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SubjectRe: [PATCH] Documentation: sysrq: don't recommend 'S' 'U' before 'B'
On Tue 2019-09-03 18:08:40, Adam Borowski wrote:
> This advice is obsolete and slightly harmful for filesystems from this
> millenium: any modern filesystem can handle unexpected crashes without
> requiring fsck -- and on the other hand, trying to write to the disk when
> the kernel is in a bad state risks introducing corruption.

Actually no, I don't think it is good idea.

sync is still useful these days -- you want the current data to be
written to disk; true, you'll not have to do fsck, but you may lose
your current data.

Best regards,

> For ext2, any unsafe shutdown meant widespread breakage, but it's no longer
> a reasonable filesystem for any non-special use.
> Signed-off-by: Adam Borowski <>
> ---
> Documentation/admin-guide/sysrq.rst | 20 +++++++++-----------
> 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
> diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/sysrq.rst b/Documentation/admin-guide/sysrq.rst
> index 7b9035c01a2e..72b2cfb066f4 100644
> --- a/Documentation/admin-guide/sysrq.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/sysrq.rst
> @@ -171,22 +171,20 @@ It seems others find it useful as (System Attention Key) which is
> useful when you want to exit a program that will not let you switch consoles.
> (For example, X or a svgalib program.)
> -``reboot(b)`` is good when you're unable to shut down. But you should also
> -``sync(s)`` and ``umount(u)`` first.
> +``reboot(b)`` is good when you're unable to shut down, it is an equivalent
> +of pressing the "reset" button.
> ``crash(c)`` can be used to manually trigger a crashdump when the system is hung.
> Note that this just triggers a crash if there is no dump mechanism available.
> -``sync(s)`` is great when your system is locked up, it allows you to sync your
> -disks and will certainly lessen the chance of data loss and fscking. Note
> -that the sync hasn't taken place until you see the "OK" and "Done" appear
> -on the screen. (If the kernel is really in strife, you may not ever get the
> -OK or Done message...)
> +``sync(s)`` is handy before yanking removable medium or after using a rescue
> +shell that provides no graceful shutdown -- it will ensure your data is
> +safely written to the disk. Note that the sync hasn't taken place until you see
> +the "OK" and "Done" appear on the screen.
> -``umount(u)`` is basically useful in the same ways as ``sync(s)``. I generally
> -``sync(s)``, ``umount(u)``, then ``reboot(b)`` when my system locks. It's saved
> -me many a fsck. Again, the unmount (remount read-only) hasn't taken place until
> -you see the "OK" and "Done" message appear on the screen.
> +``umount(u)`` can be used to mark filesystems as properly unmounted. From the
> +running system's point of view, they will be remounted read-only. The remount
> +isn't complete until you see the "OK" and "Done" message appear on the screen.
> The loglevels ``0``-``9`` are useful when your console is being flooded with
> kernel messages you do not want to see. Selecting ``0`` will prevent all but

(cesky, pictures)
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