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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/1] KVM: inject data abort if instruction cannot be decoded
On Thu, Sep 05, 2019 at 02:09:18PM +0100, Marc Zyngier wrote:
> On 05/09/2019 10:22, Christoffer Dall wrote:
> > On Thu, Sep 05, 2019 at 09:56:44AM +0100, Peter Maydell wrote:
> >> On Thu, 5 Sep 2019 at 09:52, Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org> wrote:
> >>>
> >>> On Thu, 05 Sep 2019 09:16:54 +0100,
> >>> Peter Maydell <peter.maydell@linaro.org> wrote:
> >>>> This is true, but the problem is that barfing out to userspace
> >>>> makes it harder to debug the guest because it means that
> >>>> the VM is immediately destroyed, whereas AIUI if we
> >>>> inject some kind of exception then (assuming you're set up
> >>>> to do kernel-debug via gdbstub) you can actually examine
> >>>> the offending guest code with a debugger because at least
> >>>> your VM is still around to inspect...
> >>>
> >>> To Christoffer's point, I find the benefit a bit dubious. Yes, you get
> >>> an exception, but the instruction that caused it may be completely
> >>> legal (store with post-increment, for example), leading to an even
> >>> more puzzled developer (that exception should never have been
> >>> delivered the first place).
> >>
> >> Right, but the combination of "host kernel prints a message
> >> about an unsupported load/store insn" and "within-guest debug
> >> dump/stack trace/etc" is much more useful than just having
> >> "host kernel prints message" and "QEMU exits"; and it requires
> >> about 3 lines of code change...
> >>
> >>> I'm far more in favour of dumping the state of the access in the run
> >>> structure (much like we do for a MMIO access) and let userspace do
> >>> something about it (such as dumping information on the console or
> >>> breaking). It could even inject an exception *if* the user has asked
> >>> for it.
> >>
> >> ...whereas this requires agreement on a kernel-userspace API,
> >> larger changes in the kernel, somebody to implement the userspace
> >> side of things, and the user to update both the kernel and QEMU.
> >> It's hard for me to see that the benefit here over the 3-line
> >> approach really outweighs the extra effort needed. In practice
> >> saying "we should do this" is saying "we're going to do nothing",
> >> based on the historical record.
> >>
> >
> > How about something like the following (completely untested, liable for
> > ABI discussions etc. etc., but for illustration purposes).
> >
> > I think it raises the question (and likely many other) of whether we can
> > break the existing 'ABI' and change behavior for missing ISV
> > retrospectively for legacy user space when the issue has occurred?
> >
> > Someone might have written code that reacts to the -ENOSYS, so I've
> > taken the conservative approach for this for the time being.
> >
> >
> > diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> > index 8a37c8e89777..19a92c49039c 100644
> > --- a/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> > +++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> > @@ -76,6 +76,14 @@ struct kvm_arch {
> >
> > /* Mandated version of PSCI */
> > u32 psci_version;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * If we encounter a data abort without valid instruction syndrome
> > + * information, report this to user space. User space can (and
> > + * should) opt in to this feature if KVM_CAP_ARM_NISV_TO_USER is
> > + * supported.
> > + */
> > + bool return_nisv_io_abort_to_user;
> > };
> >
> > #define KVM_NR_MEM_OBJS 40
> > diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> > index f656169db8c3..019bc560edc1 100644
> > --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> > +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> > @@ -83,6 +83,14 @@ struct kvm_arch {
> >
> > /* Mandated version of PSCI */
> > u32 psci_version;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * If we encounter a data abort without valid instruction syndrome
> > + * information, report this to user space. User space can (and
> > + * should) opt in to this feature if KVM_CAP_ARM_NISV_TO_USER is
> > + * supported.
> > + */
> > + bool return_nisv_io_abort_to_user;
> > };
> >
> > #define KVM_NR_MEM_OBJS 40
> > diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h b/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
> > index 5e3f12d5359e..a4dd004d0db9 100644
> > --- a/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
> > +++ b/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
> > @@ -235,6 +235,7 @@ struct kvm_hyperv_exit {
> > #define KVM_EXIT_S390_STSI 25
> > #define KVM_EXIT_IOAPIC_EOI 26
> > #define KVM_EXIT_HYPERV 27
> > +#define KVM_EXIT_ARM_NISV 28
> >
> > /* For KVM_EXIT_INTERNAL_ERROR */
> > /* Emulate instruction failed. */
> > @@ -996,6 +997,7 @@ struct kvm_ppc_resize_hpt {
> > #define KVM_CAP_ARM_PTRAUTH_ADDRESS 171
> > #define KVM_CAP_ARM_PTRAUTH_GENERIC 172
> > #define KVM_CAP_PMU_EVENT_FILTER 173
> > +#define KVM_CAP_ARM_NISV_TO_USER 174
> >
> > #ifdef KVM_CAP_IRQ_ROUTING
> >
> > diff --git a/virt/kvm/arm/arm.c b/virt/kvm/arm/arm.c
> > index 35a069815baf..2ce94bd9d4a9 100644
> > --- a/virt/kvm/arm/arm.c
> > +++ b/virt/kvm/arm/arm.c
> > @@ -98,6 +98,26 @@ int kvm_arch_check_processor_compat(void)
> > return 0;
> > }
> >
> > +int kvm_vm_ioctl_enable_cap(struct kvm *kvm,
> > + struct kvm_enable_cap *cap)
> > +{
> > + int r;
> > +
> > + if (cap->flags)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + switch (cap->cap) {
> > + case KVM_CAP_ARM_NISV_TO_USER:
> > + r = 0;
> > + kvm->arch.return_nisv_io_abort_to_user = true;
> > + break;
> > + default:
> > + r = -EINVAL;
> > + break;
> > + }
> > +
> > + return r;
> > +}
> >
> > /**
> > * kvm_arch_init_vm - initializes a VM data structure
> > @@ -196,6 +216,7 @@ int kvm_vm_ioctl_check_extension(struct kvm *kvm, long ext)
> > case KVM_CAP_MP_STATE:
> > case KVM_CAP_IMMEDIATE_EXIT:
> > case KVM_CAP_VCPU_EVENTS:
> > + case KVM_CAP_ARM_NISV_TO_USER:
> > r = 1;
> > break;
> > case KVM_CAP_ARM_SET_DEVICE_ADDR:
> > @@ -673,6 +694,8 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_run(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run)
> > ret = kvm_handle_mmio_return(vcpu, vcpu->run);
> > if (ret)
> > return ret;
> > + } else if (run->exit_reason == KVM_EXIT_ARM_NISV) {
> > + kvm_inject_undefined(vcpu);
>
> Just to make sure I understand: Is the expectation here that userspace
> could clear the exit reason if it managed to handle the exit? And
> otherwise we'd inject an UNDEF on reentry?
>

