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Subject[PATCH -tip v3 1/2] x86: xen: insn: Decode Xen and KVM emulate-prefix signature
Date
Decode Xen and KVM's emulate-prefix signature by x86 insn decoder.
It is called "prefix" but actually not x86 instruction prefix, so
this adds insn.emulate_prefix_size field instead of reusing
insn.prefixes.

If x86 decoder finds a special sequence of instructions of
XEN_EMULATE_PREFIX and 'ud2a; .ascii "kvm"', it just counts the
length, set insn.emulate_prefix_size and fold it with the next
instruction. In other words, the signature and the next instruction
is treated as a single instruction.

Reported-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
---
Changes in v3:
- Fix perf's check script too.
Changes in v2:
- Generalize the emulate-prefix handling not only for Xen but KVM.
- Introduce insn.emulate_prefix_size instead of using insn.prefixes.
---
arch/x86/include/asm/insn.h | 6 +++++
arch/x86/include/asm/xen/interface.h | 7 ++++--
arch/x86/include/asm/xen/prefix.h | 10 +++++++++
arch/x86/lib/insn.c | 36 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
tools/arch/x86/include/asm/insn.h | 6 +++++
tools/arch/x86/include/asm/xen/prefix.h | 10 +++++++++
tools/arch/x86/lib/insn.c | 36 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
tools/objtool/sync-check.sh | 3 ++-
tools/perf/check-headers.sh | 2 +-
9 files changed, 112 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 arch/x86/include/asm/xen/prefix.h
create mode 100644 tools/arch/x86/include/asm/xen/prefix.h

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/insn.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/insn.h
index 154f27be8bfc..5c1ae3eff9d4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/insn.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/insn.h
@@ -45,6 +45,7 @@ struct insn {
struct insn_field immediate2; /* for 64bit imm or seg16 */
};

+ int emulate_prefix_size;
insn_attr_t attr;
unsigned char opnd_bytes;
unsigned char addr_bytes;
@@ -128,6 +129,11 @@ static inline int insn_is_evex(struct insn *insn)
return (insn->vex_prefix.nbytes == 4);
}

+static inline int insn_has_emulate_prefix(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ return !!insn->emulate_prefix_size;
+}
+
/* Ensure this instruction is decoded completely */
static inline int insn_complete(struct insn *insn)
{
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/xen/interface.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/xen/interface.h
index 62ca03ef5c65..fe33a9798708 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/xen/interface.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/xen/interface.h
@@ -379,12 +379,15 @@ struct xen_pmu_arch {
* Prefix forces emulation of some non-trapping instructions.
* Currently only CPUID.
*/
+#include <asm/xen/prefix.h>
+
#ifdef __ASSEMBLY__
-#define XEN_EMULATE_PREFIX .byte 0x0f,0x0b,0x78,0x65,0x6e ;
+#define XEN_EMULATE_PREFIX .byte __XEN_EMULATE_PREFIX ;
#define XEN_CPUID XEN_EMULATE_PREFIX cpuid
#else
-#define XEN_EMULATE_PREFIX ".byte 0x0f,0x0b,0x78,0x65,0x6e ; "
+#define XEN_EMULATE_PREFIX ".byte " __XEN_EMULATE_PREFIX_STR " ; "
#define XEN_CPUID XEN_EMULATE_PREFIX "cpuid"
+
#endif

#endif /* _ASM_X86_XEN_INTERFACE_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/xen/prefix.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/xen/prefix.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f901be0d7a95
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/xen/prefix.h
@@ -0,0 +1,10 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+#ifndef _TOOLS_ASM_X86_XEN_PREFIX_H
+#define _TOOLS_ASM_X86_XEN_PREFIX_H
+
+#include <linux/stringify.h>
+
+#define __XEN_EMULATE_PREFIX 0x0f,0x0b,0x78,0x65,0x6e
+#define __XEN_EMULATE_PREFIX_STR __stringify(__XEN_EMULATE_PREFIX)
+
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/lib/insn.c b/arch/x86/lib/insn.c
index 0b5862ba6a75..b7eb50187db9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/lib/insn.c
+++ b/arch/x86/lib/insn.c
@@ -13,6 +13,9 @@
#include <asm/inat.h>
#include <asm/insn.h>

