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SubjectRe: [PATCH v9 6/8] mm: Introduce Reported pages
On Sat, Sep 07, 2019 at 10:25:53AM -0700, Alexander Duyck wrote:
> From: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>
>
> In order to pave the way for free page reporting in virtualized
> environments we will need a way to get pages out of the free lists and
> identify those pages after they have been returned. To accomplish this,
> this patch adds the concept of a Reported Buddy, which is essentially
> meant to just be the Uptodate flag used in conjunction with the Buddy
> page type.
>
> It adds a set of pointers we shall call "boundary" which represents the
> upper boundary between the unreported and reported pages. The general idea
> is that in order for a page to cross from one side of the boundary to the
> other it will need to go through the reporting process. Ultimately a
> free_list has been fully processed when the boundary has been moved from
> the tail all they way up to occupying the first entry in the list.
>
> Doing this we should be able to make certain that we keep the reported
> pages as one contiguous block in each free list. This will allow us to
> efficiently manipulate the free lists whenever we need to go in and start
> sending reports to the hypervisor that there are new pages that have been
> freed and are no longer in use.
>
> An added advantage to this approach is that we should be reducing the
> overall memory footprint of the guest as it will be more likely to recycle
> warm pages versus trying to allocate the reported pages that were likely
> evicted from the guest memory.
>
> Since we will only be reporting one zone at a time we keep the boundary
> limited to being defined for just the zone we are currently reporting pages
> from. Doing this we can keep the number of additional pointers needed quite
> small. To flag that the boundaries are in place we use a single bit
> in the zone to indicate that reporting and the boundaries are active.
>
> The determination of when to start reporting is based on the tracking of
> the number of free pages in a given area versus the number of reported
> pages in that area. We keep track of the number of reported pages per
> free_area in a separate zone specific area. We do this to avoid modifying
> the free_area structure as this can lead to false sharing for the highest
> order with the zone lock which leads to a noticeable performance
> degradation.
>
> Signed-off-by: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>
> ---
> include/linux/mmzone.h | 52 +++++-
> include/linux/page-flags.h | 11 +
> include/linux/page_reporting.h | 178 ++++++++++++++++++++
> mm/Kconfig | 5 +
> mm/Makefile | 1
> mm/memory_hotplug.c | 1
> mm/page_alloc.c | 115 ++++++++++++-
> mm/page_reporting.c | 358 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 8 files changed, 711 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 include/linux/page_reporting.h
> create mode 100644 mm/page_reporting.c
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
> index 2ddf1f1971c0..4b2c44d7e266 100644
> --- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
> +++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
> @@ -463,6 +463,14 @@ struct zone {
> seqlock_t span_seqlock;
> #endif
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_REPORTING
> + /*
> + * Pointer to reported page tracking statistics array. The size of
> + * the array is MAX_ORDER - PAGE_REPORTING_MIN_ORDER. NULL when
> + * unused page reporting is not present.
> + */
> + unsigned long *reported_pages;
> +#endif
> int initialized;
>
> /* Write-intensive fields used from the page allocator */
> @@ -538,6 +546,14 @@ enum zone_flags {
> ZONE_BOOSTED_WATERMARK, /* zone recently boosted watermarks.
> * Cleared when kswapd is woken.
> */
> + ZONE_PAGE_REPORTING_REQUESTED, /* zone enabled page reporting and has
> + * requested flushing the data out of
> + * higher order pages.
> + */
> + ZONE_PAGE_REPORTING_ACTIVE, /* zone enabled page reporting and is
> + * activly flushing the data out of
> + * higher order pages.
> + */
> };
>
> static inline unsigned long zone_managed_pages(struct zone *zone)
> @@ -764,6 +780,8 @@ static inline bool pgdat_is_empty(pg_data_t *pgdat)
> return !pgdat->node_start_pfn && !pgdat->node_spanned_pages;
> }
>
> +#include <linux/page_reporting.h>
> +
> /* Used for pages not on another list */
> static inline void add_to_free_list(struct page *page, struct zone *zone,
> unsigned int order, int migratetype)
> @@ -778,24 +796,48 @@ static inline void add_to_free_list(struct page *page, struct zone *zone,
> static inline void add_to_free_list_tail(struct page *page, struct zone *zone,
> unsigned int order, int migratetype)
> {
> - struct free_area *area = &zone->free_area[order];
> + struct list_head *tail = get_unreported_tail(zone, order, migratetype);
>
> - list_add_tail(&page->lru, &area->free_list[migratetype]);
> - area->nr_free++;
> + /*
> + * To prevent the unreported pages from being interleaved with the
> + * reported ones while we are actively processing pages we will use
> + * the head of the reported pages to determine the tail of the free
> + * list.
> + */
> + list_add_tail(&page->lru, tail);
> + zone->free_area[order].nr_free++;
> }
>
> /* Used for pages which are on another list */
> static inline void move_to_free_list(struct page *page, struct zone *zone,
> unsigned int order, int migratetype)
> {
> - struct free_area *area = &zone->free_area[order];
> + struct list_head *tail = get_unreported_tail(zone, order, migratetype);
> +
> + /*
> + * We must get the tail for our target list before moving the page on
> + * the reported list as we will possibly be replacing the tail page of
