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SubjectRe: [PATCH (resend)] mm,oom: Defer dump_tasks() output.
On Sat 07-09-19 19:54:32, Tetsuo Handa wrote:
> (Resending to LKML as linux-mm ML dropped my posts.)
>
> If /proc/sys/vm/oom_dump_tasks != 0, dump_header() can become very slow
> because dump_tasks() synchronously reports all OOM victim candidates, and
> as a result ratelimit test for dump_header() cannot work as expected.
>
> This patch defers dump_tasks() output till oom_lock is released. As a
> result of this patch, the latency between out_of_memory() is called and
> SIGKILL is sent (and the OOM reaper starts reclaiming memory) will be
> significantly reduced.
>
> Since CONFIG_PRINTK_CALLER was introduced, concurrent printk() became less
> problematic. But we still need to correlate synchronously printed messages
> and asynchronously printed messages if we defer dump_tasks() messages.
> Thus, this patch also prefixes OOM killer messages using "OOM[$serial]:"
> format. As a result, OOM killer messages would look like below.
>
> [ 31.935015][ T71] OOM[1]: kworker/4:1 invoked oom-killer: gfp_mask=0xcc0(GFP_KERNEL), order=-1, oom_score_adj=0
> (...snipped....)
> [ 32.052635][ T71] OOM[1]: oom-kill:constraint=CONSTRAINT_NONE,nodemask=(null),global_oom,task_memcg=/,task=firewalld,pid=737,uid=0
> [ 32.056886][ T71] OOM[1]: Out of memory: Killed process 737 (firewalld) total-vm:358672kB, anon-rss:22640kB, file-rss:12328kB, shmem-rss:0kB, UID:0 pgtables:421888kB oom_score_adj:0
> [ 32.064291][ T71] OOM[1]: Tasks state (memory values in pages):
> [ 32.067807][ T71] OOM[1]: [ pid ] uid tgid total_vm rss pgtables_bytes swapents oom_score_adj name
> [ 32.070057][ T54] oom_reaper: reaped process 737 (firewalld), now anon-rss:0kB, file-rss:0kB, shmem-rss:0kB
> [ 32.072417][ T71] OOM[1]: [ 548] 0 548 9772 1172 110592 0 0 systemd-journal
> (...snipped....)
> [ 32.139566][ T71] OOM[1]: [ 737] 0 737 89668 8742 421888 0 0 firewalld
> (...snipped....)
> [ 32.221990][ T71] OOM[1]: [ 1300] 48 1300 63025 1788 532480 0 0 httpd
>
> This patch might affect panic behavior triggered by panic_on_oom or no
> OOM-killable tasks, for dump_header(oc, NULL) will not report OOM victim
> candidates if there are not-yet-reported OOM victim candidates from past
> rounds of OOM killer invocations. I don't know if that matters.
>
> For now this patch embeds "struct oom_task_info" into each
> "struct task_struct". In order to avoid bloating "struct task_struct",
> future patch might detach from "struct task_struct" because one
> "struct oom_task_info" for one "struct signal_struct" will be enough.

This is not an improvement. It detaches the oom report and tasks_dump
for an arbitrary amount of time because the worder context might be
stalled for an arbitrary time. Even long after the oom is resolved.
Not to mention that 1:1 (oom to tasks) information dumping is
fundamentally broken. Any task might be on an oom list of different
OOM contexts in different oom scopes (think of OOM happening in disjunct
NUMA sets).

This is just adding more kludges and making the code more complex
without trying to address an underlying problems. So
Nacked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>

And more importantly it is _known_ that dump_tasks might be costly.
People who really need that information have to live with that fact.
There is the way to disable this functionality. I wish we could have it
disabled by default but it seems I am alone in that thinking so I am not
going to push for it.