+/* For special Xen prefix */
+#include <asm/xen/prefix.h>
+
/* Verify next sizeof(t) bytes can be on the same instruction */
#define validate_next(t, insn, n) \
((insn)->next_byte + sizeof(t) + n <= (insn)->end_kaddr)
@@ -58,6 +61,37 @@ void insn_init(struct insn *insn, const void *kaddr, int buf_len, int x86_64)
insn->addr_bytes = 4;
}

+static const insn_byte_t xen_prefix[] = { __XEN_EMULATE_PREFIX };
+/* See handle_ud()@arch/x86/kvm/x86.c */
+static const insn_byte_t kvm_prefix[] = "\xf\xbkvm";
+
+static int __insn_get_emulate_prefix(struct insn *insn,
+ const insn_byte_t *prefix, size_t len)
+{
+ size_t i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
+ if (peek_nbyte_next(insn_byte_t, insn, i) != prefix[i])
+ goto err_out;
+ }
+
+ insn->emulate_prefix_size = len;
+ insn->next_byte += len;
+
+ return 1;
+
+err_out:
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void insn_get_emulate_prefix(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ if (__insn_get_emulate_prefix(insn, xen_prefix, sizeof(xen_prefix)))
+ return;
+
+ __insn_get_emulate_prefix(insn, kvm_prefix, sizeof(kvm_prefix));
+}
+
/**
* insn_get_prefixes - scan x86 instruction prefix bytes
* @insn: &struct insn containing instruction
@@ -76,6 +110,8 @@ void insn_get_prefixes(struct insn *insn)
if (prefixes->got)
return;

+ insn_get_emulate_prefix(insn);
+
nb = 0;
lb = 0;
b = peek_next(insn_byte_t, insn);
diff --git a/tools/arch/x86/include/asm/insn.h b/tools/arch/x86/include/asm/insn.h
index 37a4c390750b..568854b14d0a 100644
--- a/tools/arch/x86/include/asm/insn.h
+++ b/tools/arch/x86/include/asm/insn.h
@@ -45,6 +45,7 @@ struct insn {
struct insn_field immediate2; /* for 64bit imm or seg16 */
};

+ int emulate_prefix_size;
insn_attr_t attr;
unsigned char opnd_bytes;
unsigned char addr_bytes;
@@ -128,6 +129,11 @@ static inline int insn_is_evex(struct insn *insn)
return (insn->vex_prefix.nbytes == 4);
}

+static inline int insn_has_emulate_prefix(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ return !!insn->emulate_prefix_size;
+}
+
/* Ensure this instruction is decoded completely */
static inline int insn_complete(struct insn *insn)
{
diff --git a/tools/arch/x86/include/asm/xen/prefix.h b/tools/arch/x86/include/asm/xen/prefix.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f901be0d7a95
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/arch/x86/include/asm/xen/prefix.h
@@ -0,0 +1,10 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+#ifndef _TOOLS_ASM_X86_XEN_PREFIX_H
+#define _TOOLS_ASM_X86_XEN_PREFIX_H
+
+#include <linux/stringify.h>
+
+#define __XEN_EMULATE_PREFIX 0x0f,0x0b,0x78,0x65,0x6e
+#define __XEN_EMULATE_PREFIX_STR __stringify(__XEN_EMULATE_PREFIX)
+
+#endif
diff --git a/tools/arch/x86/lib/insn.c b/tools/arch/x86/lib/insn.c
index 79e048f1d902..ce04e43e0749 100644
--- a/tools/arch/x86/lib/insn.c
+++ b/tools/arch/x86/lib/insn.c
@@ -13,6 +13,9 @@
#include "../include/asm/inat.h"
#include "../include/asm/insn.h"