> + * the list with our current page if it is reported.
> + */
> + if (unlikely(PageReported(page)))
> + move_page_to_reported_list(page, zone, migratetype);
>
> - list_move(&page->lru, &area->free_list[migratetype]);
> + /*
> + * To prevent unreported pages from being mixed with the reported
> + * ones we add pages to the tail of the list. By doing this the function
> + * above can either label them as included in the reported list or not
> + * and the result will be consistent.
> + */
> + list_move_tail(&page->lru, tail);
> }
>
> static inline void del_page_from_free_list(struct page *page, struct zone *zone,
> unsigned int order)
> {
> + /* remove page from reported list, and clear reported state */
> + if (unlikely(PageReported(page)))
> + del_page_from_reported_list(page, zone);
> +
> list_del(&page->lru);
> __ClearPageBuddy(page);
> set_page_private(page, 0);
> diff --git a/include/linux/page-flags.h b/include/linux/page-flags.h
> index f91cb8898ff0..759a3b3956f2 100644
> --- a/include/linux/page-flags.h
> +++ b/include/linux/page-flags.h
> @@ -163,6 +163,9 @@ enum pageflags {
>
> /* non-lru isolated movable page */
> PG_isolated = PG_reclaim,
> +
> + /* Buddy pages. Used to track which pages have been reported */
> + PG_reported = PG_uptodate,
> };
>
> #ifndef __GENERATING_BOUNDS_H
> @@ -432,6 +435,14 @@ static inline bool set_hwpoison_free_buddy_page(struct page *page)
> #endif
>
> /*
> + * PageReported() is used to track reported free pages within the Buddy
> + * allocator. We can use the non-atomic version of the test and set
> + * operations as both should be shielded with the zone lock to prevent
> + * any possible races on the setting or clearing of the bit.
> + */
> +__PAGEFLAG(Reported, reported, PF_NO_COMPOUND)
> +
> +/*
> * On an anonymous page mapped into a user virtual memory area,
> * page->mapping points to its anon_vma, not to a struct address_space;
> * with the PAGE_MAPPING_ANON bit set to distinguish it. See rmap.h.
> diff --git a/include/linux/page_reporting.h b/include/linux/page_reporting.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..836033ca237b
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/linux/page_reporting.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,178 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> +#ifndef _LINUX_PAGE_REPORTING_H
> +#define _LINUX_PAGE_REPORTING_H
> +
> +#include <linux/mmzone.h>
> +#include <linux/jump_label.h>
> +#include <linux/pageblock-flags.h>
> +
> +#define PAGE_REPORTING_MIN_ORDER pageblock_order
> +#define PAGE_REPORTING_HWM 32
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_REPORTING
> +struct page_reporting_dev_info {
> + /* function that alters pages to make them "reported" */
> + void (*report)(struct page_reporting_dev_info *phdev,
> + unsigned int nents);
> +
> + /* scatterlist containing pages to be processed */
> + struct scatterlist *sg;
> +
> + /*
> + * Upper limit on the number of pages that the react function
> + * expects to be placed into the batch list to be processed.
> + */
> + unsigned long capacity;
> +
> + /* work struct for processing reports */
> + struct delayed_work work;
> +
> + /*
> + * The number of zones requesting reporting, plus one additional if
> + * processing thread is active.
> + */
> + atomic_t refcnt;
> +};
> +
> +/* Boundary functions */
> +struct list_head *__page_reporting_get_boundary(unsigned int order,
> + int migratetype);
> +void page_reporting_del_from_boundary(struct page *page);
> +void page_reporting_add_to_boundary(struct page *page, int migratetype);
> +void page_reporting_move_to_boundary(struct page *page, struct zone *zone,
> + int migratetype);
> +
> +/* Reported page accessors, defined in page_alloc.c */
> +struct page *get_unreported_page(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order,
> + int migratetype);
> +void free_reported_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
> +
> +/* Tear-down and bring-up for page reporting devices */
> +void page_reporting_shutdown(struct page_reporting_dev_info *phdev);
> +int page_reporting_startup(struct page_reporting_dev_info *phdev);
> +
> +void __page_reporting_free_stats(struct zone *zone);
> +void __page_reporting_request(struct zone *zone);
> +
> +static inline void __del_page_from_reported_list(struct page *page,
> + struct zone *zone)
> +{
> + /* page_private will contain the page order, so just use it directly */
> + zone->reported_pages[page_private(page) - PAGE_REPORTING_MIN_ORDER]--;
> +
> + /* clear the flag so we can report on it when it returns */
> + __ClearPageReported(page);
> +}
> +#endif /* CONFIG_PAGE_REPORTING */
> +
> +/*
> + * Method for obtaining the tail of the free list. Using this allows for
> + * tail insertions of unreported pages into the region that is currently
> + * being scanned so as to avoid interleaving reported and unreported pages.
> + */
> +static inline struct list_head *
> +get_unreported_tail(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order, int migratetype)
> +{
> +#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_REPORTING
> + if (order >= PAGE_REPORTING_MIN_ORDER &&
> + test_bit(ZONE_PAGE_REPORTING_ACTIVE, &zone->flags))
> + return __page_reporting_get_boundary(order, migratetype);
> +#endif
> + return &zone->free_area[order].free_list[migratetype];
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Functions for adding/removing pages from reported end of list.
> + * All of them expect the zone lock to be held to maintain
> + * consistency of the reported list as a subset of the free list.
> + */
> +static inline void add_page_to_reported_list(struct page *page,
> + struct zone *zone,
> + int order,
> + int migratetype)
> +{
> +#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_REPORTING

