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SubjectRe: [PATCH] mm/memory_hotplug: Fix remove_memory() lockdep splat
On Fri, Jan 10, 2020 at 1:10 AM David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com> wrote:
>
> On 10.01.20 05:30, Dan Williams wrote:
> > The daxctl unit test for the dax_kmem driver currently triggers the
> > lockdep splat below. It results from the fact that
> > remove_memory_block_devices() is invoked under the mem_hotplug_lock()
> > causing lockdep entanglements with cpu_hotplug_lock().
> >
> > The mem_hotplug_lock() is not needed to synchronize the memory block
> > device sysfs interface vs the page online state, that is already handled
> > by lock_device_hotplug(). Specifically lock_device_hotplug()
> > is sufficient to allow try_remove_memory() to check the offline
> > state of the memblocks and be assured that subsequent online attempts
> > will be blocked. The device_online() path checks mem->section_count
> > before allowing any state manipulations and mem->section_count is
> > cleared in remove_memory_block_devices().
> >
> > The add_memory() path does create memblock devices under the lock, but
> > there is no lockdep report on that path, so it is left alone for now.
> >
> > This change is only possible thanks to the recent change that refactored
> > memory block device removal out of arch_remove_memory() (commit
> > 4c4b7f9ba948 mm/memory_hotplug: remove memory block devices before
> > arch_remove_memory()).
> >
> > ======================================================
> > WARNING: possible circular locking dependency detected
> > 5.5.0-rc3+ #230 Tainted: G OE
> > ------------------------------------------------------
> > lt-daxctl/6459 is trying to acquire lock:
> > ffff99c7f0003510 (kn->count#241){++++}, at: kernfs_remove_by_name_ns+0x41/0x80
> >
> > but task is already holding lock:
> > ffffffffa76a5450 (mem_hotplug_lock.rw_sem){++++}, at: percpu_down_write+0x20/0xe0
> >
> > which lock already depends on the new lock.
> >
> >
> > the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:
> >
> > -> #2 (mem_hotplug_lock.rw_sem){++++}:
> > __lock_acquire+0x39c/0x790
> > lock_acquire+0xa2/0x1b0
> > get_online_mems+0x3e/0xb0
> > kmem_cache_create_usercopy+0x2e/0x260
> > kmem_cache_create+0x12/0x20
> > ptlock_cache_init+0x20/0x28
> > start_kernel+0x243/0x547
> > secondary_startup_64+0xb6/0xc0
> >
> > -> #1 (cpu_hotplug_lock.rw_sem){++++}:
> > __lock_acquire+0x39c/0x790
> > lock_acquire+0xa2/0x1b0
> > cpus_read_lock+0x3e/0xb0
> > online_pages+0x37/0x300
> > memory_subsys_online+0x17d/0x1c0
> > device_online+0x60/0x80
> > state_store+0x65/0xd0
> > kernfs_fop_write+0xcf/0x1c0
> > vfs_write+0xdb/0x1d0
> > ksys_write+0x65/0xe0
> > do_syscall_64+0x5c/0xa0
> > entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe
> >
> > -> #0 (kn->count#241){++++}:
> > check_prev_add+0x98/0xa40
> > validate_chain+0x576/0x860
> > __lock_acquire+0x39c/0x790
> > lock_acquire+0xa2/0x1b0
> > __kernfs_remove+0x25f/0x2e0
> > kernfs_remove_by_name_ns+0x41/0x80
> > remove_files.isra.0+0x30/0x70
> > sysfs_remove_group+0x3d/0x80
> > sysfs_remove_groups+0x29/0x40
> > device_remove_attrs+0x39/0x70
> > device_del+0x16a/0x3f0
> > device_unregister+0x16/0x60
> > remove_memory_block_devices+0x82/0xb0
> > try_remove_memory+0xb5/0x130
> > remove_memory+0x26/0x40
> > dev_dax_kmem_remove+0x44/0x6a [kmem]
> > device_release_driver_internal+0xe4/0x1c0
> > unbind_store+0xef/0x120
> > kernfs_fop_write+0xcf/0x1c0
> > vfs_write+0xdb/0x1d0
> > ksys_write+0x65/0xe0
> > do_syscall_64+0x5c/0xa0
> > entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe
> >
> > other info that might help us debug this:
> >
> > Chain exists of:
> > kn->count#241 --> cpu_hotplug_lock.rw_sem --> mem_hotplug_lock.rw_sem
> >
> > Possible unsafe locking scenario:
> >
> > CPU0 CPU1
> > ---- ----
> > lock(mem_hotplug_lock.rw_sem);
> > lock(cpu_hotplug_lock.rw_sem);
> > lock(mem_hotplug_lock.rw_sem);
> > lock(kn->count#241);
> >
> > *** DEADLOCK ***
> >
> > No fixes tag as this seems to have been a long standing issue that
> > likely predated the addition of kernfs lockdep annotations.
> >
> > Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
> > Cc: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com>
> > Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
> > Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
> > Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
> > Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
> > ---
> > mm/memory_hotplug.c | 12 +++++++++---
> > 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
> > index 55ac23ef11c1..a4e7dadded08 100644
> > --- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
> > +++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
> > @@ -1763,8 +1763,6 @@ static int __ref try_remove_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
> >
> > BUG_ON(check_hotplug_memory_range(start, size));
> >
> > - mem_hotplug_begin();
> > -
> > /*
> > * All memory blocks must be offlined before removing memory. Check
> > * whether all memory blocks in question are offline and return error
> > @@ -1777,9 +1775,17 @@ static int __ref try_remove_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
> > /* remove memmap entry */
> > firmware_map_remove(start, start + size, "System RAM");
> >
> > - /* remove memory block devices before removing memory */
> > + /*
> > + * Remove memory block devices before removing memory, and do
> > + * not hold the mem_hotplug_lock() over kobject removal
> > + * operations. lock_device_hotplug() keeps the
> > + * check_memblock_offlined_cb result valid until the entire
> > + * removal process is complete.
> > + */
>
> Maybe shorten that to
>
> /*
> * Remove memory block devices before removing memory. Protected
> * by the device_hotplug_lock only.
> */

Why make someone dig for the reasons this lock is sufficient?

>
> AFAIK, the device hotplug lock is sufficient here. The memory hotplug
> lock / cpu hotplug lock is only needed when calling into arch code
> (especially for PPC). We hold both locks when onlining/offlining memory.
>
> > remove_memory_block_devices(start, size);
> >
> > + mem_hotplug_begin();
> > +
> > arch_remove_memory(nid, start, size, NULL);
> > memblock_free(start, size);
> > memblock_remove(start, size);
> >
>
> I'd suggest to do the same in the adding part right away (if easily
> possible) to make it clearer.

Let's let this fix percolate upstream for a bit to make sure there was
no protection the mem_hotplug_begin() was inadvertently providing.

> I properly documented the semantics of
> add_memory_block_devices()/remove_memory_block_devices() already (that
> they need the device hotplug lock).

I see that, but I prefer lockdep_assert_held() in the code rather than
comments. I'll send a patch to fix that up.

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