> Signed-off-by: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp>
> ---
> include/linux/sched.h | 17 +++++-
> mm/oom_kill.c | 149 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------
> 2 files changed, 121 insertions(+), 45 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
> index b6ec130dff9b..8960e7dc2077 100644
> --- a/include/linux/sched.h
> +++ b/include/linux/sched.h
> @@ -639,6 +639,21 @@ struct wake_q_node {
> struct wake_q_node *next;
> };
>
> +/* Memory usage and misc info as of invocation of OOM killer. */
> +struct oom_task_info {
> + struct list_head list;
> + unsigned int seq;
> + char comm[TASK_COMM_LEN];
> + pid_t pid;
> + uid_t uid;
> + pid_t tgid;
> + unsigned long total_vm;
> + unsigned long mm_rss;
> + unsigned long pgtables_bytes;
> + unsigned long swapents;
> + int score_adj;
> +};
> +
> struct task_struct {
> #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK
> /*
> @@ -1260,7 +1275,7 @@ struct task_struct {
> #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
> struct task_struct *oom_reaper_list;
> #endif
> - struct list_head oom_victim_list;
> + struct oom_task_info oom_task_info;
> #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
> struct vm_struct *stack_vm_area;
> #endif
> diff --git a/mm/oom_kill.c b/mm/oom_kill.c
> index 93eae768a475..fbe17007fb76 100644
> --- a/mm/oom_kill.c
> +++ b/mm/oom_kill.c
> @@ -377,16 +377,80 @@ static void select_bad_process(struct oom_control *oc)
> }
> }
>
> +static unsigned int oom_killer_seq; /* Serialized by oom_lock. */
> +static LIST_HEAD(oom_candidate_list); /* Serialized by oom_lock. */
>
> static int add_candidate_task(struct task_struct *p, void *arg)
> {
> - if (!oom_unkillable_task(p)) {
> - get_task_struct(p);
> - list_add_tail(&p->oom_victim_list, (struct list_head *) arg);
> - }
> + struct oom_control *oc = arg;
> + struct mm_struct *mm;
> + struct oom_task_info *oti;
> +
> + if (oom_unkillable_task(p))
> + return 0;
> + /* p may not have freeable memory in nodemask */
> + if (!is_memcg_oom(oc) && !oom_cpuset_eligible(p, oc))
> + return 0;
> + /* All of p's threads might have already detached their mm's. */
> + p = find_lock_task_mm(p);
> + if (!p)
> + return 0;
> + get_task_struct(p);
> + oti = &p->oom_task_info;
> + mm = p->mm;
> + oti->seq = oom_killer_seq;
> + memcpy(oti->comm, p->comm, sizeof(oti->comm));
> + oti->pid = task_pid_nr(p);
> + oti->uid = from_kuid(&init_user_ns, task_uid(p));
> + oti->tgid = p->tgid;
> + oti->total_vm = mm->total_vm;
> + oti->mm_rss = get_mm_rss(mm);
> + oti->pgtables_bytes = mm_pgtables_bytes(mm);
> + oti->swapents = get_mm_counter(mm, MM_SWAPENTS);
> + oti->score_adj = p->signal->oom_score_adj;
> + task_unlock(p);
> + list_add_tail(&oti->list, &oom_candidate_list);
> return 0;
> }
>
> +static void dump_candidate_tasks(struct work_struct *work)
> +{
> + bool first = true;
> + unsigned int seq;
> + struct oom_task_info *oti;
> +
> + if (work) /* Serialize only if asynchronous. */
> + mutex_lock(&oom_lock);
> + while (!list_empty(&oom_candidate_list)) {
> + oti = list_first_entry(&oom_candidate_list,
> + struct oom_task_info, list);
> + seq = oti->seq;
> + if (first) {
> + pr_info("OOM[%u]: Tasks state (memory values in pages):\n",
> + seq);
> + pr_info("OOM[%u]: [ pid ] uid tgid total_vm rss pgtables_bytes swapents oom_score_adj name\n",
> + seq);
> + first = false;
> + }
> + pr_info("OOM[%u]: [%7d] %5d %5d %8lu %8lu %8ld %8lu %5hd %s\n",
> + seq, oti->pid, oti->uid, oti->tgid, oti->total_vm,
> + oti->mm_rss, oti->pgtables_bytes, oti->swapents,
> + oti->score_adj, oti->comm);
> + list_del(&oti->list);
> + if (work)
> + mutex_unlock(&oom_lock);
> + put_task_struct(container_of(oti, struct task_struct,
> + oom_task_info));
> + cond_resched();
> + if (work)
> + mutex_lock(&oom_lock);
> + }
> + if (work)
> + mutex_unlock(&oom_lock);
> +}
> +
> +static DECLARE_WORK(oom_dump_candidates_work, dump_candidate_tasks);
> +
> /**
> * dump_tasks - dump current memory state of all system tasks
> * @oc: pointer to struct oom_control
> @@ -399,49 +463,41 @@ static int add_candidate_task(struct task_struct *p, void *arg)
> */
> static void dump_tasks(struct oom_control *oc)
> {
> - LIST_HEAD(list);
> struct task_struct *p;
> - struct task_struct *t;
>
> + /*
> + * Suppress as long as there is any OOM victim candidate from past
> + * rounds of OOM killer invocations. We could change this to suppress
> + * only if there is an OOM victim candidate in the same OOM domain if
> + * we want to see OOM victim candidates from different OOM domains.
