lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2019]   [Sep]   [5]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
From
Date
SubjectRe: [PATCH RESEND] fs/epoll: fix the edge-triggered mode for nested epoll
Hi,

On Thu, Sep 5, 2019 at 10:53 AM Heiher <r@hev.cc> wrote:
>
> Hi,
>
> I created an epoll wakeup test project, listed some possible cases,
> and any other corner cases needs to be added?
>
> https://github.com/heiher/epoll-wakeup/blob/master/README.md
>
> On Wed, Sep 4, 2019 at 10:02 PM Heiher <r@hev.cc> wrote:
> >
> > Hi,
> >
> > On Wed, Sep 4, 2019 at 8:02 PM Jason Baron <jbaron@akamai.com> wrote:
> > >
> > >
> > >
> > > On 9/4/19 5:57 AM, Roman Penyaev wrote:
> > > > On 2019-09-03 23:08, Jason Baron wrote:
> > > >> On 9/2/19 11:36 AM, Roman Penyaev wrote:
> > > >>> Hi,
> > > >>>
> > > >>> This is indeed a bug. (quick side note: could you please remove efd[1]
> > > >>> from your test, because it is not related to the reproduction of a
> > > >>> current bug).
> > > >>>
> > > >>> Your patch lacks a good description, what exactly you've fixed. Let
> > > >>> me speak out loud and please correct me if I'm wrong, my understanding
> > > >>> of epoll internals has become a bit rusty: when epoll fds are nested
> > > >>> an attempt to harvest events (ep_scan_ready_list() call) produces a
> > > >>> second (repeated) event from an internal fd up to an external fd:
> > > >>>
> > > >>> epoll_wait(efd[0], ...):
> > > >>> ep_send_events():
> > > >>> ep_scan_ready_list(depth=0):
> > > >>> ep_send_events_proc():
> > > >>> ep_item_poll():
> > > >>> ep_scan_ready_list(depth=1):
> > > >>> ep_poll_safewake():
> > > >>> ep_poll_callback()
> > > >>> list_add_tail(&epi, &epi->rdllist);
> > > >>> ^^^^^^
> > > >>> repeated event
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>> In your patch you forbid wakeup for the cases, where depth != 0, i.e.
> > > >>> for all nested cases. That seems clear. But what if we can go further
> > > >>> and remove the whole chunk, which seems excessive:
> > > >>>
> > > >>> @@ -885,26 +886,11 @@ static __poll_t ep_scan_ready_list(struct
> > > >>> eventpoll *ep,
> > > >>>
> > > >>> -
> > > >>> - if (!list_empty(&ep->rdllist)) {
> > > >>> - /*
> > > >>> - * Wake up (if active) both the eventpoll wait list and
> > > >>> - * the ->poll() wait list (delayed after we release the
> > > >>> lock).
> > > >>> - */
> > > >>> - if (waitqueue_active(&ep->wq))
> > > >>> - wake_up(&ep->wq);
> > > >>> - if (waitqueue_active(&ep->poll_wait))
> > > >>> - pwake++;
> > > >>> - }
> > > >>> write_unlock_irq(&ep->lock);
> > > >>>
> > > >>> if (!ep_locked)
> > > >>> mutex_unlock(&ep->mtx);
> > > >>>
> > > >>> - /* We have to call this outside the lock */
> > > >>> - if (pwake)
> > > >>> - ep_poll_safewake(&ep->poll_wait);
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>> I reason like that: by the time we've reached the point of scanning events
> > > >>> for readiness all wakeups from ep_poll_callback have been already fired and
> > > >>> new events have been already accounted in ready list (ep_poll_callback()
> > > >>> calls
> > > >>> the same ep_poll_safewake()). Here, frankly, I'm not 100% sure and probably
> > > >>> missing some corner cases.
> > > >>>
> > > >>> Thoughts?