Instead of ifdefing full body of the helpers, can we have two sets of
these helpres defined for CONFIG_PAGE_REPORTING and for
!CONFIG_PAGE_REPORTING cases?

Or can we get all this working with IS_ENABLED() instead of #ifdef?

> + /* flag page as reported */
> + __SetPageReported(page);
> +
> + /* update areated page accounting */
> + zone->reported_pages[order - PAGE_REPORTING_MIN_ORDER]++;
> +
> + /* update boundary of new migratetype and record it */
> + page_reporting_add_to_boundary(page, migratetype);
> +#endif
> +}
> +
> +static inline void del_page_from_reported_list(struct page *page,
> + struct zone *zone)
> +{
> +#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_REPORTING
> + /* push boundary back if we removed the upper boundary */
> + if (test_bit(ZONE_PAGE_REPORTING_ACTIVE, &zone->flags))
> + page_reporting_del_from_boundary(page);
> +
> + __del_page_from_reported_list(page, zone);
> +#endif
> +}
> +
> +static inline void move_page_to_reported_list(struct page *page,
> + struct zone *zone,
> + int migratetype)
> +{
> +#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_REPORTING
> + page_reporting_move_to_boundary(page, zone, migratetype);
> +#endif
> +}
> +
> +/* Free reported_pages and reset reported page tracking count to 0 */
> +static inline void page_reporting_reset(struct zone *zone)
> +{
> +#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_REPORTING
> + if (zone->reported_pages)
> + __page_reporting_free_stats(zone);
> +#endif
> +}
> +
> +DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(page_reporting_notify_enabled);
> +
> +/**
> + * page_reporting_notify_free - Free page notification to start page processing
> + * @zone: Pointer to current zone of last page processed
> + * @order: Order of last page added to zone
> + *
> + * This function is meant to act as a screener for __page_reporting_request
> + * which will determine if a give zone has crossed over the high-water mark
> + * that will justify us beginning page treatment. If we have crossed that
> + * threshold then it will start the process of pulling some pages and
> + * placing them in the batch list for treatment.
> + */
> +static inline void page_reporting_notify_free(struct zone *zone, int order)
> +{
> +#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_REPORTING
> + unsigned long nr_reported;
> +
> + /* Called from hot path in __free_one_page() */
> + if (!static_branch_unlikely(&page_reporting_notify_enabled))
> + return;
> +
> + /* Limit notifications only to higher order pages */
> + if (order < PAGE_REPORTING_MIN_ORDER)
> + return;
> +
> + /* Do not bother with tests if we have already requested reporting */
> + if (test_bit(ZONE_PAGE_REPORTING_REQUESTED, &zone->flags))
> + return;

