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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 1/9] sched,cgroup: Add interface for latency-nice
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We already commented on adding the cgroup API after the per-task API.

However, for the cgroup bits will be super important to have

[ +tejun ]

in CC since here we are at discussing the idea to add a new cpu
controller's attribute.

There are opinions about which kind of attributes can be added to
cgroups and I'm sure a "latency-nice" attribute will generate an
interesting discussion. :)

LPC is coming up, perhaps we can get the chance to have a chat with
Tejun about the manoeuvring space in this area.

On Fri, Aug 30, 2019 at 18:49:36 +0100, subhra mazumdar wrote...

> Add Cgroup interface for latency-nice. Each CPU Cgroup adds a new file
> "latency-nice" which is shared by all the threads in that Cgroup.
>
> Signed-off-by: subhra mazumdar <subhra.mazumdar@oracle.com>
> ---
> include/linux/sched.h | 1 +
> kernel/sched/core.c | 40 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> kernel/sched/fair.c | 1 +
> kernel/sched/sched.h | 8 ++++++++
> 4 files changed, 50 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
> index 1183741..b4a79c3 100644
> --- a/include/linux/sched.h
> +++ b/include/linux/sched.h
> @@ -631,6 +631,7 @@ struct task_struct {
> int static_prio;
> int normal_prio;
> unsigned int rt_priority;
> + u64 latency_nice;

I guess we can save some bit here... or, if we are very brave, maybe we
can explore the possibility to pack all prios into a single u64?

( ( (tomatoes target here) ) )

> const struct sched_class *sched_class;
> struct sched_entity se;
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
> index 874c427..47969bc 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/core.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
> @@ -5976,6 +5976,7 @@ void __init sched_init(void)
> init_dl_rq(&rq->dl);
> #ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
> root_task_group.shares = ROOT_TASK_GROUP_LOAD;
> + root_task_group.latency_nice = LATENCY_NICE_DEFAULT;
> INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rq->leaf_cfs_rq_list);
> rq->tmp_alone_branch = &rq->leaf_cfs_rq_list;
> /*
> @@ -6345,6 +6346,7 @@ static void sched_change_group(struct task_struct *tsk, int type)
> */
> tg = container_of(task_css_check(tsk, cpu_cgrp_id, true),
> struct task_group, css);
> + tsk->latency_nice = tg->latency_nice;
> tg = autogroup_task_group(tsk, tg);
> tsk->sched_task_group = tg;
>
> @@ -6812,6 +6814,34 @@ static u64 cpu_rt_period_read_uint(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> }
> #endif /* CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED */
>
> +static u64 cpu_latency_nice_read_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> + struct cftype *cft)
> +{
> + struct task_group *tg = css_tg(css);
> +
> + return tg->latency_nice;
> +}
> +
> +static int cpu_latency_nice_write_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> + struct cftype *cft, u64 latency_nice)
> +{
> + struct task_group *tg = css_tg(css);
> + struct css_task_iter it;
> + struct task_struct *p;
> +
> + if (latency_nice < LATENCY_NICE_MIN || latency_nice > LATENCY_NICE_MAX)
> + return -ERANGE;
> +
> + tg->latency_nice = latency_nice;
> +
> + css_task_iter_start(css, 0, &it);
> + while ((p = css_task_iter_next(&it)))
> + p->latency_nice = latency_nice;

Once (and if) the cgroup API is added we can avoid this (potentially
massive) "update on write" in favour of an "on demand composition at
wakeup-time".

We don't care about updating the latency-nice of NON RUNNABLE tasks,
do we?

AFAIK, we need that value only (or mostly) at wakeup time. Thus, when a
task wakeup up we can easily compose (and eventually cache) it's
current latency-nice value by considering, in priority order:

- the system wide upper-bound
- the task group restriction
- the task specific relaxation

Something similar to what we already do for uclamp composition with this
patch currently in tip/sched/core:

commit 3eac870a3247 ("sched/uclamp: Use TG's clamps to restrict TASK's clamps")


> + css_task_iter_end(&it);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> static struct cftype cpu_legacy_files[] = {
> #ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
> {
> @@ -6848,6 +6878,11 @@ static struct cftype cpu_legacy_files[] = {
> .write_u64 = cpu_rt_period_write_uint,
> },
> #endif
> + {
> + .name = "latency-nice",
> + .read_u64 = cpu_latency_nice_read_u64,
> + .write_u64 = cpu_latency_nice_write_u64,
> + },
> { } /* Terminate */
> };
>
> @@ -7015,6 +7050,11 @@ static struct cftype cpu_files[] = {
> .write = cpu_max_write,
> },
> #endif
> + {
> + .name = "latency-nice",
> + .read_u64 = cpu_latency_nice_read_u64,
> + .write_u64 = cpu_latency_nice_write_u64,
> + },
> { } /* terminate */
> };
>
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
> index f35930f..b08d00c 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
> @@ -10479,6 +10479,7 @@ int alloc_fair_sched_group(struct task_group *tg, struct task_group *parent)
> goto err;
>
> tg->shares = NICE_0_LOAD;
> + tg->latency_nice = LATENCY_NICE_DEFAULT;
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Maybe better NICE_0_LATENCY to be more consistent?


> init_cfs_bandwidth(tg_cfs_bandwidth(tg));
>
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
> index b52ed1a..365c928 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
> +++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
> @@ -143,6 +143,13 @@ static inline void cpu_load_update_active(struct rq *this_rq) { }
> #define NICE_0_LOAD (1L << NICE_0_LOAD_SHIFT)
>
> /*
> + * Latency-nice default value
> + */
> +#define LATENCY_NICE_DEFAULT 5
> +#define LATENCY_NICE_MIN 1
> +#define LATENCY_NICE_MAX 100

Values 1 and 5 looks kind of arbitrary.
For the range specifically, I already commented in this other message:

Message-ID: <87r24v2i14.fsf@arm.com>
https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/87r24v2i14.fsf@arm.com/

> +
> +/*
> * Single value that decides SCHED_DEADLINE internal math precision.
> * 10 -> just above 1us
> * 9 -> just above 0.5us
> @@ -362,6 +369,7 @@ struct cfs_bandwidth {
> /* Task group related information */
> struct task_group {
> struct cgroup_subsys_state css;
> + u64 latency_nice;
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
> /* schedulable entities of this group on each CPU */


Best,
Patrick

--
#include <best/regards.h>

Patrick Bellasi

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