> > > >>
> > > >> So the: 'wake_up(&ep->wq);' part, I think is about waking up other
> > > >> threads that may be in waiting in epoll_wait(). For example, there may
> > > >> be multiple threads doing epoll_wait() on the same epoll fd, and the
> > > >> logic above seems to say thread 1 may have processed say N events and
> > > >> now its going to to go off to work those, so let's wake up thread 2 now
> > > >> to handle the next chunk.
> > > >
> > > > Not quite. Thread which calls ep_scan_ready_list() processes all the
> > > > events, and while processing those, removes them one by one from the
> > > > ready list. But if event mask is !0 and event belongs to
> > > > Level Triggered Mode descriptor (let's say default mode) it tails event
> > > > again back to the list (because we are in level mode, so event should
> > > > be there). So at the end of this traversing loop ready list is likely
> > > > not empty, and if so, wake up again is called for nested epoll fds.
> > > > But, those nested epoll fds should get already all the notifications
> > > > from the main event callback ep_poll_callback(), regardless any thread
> > > > which traverses events.
> > > >
> > > > I suppose this logic exists for decades, when Davide (the author) was
> > > > reshuffling the code here and there.
> > > >
> > > > But I do not feel confidence to state that this extra wakeup is bogus,
> > > > I just have a gut feeling that it looks excessive.
> > >
> > > Note that I was talking about the wakeup done on ep->wq not ep->poll_wait.
> > > The path that I'm concerned about is let's say that there are N events
> > > queued on the ready list. A thread that was woken up in epoll_wait may
> > > decide to only process say N/2 of then. Then it will call wakeup on ep->wq
> > > and this will wakeup another thread to process the remaining N/2. Without
> > > the wakeup, the original thread isn't going to process the events until
> > > it finishes with the original N/2 and gets back to epoll_wait(). So I'm not
> > > sure how important that path is but I wanted to at least note the change
> > > here would impact that behavior.
> > >
> > > Thanks,
> > >
> > > -Jason
> > >
> > >
> > > >
> > > >> So I think removing all that even for the
> > > >> depth 0 case is going to change some behavior here. So perhaps, it
> > > >> should be removed for all depths except for 0? And if so, it may be
> > > >> better to make 2 patches here to separate these changes.
> > > >>
> > > >> For the nested wakeups, I agree that the extra wakeups seem unnecessary
> > > >> and it may make sense to remove them for all depths. I don't think the
> > > >> nested epoll semantics are particularly well spelled out, and afaict,
> > > >> nested epoll() has behaved this way for quite some time. And the current
> > > >> behavior is not bad in the way that a missing wakeup or false negative
> > > >> would be.
> > > >
> > > > That's 100% true! For edge mode extra wake up is not a bug, not optimal
> > > > for userspace - yes, but that can't lead to any lost wakeups.
> > > >
> > > > --
> > > > Roman
> > > >
> >
> > I tried to remove the whole chunk of code that Roman said, and it
> > seems that there
> > are no obvious problems with the two test programs below:

I recall this message, the test case 9/25/26 of epoll-wakeup (on
github) are failed while
the whole chunk are removed.

Apply the original patch, all tests passed.

> >
> > Test case 1:
> > t0
> > |
> > e0
> > |
> > e1 (et)
> > |
> > s0 (lt)
> >
> > When s0 is readable, the thread 0 can only read once event from e0.
> >
> > #include <stdio.h>
> > #include <unistd.h>
> > #include <sys/epoll.h>
> > #include <sys/socket.h>
> >
> > int main(int argc, char *argv[])
> > {
> > int sfd[2];
> > int efd[2];
> > int nfds;
> > struct epoll_event e;
> >
> > if (socketpair(AF_UNIX, SOCK_STREAM, 0, sfd) < 0)
> > goto out;
> >
> > efd[0] = epoll_create(1);
> > if (efd[0] < 0)
> > goto out;
> >
> > efd[1] = epoll_create(1);
> > if (efd[1] < 0)
> > goto out;
> >
> > e.events = EPOLLIN;
> > if (epoll_ctl(efd[1], EPOLL_CTL_ADD, sfd[0], &e) < 0)
> > goto out;
> >
> > e.events = EPOLLIN | EPOLLET;
> > if (epoll_ctl(efd[0], EPOLL_CTL_ADD, efd[1], &e) < 0)
> > goto out;
> >
> > if (write(sfd[1], "w", 1) != 1)
> > goto out;
> >
> > nfds = epoll_wait(efd[0], &e, 1, 0);
> > if (nfds != 1)
> > goto out;
> >
> > nfds = epoll_wait(efd[0], &e, 1, 0);
> > if (nfds != 0)
> > goto out;
> >
> > nfds = epoll_wait(efd[1], &e, 1, 0);
> > if (nfds != 1)
> > goto out;
> >
> > nfds = epoll_wait(efd[1], &e, 1, 0);
> > if (nfds != 1)
> > goto out;
> >
> > close(efd[1]);
> > close(efd[0]);
> > close(sfd[0]);
> > close(sfd[1]);
> >
> > printf("PASS\n");
> > return 0;
> >
> > out:
> > printf("FAIL\n");
> > return -1;
> > }
> >
> > Test case 2:
> > t0 t1
> > \ /
> > e0
> > / \
> > (et) e1 e2 (et)
> > | |
> > (lt) s0 s2 (lt)
> >
> > When s0 and s2 are readable, both thread 0 and thread 1 can read an
> > event from e0.
> >
> > #include <stdio.h>
> > #include <unistd.h>
> > #include <pthread.h>
> > #include <sys/epoll.h>
> > #include <sys/socket.h>
> >
> > static int efd[3];
> > static int sfd[4];
> > static int count;
> >
> > static void *
> > thread_handler(void *data)
> > {
> > struct epoll_event e;
> >
> > if (epoll_wait(efd[0], &e, 1, -1) == 1)
> > count++;
> >
> > return NULL;
> > }
> >
> > static void *
> > emit_handler(void *data)
> > {
> > usleep (100000);
> >
> > write(sfd[1], "w", 1);
> > write(sfd[3], "w", 1);
> >
> > return NULL;
> > }
> >
> > int main(int argc, char *argv[])
> > {
> > struct epoll_event e;
> > pthread_t tw, te;
> >
> > if (socketpair(AF_UNIX, SOCK_STREAM, 0, &sfd[0]) < 0)
> > goto out;
> >
> > if (socketpair(AF_UNIX, SOCK_STREAM, 0, &sfd[2]) < 0)
> > goto out;
> >
> > efd[0] = epoll_create(1);
> > if (efd[0] < 0)
> > goto out;
> >
> > efd[1] = epoll_create(1);
> > if (efd[1] < 0)
> > goto out;
> >
> > efd[2] = epoll_create(1);
> > if (efd[2] < 0)
> > goto out;
> >
> > e.events = EPOLLIN;
> > if (epoll_ctl(efd[1], EPOLL_CTL_ADD, sfd[0], &e) < 0)
> > goto out;
> >
> > e.events = EPOLLIN;
> > if (epoll_ctl(efd[2], EPOLL_CTL_ADD, sfd[2], &e) < 0)
> > goto out;
> >
> > e.events = EPOLLIN | EPOLLET;
> > if (epoll_ctl(efd[0], EPOLL_CTL_ADD, efd[1], &e) < 0)
> > goto out;
> >
> > e.events = EPOLLIN | EPOLLET;
> > if (epoll_ctl(efd[0], EPOLL_CTL_ADD, efd[2], &e) < 0)
> > goto out;
> >
> > if (pthread_create(&tw, NULL, thread_handler, NULL) < 0)
> > goto out;
> >
> > if (pthread_create(&te, NULL, emit_handler, NULL) < 0)
> > goto out;
> >
> > if (epoll_wait(efd[0], &e, 1, -1) == 1)
> > count++;
> >
> > if (pthread_join(tw, NULL) < 0)
> > goto out;
> >
> > if (count != 2)
> > goto out;
> >
> > close(efd[0]);
> > close(efd[1]);
> > close(efd[2]);
> > close(sfd[0]);
> > close(sfd[1]);
> > close(sfd[2]);
> > close(sfd[3]);
> >
> > printf ("PASS\n");
> > return 0;
> >
> > out:
> > printf("FAIL\n");
> > return -1;
> > }
> >
> > t0: thread0
> > t1: thread1
> > e0: epoll0 (efd[0])
> > e1: epoll1 (efd[1])
> > e2: epoll2 (efd[2])
> > s0: socket0 (sfd[0])
> > s2: socket2 (sfd[2])
> >
> > Is it possible to prove that this modification is correct, or any
> > other corner cases are missing?
> >
> > --
> > Best regards!
> > Hev
> > https://hev.cc
>
>
>
> --
> Best regards!
> Hev
> https://hev.cc



--
Best regards!
Hev
https://hev.cc

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2019-09-05 11:59    [W:0.124 / U:2.788 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site