How is it not racy wrt page_reporting_fill()? Do we hold zone->lock or
something?

> +
> + /* If reported_pages is not populated, assume 0 */
> + nr_reported = zone->reported_pages ?
> + zone->reported_pages[order - PAGE_REPORTING_MIN_ORDER] : 0;
> +
> + /* Only request it if we have enough to begin the page reporting */
> + if (zone->free_area[order].nr_free < nr_reported + PAGE_REPORTING_HWM)
> + return;
> +
> + /* This is slow, but should be called very rarely */
> + __page_reporting_request(zone);
> +#endif
> +}
> +#endif /*_LINUX_PAGE_REPORTING_H */
> diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
> index a5dae9a7eb51..be1a5db50df5 100644
> --- a/mm/Kconfig
> +++ b/mm/Kconfig
> @@ -237,6 +237,11 @@ config COMPACTION
> linux-mm@kvack.org.
>
> #
> +# support for unused page reporting
> +config PAGE_REPORTING
> + bool
> +
> +#

Proper description for the config option?

> # support for page migration
> #
> config MIGRATION
> diff --git a/mm/Makefile b/mm/Makefile
> index d996846697ef..fc4fa17b6c83 100644
> --- a/mm/Makefile
> +++ b/mm/Makefile
> @@ -107,3 +107,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_PERCPU_STATS) += percpu-stats.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE) += memremap.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_HMM_MIRROR) += hmm.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_MEMFD_CREATE) += memfd.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_PAGE_REPORTING) += page_reporting.o
> diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
> index 49f7bf91c25a..cb71a7190682 100644
> --- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
> +++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
> @@ -1613,6 +1613,7 @@ static int __ref __offline_pages(unsigned long start_pfn,
> if (!populated_zone(zone)) {
> zone_pcp_reset(zone);
> build_all_zonelists(NULL);
> + page_reporting_reset(zone);
> } else
> zone_pcp_update(zone);
>
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index f85dc1561b85..615aea24c082 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -68,6 +68,7 @@
> #include <linux/lockdep.h>
> #include <linux/nmi.h>
> #include <linux/psi.h>
> +#include <linux/page_reporting.h>
>
> #include <asm/sections.h>
> #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
> @@ -916,7 +917,7 @@ static inline struct capture_control *task_capc(struct zone *zone)
> static inline void __free_one_page(struct page *page,
> unsigned long pfn,
> struct zone *zone, unsigned int order,
> - int migratetype)
> + int migratetype, bool reported)
> {
> struct capture_control *capc = task_capc(zone);
> unsigned long uninitialized_var(buddy_pfn);
> @@ -991,11 +992,20 @@ static inline void __free_one_page(struct page *page,
> done_merging:
> set_page_order(page, order);
>
> - if (is_shuffle_order(order) ? shuffle_pick_tail() :
> - buddy_merge_likely(pfn, buddy_pfn, page, order))
> + if (reported ||
> + (is_shuffle_order(order) ? shuffle_pick_tail() :
> + buddy_merge_likely(pfn, buddy_pfn, page, order)))
> add_to_free_list_tail(page, zone, order, migratetype);
> else
> add_to_free_list(page, zone, order, migratetype);
> +
> + /*
> + * No need to notify on a reported page as the total count of
> + * unreported pages will not have increased since we have essentially
> + * merged the reported page with one or more unreported pages.
> + */
> + if (!reported)
> + page_reporting_notify_free(zone, order);
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -1306,7 +1316,7 @@ static void free_pcppages_bulk(struct zone *zone, int count,
> if (unlikely(isolated_pageblocks))
> mt = get_pageblock_migratetype(page);
>
> - __free_one_page(page, page_to_pfn(page), zone, 0, mt);
> + __free_one_page(page, page_to_pfn(page), zone, 0, mt, false);
> trace_mm_page_pcpu_drain(page, 0, mt);
> }
> spin_unlock(&zone->lock);
> @@ -1322,7 +1332,7 @@ static void free_one_page(struct zone *zone,
> is_migrate_isolate(migratetype))) {
> migratetype = get_pfnblock_migratetype(page, pfn);
> }
> - __free_one_page(page, pfn, zone, order, migratetype);
> + __free_one_page(page, pfn, zone, order, migratetype, false);
> spin_unlock(&zone->lock);
> }
>
> @@ -2184,6 +2194,101 @@ struct page *__rmqueue_smallest(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order,
> return NULL;
> }
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_REPORTING
> +/**
> + * free_reported_page - Return a now-reported page back where we got it
> + * @page: Page that was reported
