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SubjectRe: [PATCH] drm/panfrost: Fix regulator_get_optional() misuse
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(+CC Rob - I'm not sure why he was dropped)

On 05/09/2019 17:34, Mark Brown wrote:
> On Thu, Sep 05, 2019 at 02:02:38PM +0100, Steven Price wrote:
>> On 05/09/2019 13:40, Mark Brown wrote:
>
>>> Is that safe? You can't rely on being able to change voltages even if
>>> there's a physical regulator available, system constraints or the
>>> results of sharing the regulator with other users may prevent changes.
>
>> Perhaps I didn't express myself clearly. I mean that in the case of the
>> Hikey960 it would be convenient to have a "dummy regulator" that simply
>> accepted any change because ultimately Linux doesn't have direct control
>> of the voltages but simply requests a particular operating frequency via
>> the mailbox.
>
> There's more platforms than just HiKey supported here though, I'm pretty
> sure some of them don't have the regulator under firmware control (and
> HiKey doesn't seem to have this device enabled upstream at all?).

Yes there are platforms that have a regulator under Linux's control. On
those devm_regulator_get(_optional) will of course return that regulator
and the panfrost driver will use regulator_set_voltage() to set the
voltage as appropriate.

You are also correct that HiKey does not (yet) have this enabled
upstream - hence my questions about whether there is a better way of
representing this in device tree than just omitting the regulator.

>>> I guess at the minute the code is assuming that if you can't vary the
>>> regulator it's fixed at the maximum voltage and that it's safe to run at
>>> a lower clock with a higher voltage (some devices don't like doing that).
>
>> No - at the moment if the regulator reports an error then the function
>> bails out and doesn't change the frequency.
>
> I'm talking about the case where you didn't get a regulator at all where
> it won't even try to set anything (ie, current behaviour).

Ok, the current code in drm-misc will indeed not try to set anything if
there's no regulator.

>>> I do note that the current code requires exactly specified voltages with
>>> no variation which doesn't match the behaviour you say you're OK with
>>> here, what you're describing sounds like the driver should be specifying
>>> a voltage range from the hardware specified maximum down to whatever the
>>> minimum the OPP supports rather than exactly the OPP voltage. As things
>>> are you might also run into voltages that can't be hit exactly (eg, in
>>> the Exynos 5433 case in mainline a regulator that only offers steps of
>>> 2mV will error out trying to set several of the OPPs).
>
>> Perhaps there's a better way of doing devfreq? Panfrost itself doesn't
>> really care must about this - we just need to be able to scaling up/down
>> the operating point depending on load.
>
> The idiomatic thing for this sort of usage would be to set the voltage
> to a range between the minimum voltage the OPP can support and the
> maximum the hardware can support. That's basically saying "try to set
> the voltage to the lowest thing between this minimum and maximum" which
> seems to be about what you're asking for here.

It's not my present concern - but it may be worth changing the calls to
regulator_set_voltage to specify a range as you suggest.

>> On many platforms to set the frequency it's necessary to do the dance to
>> set an appropriate voltage before/afterwards, but on the Hikey960
>> because this is handled via a mailbox we don't actually have a regulator
>> to set the voltage on. My commit[1] supports this by simply not listing
>> the regulator in the DT and assuming that nothing is needed when
>> switching frequency. I'm happy for some other way of handling this if
>> there's a better method.
>
>> At the moment your change from devm_regulator_get_optional() to
>> devm_regulator_get() is a regression on this platform because it means
>> there is now a dummy regulator which will always fail the
>> regulator_set_voltage() calls preventing frequency changes. And I can't
>> see anything I can do in the DT to fix that.
>
> Like I say that system doesn't have any enablement at all for thse
> devices upstream that I can see, the only thing with any OPPs is the
> Exynos 5433 which does have a regulator.
>
> The simplest thing to do what you're trying to do inside the driver is
> the approach I suggested in my previous mail with checking to see what
> voltages are actually supported on the system and do something with
> that information, I'd recommend eliminating individual OPPs if some are
> supported or just never doing any regulator configuration if none can be
> set.

The problem on the Hikey960 is that the voltage control is not done by
Linux. At the moment I have a DT with a set of operating-points:

operating-points = <
/* <frequency> <voltage>*/
178000 650000
400000 700000
533000 800000
807000 900000
960000 1000000
1037000 1100000
>;

But while Linux can set the frequency (via the mailbox interface) the
voltages are not set by Linux but are implicit by choosing a frequency.
At the moment my DT has a clock but no regulator and with the code in
drm-next this works.

Your change swapping devm_regulator_get_optional() to
devm_regulator_get() breaks this because that will return a dummy
regulator which will reject any regulator_set_voltage() calls.

I don't currently see how I can write a DT configuration for the
Hikey960 which would work with the devm_regulator_get() call.

> However you're probably better off hiding all this stuff with the
> generic OPP code rather than open coding it - this already has much
> better handling for this, it supports voltage ranges rather than single
> voltages and optional regulators already. I'm not 100% clear why this
> is open coded TBH but I might be missing something, if there's some
> restriction preventing the generic code being used it seems like those
> sohuld be fixed.

To be honest I've no idea how to use the generic OPP code to do this. I
suspect the original open coding was cargo-culted from another driver:
the comments in the function look like they were lifted from
drivers/devfreq/rk3399_dmc.c. Any help tidying this up would be appreciated.

> In the short term I'd also strongly suggest adding documentation to the
> code so it's clear that there's some intentionality to this, at the
> minute it does not appear at all intentional.

Good point - although if it's possible to switch to generic OPP code
that would be even better.

Thanks,

Steve

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