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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/1] KVM: inject data abort if instruction cannot be decoded
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On 05/09/2019 10:22, Christoffer Dall wrote:
> On Thu, Sep 05, 2019 at 09:56:44AM +0100, Peter Maydell wrote:
>> On Thu, 5 Sep 2019 at 09:52, Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org> wrote:
>>>
>>> On Thu, 05 Sep 2019 09:16:54 +0100,
>>> Peter Maydell <peter.maydell@linaro.org> wrote:
>>>> This is true, but the problem is that barfing out to userspace
>>>> makes it harder to debug the guest because it means that
>>>> the VM is immediately destroyed, whereas AIUI if we
>>>> inject some kind of exception then (assuming you're set up
>>>> to do kernel-debug via gdbstub) you can actually examine
>>>> the offending guest code with a debugger because at least
>>>> your VM is still around to inspect...
>>>
>>> To Christoffer's point, I find the benefit a bit dubious. Yes, you get
>>> an exception, but the instruction that caused it may be completely
>>> legal (store with post-increment, for example), leading to an even
>>> more puzzled developer (that exception should never have been
>>> delivered the first place).
>>
>> Right, but the combination of "host kernel prints a message
>> about an unsupported load/store insn" and "within-guest debug
>> dump/stack trace/etc" is much more useful than just having
>> "host kernel prints message" and "QEMU exits"; and it requires
>> about 3 lines of code change...
>>
>>> I'm far more in favour of dumping the state of the access in the run
>>> structure (much like we do for a MMIO access) and let userspace do
>>> something about it (such as dumping information on the console or
>>> breaking). It could even inject an exception *if* the user has asked
>>> for it.
>>
>> ...whereas this requires agreement on a kernel-userspace API,
>> larger changes in the kernel, somebody to implement the userspace
>> side of things, and the user to update both the kernel and QEMU.
>> It's hard for me to see that the benefit here over the 3-line
>> approach really outweighs the extra effort needed. In practice
>> saying "we should do this" is saying "we're going to do nothing",
>> based on the historical record.
>>
>
> How about something like the following (completely untested, liable for
> ABI discussions etc. etc., but for illustration purposes).
>
> I think it raises the question (and likely many other) of whether we can
> break the existing 'ABI' and change behavior for missing ISV
> retrospectively for legacy user space when the issue has occurred?
>
> Someone might have written code that reacts to the -ENOSYS, so I've
> taken the conservative approach for this for the time being.
>
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> index 8a37c8e89777..19a92c49039c 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> @@ -76,6 +76,14 @@ struct kvm_arch {
>
> /* Mandated version of PSCI */
> u32 psci_version;
> +
> + /*
> + * If we encounter a data abort without valid instruction syndrome
> + * information, report this to user space. User space can (and
> + * should) opt in to this feature if KVM_CAP_ARM_NISV_TO_USER is
> + * supported.
> + */
> + bool return_nisv_io_abort_to_user;
> };
>
> #define KVM_NR_MEM_OBJS 40
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> index f656169db8c3..019bc560edc1 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> @@ -83,6 +83,14 @@ struct kvm_arch {
>
> /* Mandated version of PSCI */
> u32 psci_version;
> +
> + /*
> + * If we encounter a data abort without valid instruction syndrome
> + * information, report this to user space. User space can (and
> + * should) opt in to this feature if KVM_CAP_ARM_NISV_TO_USER is
> + * supported.
> + */
> + bool return_nisv_io_abort_to_user;
> };
>
> #define KVM_NR_MEM_OBJS 40
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h b/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
> index 5e3f12d5359e..a4dd004d0db9 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
> @@ -235,6 +235,7 @@ struct kvm_hyperv_exit {
> #define KVM_EXIT_S390_STSI 25
> #define KVM_EXIT_IOAPIC_EOI 26
> #define KVM_EXIT_HYPERV 27
> +#define KVM_EXIT_ARM_NISV 28
>
> /* For KVM_EXIT_INTERNAL_ERROR */
> /* Emulate instruction failed. */
> @@ -996,6 +997,7 @@ struct kvm_ppc_resize_hpt {
> #define KVM_CAP_ARM_PTRAUTH_ADDRESS 171
> #define KVM_CAP_ARM_PTRAUTH_GENERIC 172
> #define KVM_CAP_PMU_EVENT_FILTER 173
> +#define KVM_CAP_ARM_NISV_TO_USER 174
>
> #ifdef KVM_CAP_IRQ_ROUTING
>
> diff --git a/virt/kvm/arm/arm.c b/virt/kvm/arm/arm.c
> index 35a069815baf..2ce94bd9d4a9 100644
> --- a/virt/kvm/arm/arm.c
> +++ b/virt/kvm/arm/arm.c
> @@ -98,6 +98,26 @@ int kvm_arch_check_processor_compat(void)
> return 0;
> }
>
> +int kvm_vm_ioctl_enable_cap(struct kvm *kvm,
> + struct kvm_enable_cap *cap)
> +{
> + int r;
> +
> + if (cap->flags)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + switch (cap->cap) {
> + case KVM_CAP_ARM_NISV_TO_USER:
> + r = 0;
> + kvm->arch.return_nisv_io_abort_to_user = true;
> + break;
> + default:
> + r = -EINVAL;
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + return r;
> +}
>
> /**
> * kvm_arch_init_vm - initializes a VM data structure
> @@ -196,6 +216,7 @@ int kvm_vm_ioctl_check_extension(struct kvm *kvm, long ext)
> case KVM_CAP_MP_STATE:
> case KVM_CAP_IMMEDIATE_EXIT:
> case KVM_CAP_VCPU_EVENTS:
> + case KVM_CAP_ARM_NISV_TO_USER:
> r = 1;
> break;
> case KVM_CAP_ARM_SET_DEVICE_ADDR:
> @@ -673,6 +694,8 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_run(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run)
> ret = kvm_handle_mmio_return(vcpu, vcpu->run);
> if (ret)
> return ret;
> + } else if (run->exit_reason == KVM_EXIT_ARM_NISV) {
> + kvm_inject_undefined(vcpu);

Just to make sure I understand: Is the expectation here that userspace
could clear the exit reason if it managed to handle the exit? And
otherwise we'd inject an UNDEF on reentry?

> }
>
> if (run->immediate_exit)
> diff --git a/virt/kvm/arm/mmio.c b/virt/kvm/arm/mmio.c
> index 6af5c91337f2..62e6ef47a6de 100644
> --- a/virt/kvm/arm/mmio.c
> +++ b/virt/kvm/arm/mmio.c
> @@ -167,8 +167,15 @@ int io_mem_abort(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run,
> if (ret)
> return ret;
> } else {
> - kvm_err("load/store instruction decoding not implemented\n");
> - return -ENOSYS;
> + if (vcpu->kvm->arch.return_nisv_io_abort_to_user) {
> + run->exit_reason = KVM_EXIT_ARM_NISV;
> + run->mmio.phys_addr = fault_ipa;

We could also record whether that's a read or a write (WnR should still
be valid). Actually, we could store a sanitized version of the ESR.

> + vcpu->stat.mmio_exit_user++;
> + return 0;
> + } else {
> + kvm_info("encountered data abort without syndrome info\n");

My only issue with this is that the previous message has been sort of
documented...

Thanks,

M.
--
Jazz is not dead, it just smells funny...

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