> + * @order: Order of the reported page
> + *
> + * This function will pull the migratetype and order information out
> + * of the page and attempt to return it where it found it. If the page
> + * is added to the free list without changes we will mark it as being
> + * reported.
> + */
> +void free_reported_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
> +{
> + struct zone *zone = page_zone(page);
> + unsigned long pfn;
> + unsigned int mt;
> +
> + /* zone lock should be held when this function is called */
> + lockdep_assert_held(&zone->lock);
> +
> + pfn = page_to_pfn(page);
> + mt = get_pfnblock_migratetype(page, pfn);
> + __free_one_page(page, pfn, zone, order, mt, true);
> +
> + /*
> + * If page was not comingled with another page we can consider
> + * the result to be "reported" since part of the page hasn't been
> + * modified, otherwise we would need to report on the new larger
> + * page.
> + */
> + if (PageBuddy(page) && page_order(page) == order)
> + add_page_to_reported_list(page, zone, order, mt);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * get_unreported_page - Pull an unreported page from the free_list
> + * @zone: Zone to draw pages from
> + * @order: Order to draw pages from
> + * @mt: Migratetype to draw pages from
> + *
> + * This function will obtain a page from the free list. It will start by
> + * attempting to pull from the tail of the free list and if that is already
> + * reported on it will instead pull the head if that is unreported.
> + *
> + * The page will have the migrate type and order stored in the page
> + * metadata. While being processed the page will not be avaialble for
> + * allocation.
> + *
> + * Return: page pointer if raw page found, otherwise NULL
> + */
> +struct page *get_unreported_page(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order, int mt)
> +{
> + struct list_head *tail = get_unreported_tail(zone, order, mt);
> + struct free_area *area = &(zone->free_area[order]);
> + struct list_head *list = &area->free_list[mt];
> + struct page *page;
> +
> + /* zone lock should be held when this function is called */
> + lockdep_assert_held(&zone->lock);
> +
> + /* Find a page of the appropriate size in the preferred list */
> + page = list_last_entry(tail, struct page, lru);
> + list_for_each_entry_from_reverse(page, list, lru) {
> + /* If we entered this loop then the "raw" list isn't empty */
> +
> + /* If the page is reported try the head of the list */
> + if (PageReported(page)) {
> + page = list_first_entry(list, struct page, lru);
> +
> + /*
> + * If both the head and tail are reported then reset
> + * the boundary so that we read as an empty list
> + * next time and bail out.
> + */
> + if (PageReported(page)) {
> + page_reporting_add_to_boundary(page, mt);
> + break;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + del_page_from_free_list(page, zone, order);
> +
> + /*
> + * Page will not be available for allocation while we are
> + * processing it so update the freepage state.
> + */
> + __mod_zone_freepage_state(zone, -(1 << order), mt);
> +
> + return page;
> + }
> +
> + return NULL;
> +}
> +#endif /* CONFIG_PAGE_REPORTING */
> +
> /*
> * This array describes the order lists are fallen back to when
> * the free lists for the desirable migrate type are depleted
> diff --git a/mm/page_reporting.c b/mm/page_reporting.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..a59ef53eb0b8
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/mm/page_reporting.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,358 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +#include <linux/mm.h>
> +#include <linux/mmzone.h>
> +#include <linux/page-isolation.h>
> +#include <linux/gfp.h>
> +#include <linux/export.h>
> +#include <linux/delay.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
> +#include "internal.h"
> +
> +static struct page_reporting_dev_info __rcu *ph_dev_info __read_mostly;
> +struct list_head **boundary __read_mostly;
> +
> +static inline struct list_head **get_boundary_ptr(unsigned int order,
> + unsigned int migratetype)
> +{
> + return boundary +
> + (order - PAGE_REPORTING_MIN_ORDER) * MIGRATE_TYPES + migratetype;
> +}
> +
> +static void page_reporting_reset_boundary(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order,
> + unsigned int migratetype)
> +{
> + struct list_head **tail = get_boundary_ptr(order, migratetype);
> +
> + *tail = &zone->free_area[order].free_list[migratetype];