> + * But since dump_header() is already ratelimited, I don't know whether
> + * it makes difference to suppress OOM victim candidates from different
> + * OOM domains...
> + */
> + if (!list_empty(&oom_candidate_list))
> + return;
> if (is_memcg_oom(oc))
> - mem_cgroup_scan_tasks(oc->memcg, add_candidate_task, &list);
> + mem_cgroup_scan_tasks(oc->memcg, add_candidate_task, oc);
> else {
> rcu_read_lock();
> for_each_process(p)
> - add_candidate_task(p, &list);
> + add_candidate_task(p, oc);
> rcu_read_unlock();
> }
> - pr_info("Tasks state (memory values in pages):\n");
> - pr_info("[ pid ] uid tgid total_vm rss pgtables_bytes swapents oom_score_adj name\n");
> - list_for_each_entry(p, &list, oom_victim_list) {
> - cond_resched();
> - /* p may not have freeable memory in nodemask */
> - if (!is_memcg_oom(oc) && !oom_cpuset_eligible(p, oc))
> - continue;
> - /* All of p's threads might have already detached their mm's. */
> - t = find_lock_task_mm(p);
> - if (!t)
> - continue;
> - pr_info("[%7d] %5d %5d %8lu %8lu %8ld %8lu %5hd %s\n",
> - t->pid, from_kuid(&init_user_ns, task_uid(t)),
> - t->tgid, t->mm->total_vm, get_mm_rss(t->mm),
> - mm_pgtables_bytes(t->mm),
> - get_mm_counter(t->mm, MM_SWAPENTS),
> - t->signal->oom_score_adj, t->comm);
> - task_unlock(t);
> - }
> - list_for_each_entry_safe(p, t, &list, oom_victim_list) {
> - list_del(&p->oom_victim_list);
> - put_task_struct(p);
> - }
> + /*
> + * Report OOM victim candidates after SIGKILL is sent to OOM victims
> + * and the OOM reaper started reclaiming.
