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SubjectRe: [PATCH 0/6] Address issues with SPDX requirements and PEP-263
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Am 07.09.19 um 18:22 schrieb Mauro Carvalho Chehab:
> Em Sat, 7 Sep 2019 16:36:36 +0200
> Markus Heiser <markus.heiser@darmarit.de> escreveu:
>
>> Am 07.09.19 um 15:34 schrieb Jonathan Corbet:
>>> On Thu, 5 Sep 2019 16:57:47 -0300
>>> Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org> wrote:
>>>
>>>> The description at Documentation/process/license-rules.rst is very strict
>>>> with regards to the position where the SPDX tags should be.
>>>>
>>>> In the past several developers and maintainers interpreted it on a
>>>> more permissive way, placing the SPDX header between lines 1 to 15,
>>>> with are the ones which the scripts/spdxcheck.py script verifies.
>>>>
>>>> However, recently, devs are becoming more strict about such
>>>> requirement and want it to strictly follow the rule, with states that
>>>> the SPDX rule should be at the first line ever on most files, and
>>>> at the second line for scripts.
>>>>
>>>> Well, for Python script, such requirement causes violation to PEP-263,
>>>> making regressions on scripts that contain encoding lines, as PEP-263
>>>> also states about the same.
>>>>
>>>> This series addresses it.
>>>
>>> So I really don't want to be overly difficult here, but I would like to
>>> approach this from yet another angle...
>>>
>>>> Patches 1 to 3 fix some Python scripts that violates PEP-263;
>>>
>>> I just checked all of those scripts, and they are all just plain ASCII.
>>> So it really doesn't matter whether the environment defaults to UTF-8 or
>>> ASCII here. So, in other words, we really shouldn't need to define the
>>> encoding at all.
>
> I'm not a python expert, but, from what I researched, and from what I
> understood from Markus, if a script tries to print an UTF-8 but the
> system's encoding is ASCII (or some other encoding), the python script
> will crash.

An (uncatched) exception is thrown, when writing UTF-8 to a stream which
do not support UTF-8 .. this is not a crash, it mostly indicates that the
developper makes some wrong assumption about the use-case. There exists
also the possibility to encode the UTF-8 to ASCII and replace unknown
code points in the out-stream, or to catch the exception.

But this was only academical, where do we have such problems in practice?

> At least on media, we define that some Kernel strings can be UTF-8.
> See, for example the model field at the media_entity struct:
>
> https://linuxtv.org/downloads/v4l-dvb-apis/kapi/mc-core.html
>
> As stated there:
>
> "media_entity.model must be filled with the device model name as
> a NUL-terminated UTF-8 string. The device/model revision must
> not be stored in this field."
>
> I've no idea if the two perf scripts that contain the encoding data are
> meant to print some strings that may be UTF-8 encoding (like those that
> we have at the media subsystem), or if it is just that whomever added
> were using e-macs and wanted to make his life simpler. As it is better
> to be safe then sorry, on patches 2 and 3, I'm assuming the first case.

Hm, I'am unsure if I understand you correct: Using UTF-8 in the .rst
files are fine .. where do we have scripts generating UTF-8 outputs?
(except the HTML output).

>
> In any case, we do need the encoding line at Sphinx extensions,
> although there, the shebang line is optional.
>
> In other words, we have those alternatives:
>
> 1) Neither shebang nor coding -> SPDX will be at first line;
> 2) shebang + SPDX -> SPDX will be at the second line;
> 3) shebang + coding + SPDX -> SPDX will be at the third line;
> 4) coding + SPDX
>
> This is something that only makes sense for Sphinx extensions.
>
> IMHO, I would place SPDX at the second line too, but I *guess* Python
> may accept it at the first line and would still properly evaluate
> coding (as this technically satisfies the text at PEP-263).

Why you are so restrictive .. what we normal do:

- write a shebang line if this file is called directly from the
command line .. but we do not need shebangs on py modules which
are imported from other modules or scripts

- write a encoding line if it is need or helpful / mostly it is helpful
to know the encoding of a text/code file.

- add a SPDX tag

At the end we will have files with one, two or all three of this lines.
And the oder of this lines is, what I wrote:

>>
>> Thats what I mean [1] .. lets patch the description in the license-rules.rst::
>>
>> - first line for the OS (shebang)
>> - second line for environment (python-encoding, editor-mode, ...)
>> - third and more lines for application (SPDX use) ..
>>
>> [1] https://www.mail-archive.com/linux-doc@vger.kernel.org/msg33240.html
>>
>> -- Markus --
>>
>>> This suggests to me that we're adding a bunch of complications that we
>>> don't necessarily need. What am I missing here?
>>>
>>> Educate me properly and I'll not try to stand in the way of all this...
>>>


It seems like it is not only me who is mising something .. what are
the use-cases we have py-Exceptions, what are the use-cases to be so
restrictive as you described above.

.. or did alice get lost in the cave?

Thanks for your patience with me

-- Markus --

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