> +}
> +
> +#define for_each_reporting_migratetype_order(_order, _type) \
> + for (_order = MAX_ORDER; _order-- != PAGE_REPORTING_MIN_ORDER;) \
> + for (_type = MIGRATE_TYPES; _type--;) \
> + if (!is_migrate_isolate(_type))
> +
> +static int page_reporting_populate_metadata(struct zone *zone)
> +{
> + unsigned int order, mt;
> +
> + /*
> + * We need to make sure we have somewhere to store the tracking
> + * data for how many reported pages are in the zone. To do that
> + * we need to make certain zone->reported_pages is populated.
> + */
> + if (!zone->reported_pages) {
> + zone->reported_pages =
> + kcalloc(MAX_ORDER - PAGE_REPORTING_MIN_ORDER,
> + sizeof(unsigned long),
> + GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!zone->reported_pages)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + }
> +
> + /* Update boundary data to reflect the zone we are currently working */
> + for_each_reporting_migratetype_order(order, mt)
> + page_reporting_reset_boundary(zone, order, mt);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +struct list_head *__page_reporting_get_boundary(unsigned int order,
> + int migratetype)
> +{
> + return *get_boundary_ptr(order, migratetype);
> +}
> +
> +void page_reporting_del_from_boundary(struct page *page)
> +{
> + unsigned int order = page_private(page);
> + int mt = get_pcppage_migratetype(page);
> + struct list_head **tail = get_boundary_ptr(order, mt);
> +
> + if (*tail == &page->lru)
> + *tail = page->lru.next;
> +}
> +
> +void page_reporting_add_to_boundary(struct page *page, int migratetype)
> +{
> + unsigned int order = page_private(page);
> + struct list_head **tail = get_boundary_ptr(order, migratetype);
> +
> + *tail = &page->lru;
> + set_pcppage_migratetype(page, migratetype);
> +}
> +
> +void page_reporting_move_to_boundary(struct page *page, struct zone *zone,
> + int dest_mt)
> +{
> + /*
> + * We essentially have two options available to us. The first is to
> + * move the page from the boundary list on one migratetype to the
> + * list for the new migratetype assuming reporting is still active.
> + *
> + * The other option is to clear the reported state of the page as
> + * we will not be adding it to the group of pages that were already
> + * reported. It is cheaper to just rereport such pages then go
> + * through and do a special search to skip over them. If the page
> + * is being moved into isolation we can defer this until the page
> + * comes out of isolation since we do not scan the isolated
> + * migratetype.
> + */
> + if (test_bit(ZONE_PAGE_REPORTING_ACTIVE, &zone->flags)) {
> + page_reporting_del_from_boundary(page);
> + page_reporting_add_to_boundary(page, dest_mt);
> + } else if (!is_migrate_isolate(dest_mt)) {
> + __del_page_from_reported_list(page, zone);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static unsigned int page_reporting_fill(struct zone *zone,
> + struct page_reporting_dev_info *phdev)
> +{
> + struct scatterlist *sg = phdev->sg;
> + unsigned int order, mt, count = 0;
> +
> + sg_init_table(phdev->sg, phdev->capacity);
> +
> + for_each_reporting_migratetype_order(order, mt) {
> + struct page *page;
> +
> + /*
> + * Pull pages from free list until we have drained
> + * it or we have reached capacity.
> + */
> + while ((page = get_unreported_page(zone, order, mt))) {
> + sg_set_page(&sg[count], page, PAGE_SIZE << order, 0);
> +
> + if (++count == phdev->capacity)
> + return count;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + /* mark end of scatterlist due to underflow */
> + if (count)
> + sg_mark_end(&sg[count - 1]);
> +
> + /*
> + * If there are no longer enough free pages to fully populate
> + * the scatterlist, then we can just shut it down for this zone.
> + */
> + __clear_bit(ZONE_PAGE_REPORTING_REQUESTED, &zone->flags);
> + atomic_dec(&phdev->refcnt);
> +
> + return count;
> +}
> +
> +static void page_reporting_drain(struct page_reporting_dev_info *phdev)
> +{
> + struct scatterlist *sg = phdev->sg;
> +
> + /*
> + * Drain the now reported pages back into their respective
> + * free lists/areas. We assume at least one page is populated.
> + */
> + do {
> + free_reported_page(sg_page(sg), get_order(sg->length));
> + } while (!sg_is_last(sg++));
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * The page reporting cycle consists of 4 stages, fill, report, drain, and idle.
> + * We will cycle through the first 3 stages until we fail to obtain any
