapping. For a mapping
> that is shared or not anonymous, MREMAP_DONTUNMAP will cause the
> mremap() call to fail. MREMAP_DONTUNMAP implies that MREMAP_FIXED is
> also used. The final result is two equally sized VMAs where the
> destination contains the PTEs of the source.
>
> We hope to use this in Chrome OS where with userfaultfd we could write
> an anonymous mapping to disk without having to STOP the process or worry
> about VMA permission changes.
>
> This feature also has a use case in Android, Lokesh Gidra has said
> that "As part of using userfaultfd for GC, We'll have to move the physical
> pages of the java heap to a separate location. For this purpose mremap
> will be used. Without the MREMAP_DONTUNMAP flag, when I mremap the java
> heap, its virtual mapping will be removed as well. Therefore, we'll
> require performing mmap immediately after. This is not only time consuming
> but also opens a time window where a native thread may call mmap and
> reserve the java heap's address range for its own usage. This flag
> solves the problem."
>
> Signed-off-by: Brian Geffon <bgeffon@google.com>
> ---
> include/uapi/linux/mman.h | 5 +++--
> mm/mremap.c | 37 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
> 2 files changed, 33 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/mman.h b/include/uapi/linux/mman.h
> index fc1a64c3447b..923cc162609c 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/mman.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/mman.h
> @@ -5,8 +5,9 @@
> #include <asm/mman.h>
> #include <asm-generic/hugetlb_encode.h>
>
> -#define MREMAP_MAYMOVE 1
> -#define MREMAP_FIXED 2
> +#define MREMAP_MAYMOVE 1
> +#define MREMAP_FIXED 2
> +#define MREMAP_DONTUNMAP 4
>
> #define OVERCOMMIT_GUESS 0
> #define OVERCOMMIT_ALWAYS 1
> diff --git a/mm/mremap.c b/mm/mremap.c
> index 122938dcec15..bf97c3eb538b 100644
> --- a/mm/mremap.c
> +++ b/mm/mremap.c
> @@ -318,8 +318,8 @@ unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> static unsigned long move_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> unsigned long old_addr, unsigned long old_len,
> unsigned long new_len, unsigned long new_addr,
> - bool *locked, struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx *uf,
> - struct list_head *uf_unmap)
> + bool *locked, unsigned long flags,
> + struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx *uf, struct list_head *uf_unmap)
> {
> struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
> struct vm_area_struct *new_vma;
> @@ -408,6 +408,13 @@ static unsigned long move_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP))
> untrack_pfn_moved(vma);
>
> + if (unlikely(!err && (flags & MREMAP_DONTUNMAP))) {
> + if (vm_flags & VM_ACCOUNT)
> + vma->vm_flags |= VM_ACCOUNT;
> +
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> if (do_munmap(mm, old_addr, old_len, uf_unmap) < 0) {
> /* OOM: unable to split vma, just get accounts right */
> vm_unacct_memory(excess >> PAGE_SHIFT);
> @@ -422,6 +429,7 @@ static unsigned long move_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> vma->vm_next->vm_flags |= VM_ACCOUNT;
> }
>
> +out:
> if (vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) {
> mm->locked_vm += new_len >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> *locked = true;
> @@ -497,7 +505,7 @@ static struct vm_area_struct *vma_to_resize(unsigned long addr,
>
> static unsigned long mremap_to(unsigned long addr, unsigned long old_len,
> unsigned long new_addr, unsigned long new_len, bool *locked,
> - struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx *uf,
> + unsigned long flags, struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx *uf,
> struct list_head *uf_unmap_early,
> struct list_head *uf_unmap)
> {
> @@ -545,6 +553,17 @@ static unsigned long mremap_to(unsigned long addr, unsigned long old_len,
> old_len = new_len;
> }
>
> + /*
> + * MREMAP_DONTUNMAP expands by old_len + (new_len - old_len), we will
> + * check that we can expand by old_len and vma_to_resize will handle
> + * the vma growing.
> + */
> + if (unlikely(flags & MREMAP_DONTUNMAP && !may_expand_vm(mm,
> + vma->vm_flags, old_len >> PAGE_SHIFT))) {

We received a Clang build report that vma is used uninitialized here
(they aren't being publicly sent to LKML due to GCC vs Clang
warning/error overlap):

https://groups.google.com/d/msg/clang-built-linux/gE5wRaeHdSI/xVA0MBQVEgAJ

Sure enough, vma is initialized first in the next block. Not sure if
this section should be moved below that initialization or if something
else should be done to resolve it but that dereference will obviously be
fatal.

Cheers,
Nathan

> + ret = -ENOMEM;
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> vma = vma_to_resize(addr, old_len, new_len, &charged);
> if (IS_ERR(vma)) {
> ret = PTR_ERR(vma);
> @@ -561,7 +580,7 @@ static unsigned long mremap_to(unsigned long addr, unsigned long old_len,
> if (IS_ERR_VALUE(ret))
> goto out1;
>
> - ret = move_vma(vma, addr, old_len, new_len, new_addr, locked, uf,
> + ret = move_vma(vma, addr, old_len, new_len, new_addr, locked, flags, uf,
> uf_unmap);
> if (!(offset_in_page(ret)))
> goto out;
> @@ -609,12 +628,15 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(mremap, unsigned long, addr, unsigned long, old_len,
> addr = untagged_addr(addr);
> new_addr = untagged_addr(new_addr);
>
> - if (flags & ~(MREMAP_FIXED | MREMAP_MAYMOVE))
> + if (flags & ~(MREMAP_FIXED | MREMAP_MAYMOVE | MREMAP_DONTUNMAP))
> return ret;
>
> if (flags & MREMAP_FIXED && !(flags & MREMAP_MAYMOVE))
> return ret;
>
> + if (flags & MREMAP_DONTUNMAP && !(flags & MREMAP_FIXED))
> + return ret;
> +
> if (offset_in_page(addr))
> return ret;
>
> @@ -634,7 +656,8 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(mremap, unsigned long, addr, unsigned long, old_len,
>
> if (flags & MREMAP_FIXED) {
> ret = mremap_to(addr, old_len, new_addr, new_len,
> - &locked, &uf, &uf_unmap_early, &uf_unmap);
> + &locked, flags, &uf, &uf_unmap_early,
> + &uf_unmap);
> goto out;
> }
>
> @@ -712,7 +735,7 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(mremap, unsigned long, addr, unsigned long, old_len,
> }
>
> ret = move_vma(vma, addr, old_len, new_len, new_addr,
> - &locked, &uf, &uf_unmap);
> + &locked, flags, &uf, &uf_unmap);
> }
> out:
> if (offset_in_page(ret)) {
> --
> 2.25.0.341.g760bfbb309-goog
>

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