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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/1] mm/pgtable/debug: Add test validating architecture page table helpers

On 09/05/2019 02:29 PM, Kirill A. Shutemov wrote:
> On Thu, Sep 05, 2019 at 01:48:27PM +0530, Anshuman Khandual wrote:
>>> What is special about this address? How do you know if it is not occupied
>>> yet?
>> We are creating the page table from scratch after allocating an mm_struct
>> for a given random virtual address 'VADDR_TEST'. Hence nothing is occupied
>> just yet. There is nothing special about this address, just that it tries
>> to ensure the page table entries are being created with some offset from
>> beginning of respective page table page at all levels ? The idea is to
>> have a more representative form of page table structure for test.
> Why P4D_SIZE is missing?

That was an omission even though I was wondering whether it will be
applicable or even make sense on platforms which dont have real P4D.

> Are you sure it will not land into kernel address space on any arch?

Can it even cross user virtual address range with just a single span
at each page table level ? TBH I did not think about that possibility.

> I think more robust way to deal with this would be using
> get_unmapped_area() instead of fixed address.

Makes sense and probably its better to get a virtual address which
is known to have been checked against all boundary conditions. Will
explore around get_unmapped_area() in this regard.

>> This makes sense for runtime cases but there is a problem here.
>> On arm64, pgd_populate() which takes (pud_t *) as last argument instead of
>> (p4d_t *) will fail to build when not wrapped in !__PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED
>> on certain configurations.
>> ./arch/arm64/include/asm/pgalloc.h:81:75: note:
>> expected ‘pud_t *’ {aka ‘struct <anonymous> *’}
>> but argument is of type ‘pgd_t *’ {aka ‘struct <anonymous> *’}
>> static inline void pgd_populate(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgdp, pud_t *pudp)
>> ~~~~~~~^~~~
>> Wondering if this is something to be fixed on arm64 or its more general
>> problem. Will look into this further.
> I think you need wrap this into #ifndef __ARCH_HAS_5LEVEL_HACK.


>>>> + pmd_populate_tests(mm, pmdp, (pgtable_t) page);
>>> This is not correct for architectures that defines pgtable_t as pte_t
>>> pointer, not struct page pointer.
>> Right, a grep on the source confirms that.
>> These platforms define pgtable_t as struct page *
>> arch/alpha/include/asm/page.h:typedef struct page *pgtable_t;
>> arch/arm/include/asm/page.h:typedef struct page *pgtable_t;
>> arch/arm64/include/asm/page.h:typedef struct page *pgtable_t;
>> arch/csky/include/asm/page.h:typedef struct page *pgtable_t;
>> arch/hexagon/include/asm/page.h:typedef struct page *pgtable_t;
>> arch/ia64/include/asm/page.h: typedef struct page *pgtable_t;
>> arch/ia64/include/asm/page.h: typedef struct page *pgtable_t;
>> arch/m68k/include/asm/page.h:typedef struct page *pgtable_t;
>> arch/microblaze/include/asm/page.h:typedef struct page *pgtable_t;
>> arch/mips/include/asm/page.h:typedef struct page *pgtable_t;
>> arch/nds32/include/asm/page.h:typedef struct page *pgtable_t;
>> arch/nios2/include/asm/page.h:typedef struct page *pgtable_t;
>> arch/openrisc/include/asm/page.h:typedef struct page *pgtable_t;
>> arch/parisc/include/asm/page.h:typedef struct page *pgtable_t;
>> arch/riscv/include/asm/page.h:typedef struct page *pgtable_t;
>> arch/sh/include/asm/page.h:typedef struct page *pgtable_t;
>> arch/sparc/include/asm/page_32.h:typedef struct page *pgtable_t;
>> arch/um/include/asm/page.h:typedef struct page *pgtable_t;
>> arch/unicore32/include/asm/page.h:typedef struct page *pgtable_t;
>> arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h:typedef struct page *pgtable_t;
>> arch/xtensa/include/asm/page.h:typedef struct page *pgtable_t;
>> These platforms define pgtable_t as pte_t *
>> arch/arc/include/asm/page.h:typedef pte_t * pgtable_t;
>> arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu.h:typedef pte_t *pgtable_t;
>> arch/s390/include/asm/page.h:typedef pte_t *pgtable_t;
>> arch/sparc/include/asm/page_64.h:typedef pte_t *pgtable_t;
>> Should we need have two pmd_populate_tests() definitions with
>> different arguments (struct page pointer or pte_t pointer) and then
>> call either one after detecting the given platform ?
> Use pte_alloc_one() instead of alloc_mapped_page() to allocate the page
> table.

Right, the PTE page table page should come from pte_alloc_one() instead
directly from a struct page. The functions pte_alloc_one() and pte_free()
operate on (struct page or pte_t) pointers depending applicable pgtable_t
definition (in cases where platform defines otherwise). Will fix it.

>>>> + pud_populate_tests(mm, pudp, pmdp);
>>>> + p4d_populate_tests(mm, p4dp, pudp);
>>>> + pgd_populate_tests(mm, pgdp, p4dp);
>>> This is wrong. All p?dp points to the second entry in page table entry.
>>> This is not valid pointer for page table and triggers p?d_bad() on x86.
>> Yeah these are second entries because of the way we create the page table.
>> But I guess its applicable only to the second argument in all these above
>> cases because the first argument can be any valid entry on previous page
>> table level.
> Yes:
> @@ -397,9 +396,9 @@ static int __init arch_pgtable_tests_init(void)
> pgd_clear_tests(pgdp);
> pmd_populate_tests(mm, pmdp, (pgtable_t) page);
> - pud_populate_tests(mm, pudp, pmdp);
> - p4d_populate_tests(mm, p4dp, pudp);
> - pgd_populate_tests(mm, pgdp, p4dp);
> + pud_populate_tests(mm, pudp, saved_pmdp);
> + p4d_populate_tests(mm, p4dp, saved_pudp);
> + pgd_populate_tests(mm, pgdp, saved_p4dp);


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