> + * pages, in that case we will switch to idle.
> + */
> +static void page_reporting_cycle(struct zone *zone,
> + struct page_reporting_dev_info *phdev)
> +{
> + /*
> + * Guarantee boundaries and stats are populated before we
> + * start placing reported pages in the zone.
> + */
> + if (page_reporting_populate_metadata(zone))
> + return;
> +
> + spin_lock_irq(&zone->lock);
> +
> + /* set bit indicating boundaries are present */
> + __set_bit(ZONE_PAGE_REPORTING_ACTIVE, &zone->flags);
> +
> + do {
> + /* Pull pages out of allocator into a scaterlist */
> + unsigned int nents = page_reporting_fill(zone, phdev);
> +
> + /* no pages were acquired, give up */
> + if (!nents)
> + break;
> +
> + spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lock);
> +
> + /* begin processing pages in local list */
> + phdev->report(phdev, nents);
> +
> + spin_lock_irq(&zone->lock);
> +
> + /*
> + * We should have a scatterlist of pages that have been
> + * processed. Return them to their original free lists.
> + */
> + page_reporting_drain(phdev);
> +
> + /* keep pulling pages till there are none to pull */
> + } while (test_bit(ZONE_PAGE_REPORTING_REQUESTED, &zone->flags));
> +
> + /* processing of the zone is complete, we can disable boundaries */
> + __clear_bit(ZONE_PAGE_REPORTING_ACTIVE, &zone->flags);
> +
> + spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lock);
> +}
> +
> +static void page_reporting_process(struct work_struct *work)
> +{
> + struct delayed_work *d_work = to_delayed_work(work);
> + struct page_reporting_dev_info *phdev =
> + container_of(d_work, struct page_reporting_dev_info, work);
> + struct zone *zone = first_online_pgdat()->node_zones;
> +
> + do {
> + if (test_bit(ZONE_PAGE_REPORTING_REQUESTED, &zone->flags))
> + page_reporting_cycle(zone, phdev);
> +
> + /* Move to next zone, if at end of list start over */
> + zone = next_zone(zone) ? : first_online_pgdat()->node_zones;
> +
> + /*
> + * As long as refcnt has not reached zero there are still
> + * zones to be processed.
> + */
> + } while (atomic_read(&phdev->refcnt));
> +}
> +
> +/* request page reporting on this zone */
> +void __page_reporting_request(struct zone *zone)
> +{
> + struct page_reporting_dev_info *phdev;
> +
> + rcu_read_lock();
> +
> + /*
> + * We use RCU to protect the ph_dev_info pointer. In almost all
> + * cases this should be present, however in the unlikely case of
> + * a shutdown this will be NULL and we should exit.
> + */
> + phdev = rcu_dereference(ph_dev_info);
> + if (unlikely(!phdev))
> + goto out;
> +
> + /*
> + * We can use separate test and set operations here as there
> + * is nothing else that can set or clear this bit while we are
> + * holding the zone lock. The advantage to doing it this way is
> + * that we don't have to dirty the cacheline unless we are
> + * changing the value.
> + */
> + __set_bit(ZONE_PAGE_REPORTING_REQUESTED, &zone->flags);
> +
> + /*
> + * Delay the start of work to allow a sizable queue to
> + * build. For now we are limiting this to running no more
> + * than 10 times per second.
> + */
> + if (!atomic_fetch_inc(&phdev->refcnt))
> + schedule_delayed_work(&phdev->work, HZ / 10);
> +out:
> + rcu_read_unlock();
> +}
> +
> +void __page_reporting_free_stats(struct zone *zone)
> +{
> + /* free reported_page statisitics */
> + kfree(zone->reported_pages);
> + zone->reported_pages = NULL;
> +}
> +
> +static DEFINE_MUTEX(page_reporting_mutex);
> +DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(page_reporting_notify_enabled);
> +
> +void page_reporting_shutdown(struct page_reporting_dev_info *phdev)
> +{
> + mutex_lock(&page_reporting_mutex);
> +
> + if (rcu_access_pointer(ph_dev_info) == phdev) {
> + /* Disable page reporting notification */
> + static_branch_disable(&page_reporting_notify_enabled);
> + RCU_INIT_POINTER(ph_dev_info, NULL);
> + synchronize_rcu();
> +
> + /* Flush any existing work, and lock it out */
> + cancel_delayed_work_sync(&phdev->work);
> +
> + /* Free scatterlist */
> + kfree(phdev->sg);
> + phdev->sg = NULL;
> +
> + /* Free boundaries */
> + kfree(boundary);
> + boundary = NULL;
> + }
> +
> + mutex_unlock(&page_reporting_mutex);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(page_reporting_shutdown);
> +
> +int page_reporting_startup(struct page_reporting_dev_info *phdev)
> +{
> + struct zone *zone;
> + int err = 0;
> +
> + /* No point in enabling this if it cannot handle any pages */
> + if (!phdev->capacity)
> + return -EINVAL;

