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SubjectRe: PCI/kernel msi code vs GIC ITS driver conflict?
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On 04/09/2019 11:25, Andrew Murray wrote:
> On Wed, Sep 04, 2019 at 09:56:51AM +0100, John Garry wrote:
>> On 03/09/2019 17:16, Marc Zyngier wrote:
>>> Hi John,
>>>
>>> On 03/09/2019 15:09, John Garry wrote:
>>>> Hi Marc, Bjorn, Thomas,
>>
>> Hi Marc,
>>
>>>>
>>>> We've come across a conflict with the kernel/pci msi code and GIC ITS
>>>> driver on our arm64 system, whereby we can't unbind and re-bind a PCI
>>>> device driver under special conditions. I'll explain...
>>>>
>>>> Our PCI device support 32 MSIs. The driver attempts to allocate msi
>>>> vectors with min msi=17, max msi = 32, and affd.pre vectors = 16. For
>>>> our test we make nr_cpus = 1 (just anything less than 16).
>>>
>>> Just to confirm: this PCI device is requiring Multi-MSI, right? As
>>> opposed to MSI-X?
>>
>> Right, Multi-MSI.
>>
>>>
>>>> We find that the pci/kernel msi code gives us 17 vectors, but the GIC
>>>> ITS code reserves 32 lpi maps in its_irq_domain_alloc(). The problem
>>>> then occurs when unbinding the driver in its_irq_domain_free() call,
>>>> where we only clear bits for 17 vectors. So if we unbind the driver and
>>>> then attempt to bind again, it fails.
>>>
>>> Is this device, by any chance, sharing its requested-id with another
>>> device? By being behind a bridge of some sort?There is some code to
>>> deal with it, but I'm not sure it has ever been verified in anger...
>>
>> It's a RC iEP and there should be no requested-id sharing:
>>
>> root@ubuntu:/home/john# lspci -s 74:02.0 -v
>> 74:02.0 Serial Attached SCSI controller: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
>> HiSilicon SAS 3.0 HBA (rev 20)
>> Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0, IRQ 23, NUMA node 0
>> Memory at a2000000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=32K]
>> Capabilities: [40] Express Root Complex Integrated Endpoint, MSI 00
>> Capabilities: [80] MSI: Enable+ Count=32/32 Maskable+ 64bit+
>> Capabilities: [b0] Power Management version 3
>> Kernel driver in use: hisi_sas_v3_hw
>>
>>>
>>>> Where the fault lies, I can't say. Maybe the kernel msi code should
>>>> always give power of 2 vectors - as I understand, the PCI spec mandates
>>>> this. Or maybe the GIC ITS driver has a problem in the free path, as
>>>> above. Or maybe the PCI driver should not be allowed to request !power
>>>> of 2 min/max vectors.
>>>>
>>>> Opinion?
>>>
>>> My hunch is that it is an ITS driver bug: the PCI layer is allowed to
>>> give any number of MSIs to an endpoint driver, as long as they match the
>>> requirements of the allocation for Multi-MSI.
>>
>> I would tend to say that, but isn't the requirement to allocate power of 2
>> msi vectors, which doesn't seem to be enforced in the kernel msi layer?
>
> For a PCI device that supports MSI but not MSI-X - my understanding is that
> pci_alloc_irq_vectors_affinity and pci_alloc_irq_vectors will request *from
> the device* a power of 2 msi vectors between the min and max given by the
> driver - msi_setup_entry rounds up to nearest power of 2.
>
> However this doesn't guarantee that pci_alloc_irq_vectors will return a
> power of 2. For example if you set maxvec to 17, then it will request
> 32 from the device and pci_alloc_irq_vectors will return 17 (i.e. it satisfies
> your request by over allocating, but still gives you what you asked for).
>
> I'm not yet familiar with ITS, however if it is reserving 32 yet you only
> clear 17, then there is mismatch between the number actually reserved from
> the hardware, and the value returned from pci_alloc_irq_vectors.
>
> (It looks like its_alloc_device_irq rounds up to the nearest power of 2).

That's a "feature" of the architecture. The ITT is sized by the number
of bits used to index the table, meaning that you can only describe a
power of two >= 2.

John, could you stick a "#define DEBUG 1" at the top of irq-gic-v3-its.c
and report the LPI allocations for this device?

Thanks,

M.
--
Jazz is not dead, it just smells funny...

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