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SubjectRe: [PATCH] x86/umip: Add emulation for 64-bit processes
On Thu, Sep 05, 2019 at 04:22:21PM -0700, Brendan Shanks wrote:
> Add emulation of the sgdt, sidt, and smsw instructions for 64-bit
> processes.
>
> Wine users have encountered a number of 64-bit Windows games that use
> these instructions (particularly sgdt), and were crashing when run on
> UMIP-enabled systems.

Emulation support for 64-bit processes was not initially included
because no use cases had been identified. Brendan has found one.

Here is the relevant e-mail thread: https://lkml.org/lkml/2017/1/26/12

FWIW,

Reviewed-by: Ricardo Neri <ricardo.neri-calderon@linux.intel.com>

Only one minor comment below...

>
> Originally-by: Ricardo Neri <ricardo.neri-calderon@linux.intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Brendan Shanks <bshanks@codeweavers.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/kernel/umip.c | 55 +++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------------
> 1 file changed, 33 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/umip.c b/arch/x86/kernel/umip.c
> index 5b345add550f..1812e95d2f55 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/umip.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/umip.c
> @@ -51,9 +51,7 @@
> * The instruction smsw is emulated to return the value that the register CR0
> * has at boot time as set in the head_32.
> *
> - * Also, emulation is provided only for 32-bit processes; 64-bit processes
> - * that attempt to use the instructions that UMIP protects will receive the
> - * SIGSEGV signal issued as a consequence of the general protection fault.
> + * Emulation is provided for both 32-bit and 64-bit processes.
> *
> * Care is taken to appropriately emulate the results when segmentation is
> * used. That is, rather than relying on USER_DS and USER_CS, the function
> @@ -63,17 +61,18 @@
> * application uses a local descriptor table.
> */
>
> -#define UMIP_DUMMY_GDT_BASE 0xfffe0000
> -#define UMIP_DUMMY_IDT_BASE 0xffff0000
> +#define UMIP_DUMMY_GDT_BASE 0xfffffffffffe0000ULL
> +#define UMIP_DUMMY_IDT_BASE 0xffffffffffff0000ULL
>
> /*
> * The SGDT and SIDT instructions store the contents of the global descriptor
> * table and interrupt table registers, respectively. The destination is a
> * memory operand of X+2 bytes. X bytes are used to store the base address of
> - * the table and 2 bytes are used to store the limit. In 32-bit processes, the
> - * only processes for which emulation is provided, X has a value of 4.
> + * the table and 2 bytes are used to store the limit. In 32-bit processes X
> + * has a value of 4, in 64-bit processes X has a value of 8.
> */
> -#define UMIP_GDT_IDT_BASE_SIZE 4
> +#define UMIP_GDT_IDT_BASE_SIZE_64BIT 8
> +#define UMIP_GDT_IDT_BASE_SIZE_32BIT 4
> #define UMIP_GDT_IDT_LIMIT_SIZE 2
>
> #define UMIP_INST_SGDT 0 /* 0F 01 /0 */
> @@ -189,6 +188,7 @@ static int identify_insn(struct insn *insn)
> * @umip_inst: A constant indicating the instruction to emulate
> * @data: Buffer into which the dummy result is stored
> * @data_size: Size of the emulated result
> + * @x86_64: true if process is 64-bit, false otherwise
> *
> * Emulate an instruction protected by UMIP and provide a dummy result. The
> * result of the emulation is saved in @data. The size of the results depends
> @@ -202,11 +202,8 @@ static int identify_insn(struct insn *insn)
> * 0 on success, -EINVAL on error while emulating.
> */
> static int emulate_umip_insn(struct insn *insn, int umip_inst,
> - unsigned char *data, int *data_size)
> + unsigned char *data, int *data_size, bool x86_64)
> {
> - unsigned long dummy_base_addr, dummy_value;
> - unsigned short dummy_limit = 0;
> -
> if (!data || !data_size || !insn)
> return -EINVAL;
> /*
> @@ -219,6 +216,9 @@ static int emulate_umip_insn(struct insn *insn, int umip_inst,
> * is always returned irrespective of the operand size.
> */
> if (umip_inst == UMIP_INST_SGDT || umip_inst == UMIP_INST_SIDT) {
> + u64 dummy_base_addr;
> + u16 dummy_limit = 0;
> +
> /* SGDT and SIDT do not use registers operands. */
> if (X86_MODRM_MOD(insn->modrm.value) == 3)
> return -EINVAL;
> @@ -228,13 +228,24 @@ static int emulate_umip_insn(struct insn *insn, int umip_inst,
> else
> dummy_base_addr = UMIP_DUMMY_IDT_BASE;
>
> - *data_size = UMIP_GDT_IDT_LIMIT_SIZE + UMIP_GDT_IDT_BASE_SIZE;

Maybe a blank line here?

Thanks and BR,
Ricardo

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