Yes, but I think we should change that to an external abort. I'll test
something and send a proper patch with more clear documentation.

> > }
> >
> > if (run->immediate_exit)
> > diff --git a/virt/kvm/arm/mmio.c b/virt/kvm/arm/mmio.c
> > index 6af5c91337f2..62e6ef47a6de 100644
> > --- a/virt/kvm/arm/mmio.c
> > +++ b/virt/kvm/arm/mmio.c
> > @@ -167,8 +167,15 @@ int io_mem_abort(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run,
> > if (ret)
> > return ret;
> > } else {
> > - kvm_err("load/store instruction decoding not implemented\n");
> > - return -ENOSYS;
> > + if (vcpu->kvm->arch.return_nisv_io_abort_to_user) {
> > + run->exit_reason = KVM_EXIT_ARM_NISV;
> > + run->mmio.phys_addr = fault_ipa;
>
> We could also record whether that's a read or a write (WnR should still
> be valid). Actually, we could store a sanitized version of the ESR.
>

Ah yes, I'll incorporate that.

> > + vcpu->stat.mmio_exit_user++;
> > + return 0;
> > + } else {
> > + kvm_info("encountered data abort without syndrome info\n");
>
> My only issue with this is that the previous message has been sort of
> documented...

Well, my main gripe with the current code is that the error message is
massively misleading because it explains one possible case, which is
very "kernel part of a KVM VM centric" and is actually not the common
scenario that people encounter.

Let me work on the particular wording of the error message and see if I
can achieve something self-documenting.


Thanks,

Christoffer

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