+/* For special Xen prefix */
+#include "../include/asm/xen/prefix.h"
+
/* Verify next sizeof(t) bytes can be on the same instruction */
#define validate_next(t, insn, n) \
((insn)->next_byte + sizeof(t) + n <= (insn)->end_kaddr)
@@ -58,6 +61,37 @@ void insn_init(struct insn *insn, const void *kaddr, int buf_len, int x86_64)
insn->addr_bytes = 4;
}

+static const insn_byte_t xen_prefix[] = { __XEN_EMULATE_PREFIX };
+/* See handle_ud()@arch/x86/kvm/x86.c */
+static const insn_byte_t kvm_prefix[] = "\xf\xbkvm";
+
+static int __insn_get_emulate_prefix(struct insn *insn,
+ const insn_byte_t *prefix, size_t len)
+{
+ size_t i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
+ if (peek_nbyte_next(insn_byte_t, insn, i) != prefix[i])
+ goto err_out;
+ }
+
+ insn->emulate_prefix_size = len;
+ insn->next_byte += len;
+
+ return 1;
+
+err_out:
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void insn_get_emulate_prefix(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ if (__insn_get_emulate_prefix(insn, xen_prefix, sizeof(xen_prefix)))
+ return;
+
+ __insn_get_emulate_prefix(insn, kvm_prefix, sizeof(kvm_prefix));
+}
+
/**
* insn_get_prefixes - scan x86 instruction prefix bytes
* @insn: &struct insn containing instruction
@@ -76,6 +110,8 @@ void insn_get_prefixes(struct insn *insn)
if (prefixes->got)
return;

+ insn_get_emulate_prefix(insn);
+
nb = 0;
lb = 0;
b = peek_next(insn_byte_t, insn);
diff --git a/tools/objtool/sync-check.sh b/tools/objtool/sync-check.sh
index 0a832e265a50..34143ea3d477 100755
--- a/tools/objtool/sync-check.sh
+++ b/tools/objtool/sync-check.sh
@@ -4,6 +4,7 @@
FILES='
arch/x86/include/asm/inat_types.h
arch/x86/include/asm/orc_types.h
+arch/x86/include/asm/xen/prefix.h
arch/x86/lib/x86-opcode-map.txt
arch/x86/tools/gen-insn-attr-x86.awk
'
@@ -46,6 +47,6 @@ done
check arch/x86/include/asm/inat.h '-I "^#include [\"<]\(asm/\)*inat_types.h[\">]"'
check arch/x86/include/asm/insn.h '-I "^#include [\"<]\(asm/\)*inat.h[\">]"'
check arch/x86/lib/inat.c '-I "^#include [\"<]\(../include/\)*asm/insn.h[\">]"'
-check arch/x86/lib/insn.c '-I "^#include [\"<]\(../include/\)*asm/in\(at\|sn\).h[\">]"'
+check arch/x86/lib/insn.c '-I "^#include [\"<]\(../include/\)*asm/in\(at\|sn\).h[\">]" -I "^#include [\"<]\(../include/\)*asm/xen/prefix.h[\">]"'

cd -
diff --git a/tools/perf/check-headers.sh b/tools/perf/check-headers.sh
index e2e0f06c97d0..edcffa55a826 100755
--- a/tools/perf/check-headers.sh
+++ b/tools/perf/check-headers.sh
@@ -115,7 +115,7 @@ check lib/ctype.c '-I "^EXPORT_SYMBOL" -I "^#include <linux/export.h>" -B
check arch/x86/include/asm/inat.h '-I "^#include [\"<]\(asm/\)*inat_types.h[\">]"'
check arch/x86/include/asm/insn.h '-I "^#include [\"<]\(asm/\)*inat.h[\">]"'
check arch/x86/lib/inat.c '-I "^#include [\"<]\(../include/\)*asm/insn.h[\">]"'
-check arch/x86/lib/insn.c '-I "^#include [\"<]\(../include/\)*asm/in\(at\|sn\).h[\">]"'
+check arch/x86/lib/insn.c '-I "^#include [\"<]\(../include/\)*asm/in\(at\|sn\).h[\">]" -I "^#include [\"<]\(../include/\)*asm/xen/prefix.h[\">]"'

# diff non-symmetric files
check_2 tools/perf/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
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