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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH v2] mm: initialize struct pages reserved by ZONE_DEVICE driver.
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On 06.09.19 10:09, Toshiki Fukasawa wrote:
> A kernel panic is observed during reading
> /proc/kpage{cgroup,count,flags} for first few pfns allocated by
> pmem namespace:
>
> BUG: unable to handle page fault for address: fffffffffffffffe
> [ 114.495280] #PF: supervisor read access in kernel mode
> [ 114.495738] #PF: error_code(0x0000) - not-present page
> [ 114.496203] PGD 17120e067 P4D 17120e067 PUD 171210067 PMD 0
> [ 114.496713] Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP PTI
> [ 114.497037] CPU: 9 PID: 1202 Comm: page-types Not tainted 5.3.0-rc1
> [ 114.497621] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS rel-1.11.0-0-g63451fca13-prebuilt.qemu-project.org 04/01/2014
> [ 114.498706] RIP: 0010:stable_page_flags+0x27/0x3f0
> [ 114.499142] Code: 82 66 90 66 66 66 66 90 48 85 ff 0f 84 d1 03 00 00 41 54 55 48 89 fd 53 48 8b 57 08 48 8b 1f 48 8d 42 ff 83 e2 01 48 0f 44 c7 <48> 8b 00 f6 c4 02 0f 84 57 03 00 00 45 31 e4 48 8b 55 08 48 89 ef
> [ 114.500788] RSP: 0018:ffffa5e601a0fe60 EFLAGS: 00010202
> [ 114.501373] RAX: fffffffffffffffe RBX: ffffffffffffffff RCX: 0000000000000000
> [ 114.502009] RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 00007ffca13a7310 RDI: ffffd07489000000
> [ 114.502637] RBP: ffffd07489000000 R08: 0000000000000001 R09: 0000000000000000
> [ 114.503270] R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: 0000000000240000
> [ 114.503896] R13: 0000000000080000 R14: 00007ffca13a7310 R15: ffffa5e601a0ff08
> [ 114.504530] FS: 00007f0266c7f540(0000) GS:ffff962dbbac0000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
> [ 114.505245] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> [ 114.505754] CR2: fffffffffffffffe CR3: 000000023a204000 CR4: 00000000000006e0
> [ 114.506401] Call Trace:
> [ 114.506660] kpageflags_read+0xb1/0x130
> [ 114.507051] proc_reg_read+0x39/0x60
> [ 114.507387] vfs_read+0x8a/0x140
> [ 114.507686] ksys_pread64+0x61/0xa0
> [ 114.508021] do_syscall_64+0x5f/0x1a0
> [ 114.508372] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
> [ 114.508844] RIP: 0033:0x7f0266ba426b
>
> The first few pages of ZONE_DEVICE expressed as the range
> (altmap->base_pfn) to (altmap->base_pfn + altmap->reserve) are
> skipped by struct page initialization. Some pfn walkers like
> /proc/kpage{cgroup, count, flags} can't handle these uninitialized
> struct pages, which causes the error.
>
> In previous discussion, Dan seemed to have concern that the struct
> page area of some pages indicated by vmem_altmap->reserve may not
> be allocated. (See https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CAPcyv4i5FjTOnPbXNcTzvt+e6RQYow0JRQwSFuxaa62LSuvzHQ@mail.gmail.com/)
> However, arch_add_memory() called by devm_memremap_pages() allocates
> struct page area for pages containing addresses in the range
> (res.start) to (res.start + resource_size(res)), which include the
> pages indicated by vmem_altmap->reserve. If I read correctly, it is
> allocated as requested at least on x86_64. Also, memmap_init_zone()
> initializes struct pages in the same range.
> So I think the struct pages should be initialized.>

For !ZONE_DEVICE memory, the memmap is valid with SECTION_IS_ONLINE -
for the whole section. For ZONE_DEVICE memory we have no such
indication. In any section that is !SECTION_IS_ONLINE and
SECTION_MARKED_PRESENT, we could have any subsections initialized.

The only indication I am aware of is pfn_zone_device_reserved() - which
seems to check exactly what you are trying to skip here.

Can't you somehow use pfn_zone_device_reserved() ? Or if you considered
that already, why did you decide against it?

> Signed-off-by: Toshiki Fukasawa <t-fukasawa@vx.jp.nec.com>
> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
> ---
> Changes since rev 1:
> Instead of avoiding uninitialized pages on the pfn walker side,
> we initialize struct pages.
>
> mm/page_alloc.c | 5 +----
> 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 4 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index 9c91949..6d180ae 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -5846,8 +5846,7 @@ void __meminit memmap_init_zone(unsigned long size, int nid, unsigned long zone,
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE
> /*
> - * Honor reservation requested by the driver for this ZONE_DEVICE
> - * memory. We limit the total number of pages to initialize to just
> + * We limit the total number of pages to initialize to just
> * those that might contain the memory mapping. We will defer the
> * ZONE_DEVICE page initialization until after we have released
> * the hotplug lock.
> @@ -5856,8 +5855,6 @@ void __meminit memmap_init_zone(unsigned long size, int nid, unsigned long zone,
> if (!altmap)
> return;
>
> - if (start_pfn == altmap->base_pfn)
> - start_pfn += altmap->reserve;
> end_pfn = altmap->base_pfn + vmem_altmap_offset(altmap);
> }
> #endif
>


--

Thanks,

David / dhildenb

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