> + */
> + if (!list_empty(&oom_candidate_list))
> + queue_work(system_long_wq, &oom_dump_candidates_work);
> }
>
> static void dump_oom_summary(struct oom_control *oc, struct task_struct *victim)
> {
> /* one line summary of the oom killer context. */
> - pr_info("oom-kill:constraint=%s,nodemask=%*pbl",
> - oom_constraint_text[oc->constraint],
> - nodemask_pr_args(oc->nodemask));
> + pr_info("OOM[%u]: oom-kill:constraint=%s,nodemask=%*pbl",
> + oom_killer_seq, oom_constraint_text[oc->constraint],
> + nodemask_pr_args(oc->nodemask));
> cpuset_print_current_mems_allowed();
> mem_cgroup_print_oom_context(oc->memcg, victim);
> pr_cont(",task=%s,pid=%d,uid=%d\n", victim->comm, victim->pid,
> @@ -450,11 +506,11 @@ static void dump_oom_summary(struct oom_control *oc, struct task_struct *victim)
>
> static void dump_header(struct oom_control *oc, struct task_struct *p)
> {
> - pr_warn("%s invoked oom-killer: gfp_mask=%#x(%pGg), order=%d, oom_score_adj=%hd\n",
> - current->comm, oc->gfp_mask, &oc->gfp_mask, oc->order,
> - current->signal->oom_score_adj);
> + pr_warn("OOM[%u]: %s invoked oom-killer: gfp_mask=%#x(%pGg), order=%d, oom_score_adj=%hd\n",
> + oom_killer_seq, current->comm, oc->gfp_mask, &oc->gfp_mask,
> + oc->order, current->signal->oom_score_adj);
> if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_COMPACTION) && oc->order)
> - pr_warn("COMPACTION is disabled!!!\n");
> + pr_warn("OOM[%u]: COMPACTION is disabled!!!\n", oom_killer_seq);
>
> dump_stack();
> if (is_memcg_oom(oc))
> @@ -883,8 +939,9 @@ static void __oom_kill_process(struct task_struct *victim, const char *message)
> */
> do_send_sig_info(SIGKILL, SEND_SIG_PRIV, victim, PIDTYPE_TGID);
> mark_oom_victim(victim);
> - pr_err("%s: Killed process %d (%s) total-vm:%lukB, anon-rss:%lukB, file-rss:%lukB, shmem-rss:%lukB, UID:%u pgtables:%lukB oom_score_adj:%hd\n",
> - message, task_pid_nr(victim), victim->comm, K(mm->total_vm),
> + pr_err("OOM[%u]: %s: Killed process %d (%s) total-vm:%lukB, anon-rss:%lukB, file-rss:%lukB, shmem-rss:%lukB, UID:%u pgtables:%lukB oom_score_adj:%hd\n",
> + oom_killer_seq, message, task_pid_nr(victim), victim->comm,
> + K(mm->total_vm),
> K(get_mm_counter(mm, MM_ANONPAGES)),
> K(get_mm_counter(mm, MM_FILEPAGES)),
> K(get_mm_counter(mm, MM_SHMEMPAGES)),
> @@ -910,9 +967,9 @@ static void __oom_kill_process(struct task_struct *victim, const char *message)
> if (is_global_init(p)) {
> can_oom_reap = false;
> set_bit(MMF_OOM_SKIP, &mm->flags);
> - pr_info("oom killer %d (%s) has mm pinned by %d (%s)\n",
> - task_pid_nr(victim), victim->comm,
> - task_pid_nr(p), p->comm);
> + pr_info("OOM[%u]: oom killer %d (%s) has mm pinned by %d (%s)\n",
> + oom_killer_seq, task_pid_nr(victim),
> + victim->comm, task_pid_nr(p), p->comm);
> continue;
> }
> /*
> @@ -1012,6 +1069,7 @@ static void check_panic_on_oom(struct oom_control *oc)
> if (is_sysrq_oom(oc))
> return;
> dump_header(oc, NULL);
> + dump_candidate_tasks(NULL);
> panic("Out of memory: %s panic_on_oom is enabled\n",
> sysctl_panic_on_oom == 2 ? "compulsory" : "system-wide");
> }
> @@ -1074,6 +1132,7 @@ bool out_of_memory(struct oom_control *oc)
> if (oc->gfp_mask && !(oc->gfp_mask & __GFP_FS) && !is_memcg_oom(oc))
> return true;
>
> + oom_killer_seq++;
> /*
> * Check if there were limitations on the allocation (only relevant for
> * NUMA and memcg) that may require different handling.
> @@ -1103,8 +1162,10 @@ bool out_of_memory(struct oom_control *oc)
> * system level, we cannot survive this and will enter
> * an endless loop in the allocator. Bail out now.
> */
> - if (!is_sysrq_oom(oc) && !is_memcg_oom(oc))
> + if (!is_sysrq_oom(oc) && !is_memcg_oom(oc)) {
> + dump_candidate_tasks(NULL);
> panic("System is deadlocked on memory\n");
> + }
> }
> if (oc->chosen && oc->chosen != (void *)-1UL)
> oom_kill_process(oc, !is_memcg_oom(oc) ? "Out of memory" :
> --
> 2.16.5
>

--
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs

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