Looks like a usage error. Maybe WARN_ON()?

> +
> + mutex_lock(&page_reporting_mutex);
> +
> + /* nothing to do if already in use */
> + if (rcu_access_pointer(ph_dev_info)) {
> + err = -EBUSY;
> + goto err_out;
> + }

Again, it's from "something went horribly wrong" category.
Maybe WARN_ON()?

> +
> + boundary = kcalloc(MAX_ORDER - PAGE_REPORTING_MIN_ORDER,
> + sizeof(struct list_head *) * MIGRATE_TYPES,
> + GFP_KERNEL);

Could you comment here on why this size of array is allocated?
The calculation is not obvious to a reader.

> + if (!boundary) {
> + err = -ENOMEM;
> + goto err_out;
> + }
> +
> + /* allocate scatterlist to store pages being reported on */
> + phdev->sg = kcalloc(phdev->capacity, sizeof(*phdev->sg), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!phdev->sg) {
> + err = -ENOMEM;
> +
> + kfree(boundary);
> + boundary = NULL;
> +
> + goto err_out;
> + }
> +
> +
> + /* initialize refcnt and work structures */
> + atomic_set(&phdev->refcnt, 0);
> + INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&phdev->work, &page_reporting_process);
> +
> + /* assign device, and begin initial flush of populated zones */
> + rcu_assign_pointer(ph_dev_info, phdev);
> + for_each_populated_zone(zone) {
> + spin_lock_irq(&zone->lock);
> + __page_reporting_request(zone);
> + spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lock);
> + }
> +
> + /* enable page reporting notification */
> + static_branch_enable(&page_reporting_notify_enabled);
> +err_out:
> + mutex_unlock(&page_reporting_mutex);
> +
> + return err;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(page_reporting_startup);
>
>

--
Kirill A. Shutemov

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