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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 1/4] ftrace: Implement fs notification for tracing_max_latency
On Wed, Sep 04, 2019 at 12:00:39AM -0400, Joel Fernandes wrote:
> [ Resending since I messed up my last email's headers! ]
>
> On Tue, Sep 03, 2019 at 03:25:59PM +0200, Viktor Rosendahl wrote:
> > This patch implements the feature that the tracing_max_latency file,
> > e.g. /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/tracing_max_latency will receive
> > notifications through the fsnotify framework when a new latency is
> > available.
> >
> > One particularly interesting use of this facility is when enabling
> > threshold tracing, through /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/tracing_thresh,
> > together with the preempt/irqsoff tracers. This makes it possible to
> > implement a user space program that can, with equal probability,
> > obtain traces of latencies that occur immediately after each other in
> > spite of the fact that the preempt/irqsoff tracers operate in overwrite
> > mode.
>
> Adding Paul since RCU faces similar situations, i.e. raising softirq risks
> scheduler deadlock in rcu_read_unlock_special() -- but RCU's solution is to
> avoid raising the softirq and instead use irq_work.

Peter's solution, actually. ;-)

Thanx, Paul

> I was wondering, if we can rename __raise_softirq_irqoff() to
> raise_softirq_irqoff_no_wake() and call that from places where there is risk
> of scheduler related deadlocks. Then I think this can be used from Viktor's
> code. Let us discuss - what would happen if the softirq is raised, but
> ksoftirqd is not awakened for this latency notification path? Is this really
> an issue considering the softirq will execute during the next interrupt exit?
>
> thanks,
>
> - Joel
>
>
> > This facility works with the hwlat, preempt/irqsoff, and wakeup
> > tracers.
> >
> > This patch also adds some unfortunate calls from __schedule() and
> > do_idle(). Those calls to the latency_fsnotify_disable/enable() are
> > needed because we cannot wake up the workqueue from these critical
> > sections without risking a deadlock. Similar problems would also arise
> > if we try to schedule a tasklet, raise a softirq, or wake up a kernel
> > thread. If a notification event would happen in the forbidden sections,
> > we schedule the fsnotify work as soon as we have exited them.
> >
> > There was a suggestion to remove this latency_fsnotify_enable/disable()
> > gunk, or at least to combine it with the start_critical_timings() and
> > stop_critical_timings(). I have however not been able to come up with
> > a way to do it.
> >
> > It seems like it would be possible to simply replace the calls to
> > latency_fsnotify_enable/disable() with calls to
> > start/stop_critical_timings(). However, the main problem is that it
> > would not work for the wakup tracer. The wakeup tracer needs a
> > facility that postpones the notifications, not one that prevents the
> > measurements because all its measurements takes place in the middle
> > of __schedule(). On the other hand, in some places, like in idle and
> > the console we need start stop functions that prevents the
> > measurements from being make.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Viktor Rosendahl <viktor.rosendahl@gmail.com>
> > ---
> > include/linux/ftrace.h | 31 +++++++++
> > kernel/sched/core.c | 3 +
> > kernel/sched/idle.c | 3 +
> > kernel/sched/sched.h | 1 +
> > kernel/trace/trace.c | 112 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> > kernel/trace/trace.h | 22 ++++++
> > kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c | 4 +-
> > kernel/trace/trace_irqsoff.c | 4 ++
> > kernel/trace/trace_sched_wakeup.c | 4 ++
> > 9 files changed, 181 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/include/linux/ftrace.h b/include/linux/ftrace.h
> > index 8a8cb3c401b2..b4d9700ef917 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/ftrace.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/ftrace.h
> > @@ -907,4 +907,35 @@ unsigned long arch_syscall_addr(int nr);
> >
> > #endif /* CONFIG_FTRACE_SYSCALLS */
> >
> > +#if (defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)) && \
> > + defined(CONFIG_FSNOTIFY)
> > +
> > +DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, latency_notify_disable);
> > +DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(latency_notify_key);
> > +
> > +void latency_fsnotify_process(void);
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Disable/enable fsnotify while in scheduler and idle code. Trying to wake
> > + * anything up from there, such as calling queue_work() is prone to deadlock.
> > + */
> > +static inline void latency_fsnotify_disable(void)
> > +{
> > + this_cpu_inc(latency_notify_disable);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static inline void latency_fsnotify_enable(void)
> > +{
> > + this_cpu_dec(latency_notify_disable);
> > + if (static_branch_unlikely(&latency_notify_key))
> > + latency_fsnotify_process();
> > +}
> > +
> > +#else
> > +
> > +#define latency_fsnotify_disable() do { } while (0)
> > +#define latency_fsnotify_enable() do { } while (0)
> > +
> > +#endif
> > +
> > #endif /* _LINUX_FTRACE_H */
> > diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
> > index 010d578118d6..e3c1dc801073 100644
> > --- a/kernel/sched/core.c
> > +++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
> > @@ -3198,6 +3198,7 @@ asmlinkage __visible void schedule_tail(struct task_struct *prev)
> > */
> >
> > rq = finish_task_switch(prev);
> > + latency_fsnotify_enable();
> > balance_callback(rq);
> > preempt_enable();
> >
> > @@ -3820,6 +3821,7 @@ static void __sched notrace __schedule(bool preempt)
> >
> > local_irq_disable();
> > rcu_note_context_switch(preempt);
> > + latency_fsnotify_disable();
> >
> > /*
> > * Make sure that signal_pending_state()->signal_pending() below
> > @@ -3883,6 +3885,7 @@ static void __sched notrace __schedule(bool preempt)
> > rq_unlock_irq(rq, &rf);
> > }
> >
> > + latency_fsnotify_enable();
> > balance_callback(rq);
> > }
> >
> > diff --git a/kernel/sched/idle.c b/kernel/sched/idle.c
> > index 80940939b733..5fc87d99a407 100644
> > --- a/kernel/sched/idle.c
> > +++ b/kernel/sched/idle.c
> > @@ -236,6 +236,7 @@ static void do_idle(void)
> >
> > __current_set_polling();
> > tick_nohz_idle_enter();
> > + latency_fsnotify_disable();
> >
> > while (!need_resched()) {
> > check_pgt_cache();
> > @@ -265,6 +266,8 @@ static void do_idle(void)
> > arch_cpu_idle_exit();
> > }
> >
> > + latency_fsnotify_enable();
> > +
> > /*
> > * Since we fell out of the loop above, we know TIF_NEED_RESCHED must
> > * be set, propagate it into PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED.
> > diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
> > index 802b1f3405f2..467d6ad03f16 100644
> > --- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
> > +++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
> > @@ -46,6 +46,7 @@
> > #include <linux/debugfs.h>
> > #include <linux/delayacct.h>
> > #include <linux/energy_model.h>
> > +#include <linux/ftrace.h>
> > #include <linux/init_task.h>
> > #include <linux/kprobes.h>
> > #include <linux/kthread.h>
> > diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.c b/kernel/trace/trace.c
> > index 563e80f9006a..a622263a69e4 100644
> > --- a/kernel/trace/trace.c
> > +++ b/kernel/trace/trace.c
> > @@ -44,6 +44,10 @@
> > #include <linux/trace.h>
> > #include <linux/sched/clock.h>
> > #include <linux/sched/rt.h>
> > +#include <linux/fsnotify.h>
> > +#include <linux/workqueue.h>
> > +#include <trace/events/power.h>
> > +#include <trace/events/sched.h>
> >
> > #include "trace.h"
> > #include "trace_output.h"
> > @@ -1480,6 +1484,110 @@ static ssize_t trace_seq_to_buffer(struct trace_seq *s, void *buf, size_t cnt)
> >
> > unsigned long __read_mostly tracing_thresh;
> >
> > +#if (defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)) && \
> > + defined(CONFIG_FSNOTIFY)
> > +
> > +static const struct file_operations tracing_max_lat_fops;
> > +static struct workqueue_struct *fsnotify_wq;
> > +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct llist_head, notify_list);
> > +
> > +DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, latency_notify_disable);
> > +DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(latency_notify_key);
> > +
> > +static void latency_fsnotify_workfn(struct work_struct *work)
> > +{
> > + struct trace_array *tr = container_of(work, struct trace_array,
> > + fsnotify_work);
> > + fsnotify(tr->d_max_latency->d_inode, FS_MODIFY,
> > + tr->d_max_latency->d_inode, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE, NULL, 0);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void trace_create_maxlat_file(struct trace_array *tr,
> > + struct dentry *d_tracer)
> > +{
> > + INIT_WORK(&tr->fsnotify_work, latency_fsnotify_workfn);
> > + atomic_set(&tr->notify_pending, 0);
> > + tr->d_max_latency = trace_create_file("tracing_max_latency", 0644,
> > + d_tracer, &tr->max_latency,
> > + &tracing_max_lat_fops);
> > +}
> > +
> > +void latency_fsnotify_stop(void)
> > +{
> > + /* Make sure all CPUs see caller's previous actions to stop tracer */
> > + smp_wmb();
> > + static_branch_disable(&latency_notify_key);
> > + latency_fsnotify_process();
> > +}
> > +
> > +void latency_fsnotify_start(void)
> > +{
> > + static_branch_enable(&latency_notify_key);
> > + /* Make sure all CPUs see key value before caller continue */
> > + smp_wmb();
> > +}
> > +
> > +void latency_fsnotify_process(void)
> > +{
> > + struct trace_array *tr;
> > + struct llist_head *list;
> > + struct llist_node *node;
> > +
> > + if (this_cpu_read(latency_notify_disable))
> > + return;
> > +
> > + list = this_cpu_ptr(&notify_list);
> > + for (node = llist_del_first(list); node != NULL;
> > + node = llist_del_first(list)) {
> > + tr = llist_entry(node, struct trace_array, notify_ll);
> > + atomic_set(&tr->notify_pending, 0);
> > + queue_work(fsnotify_wq, &tr->fsnotify_work);
> > + }
> > +}
> > +
> > +__init static int latency_fsnotify_init(void)
> > +{
> > + fsnotify_wq = alloc_workqueue("tr_max_lat_wq",
> > + WQ_UNBOUND | WQ_HIGHPRI, 0);
> > + if (!fsnotify_wq) {
> > + pr_err("Unable to allocate tr_max_lat_wq\n");
> > + return -ENOMEM;
> > + }
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +late_initcall_sync(latency_fsnotify_init);
> > +
> > +void latency_fsnotify(struct trace_array *tr)
> > +{
> > + if (!fsnotify_wq)
> > + return;
> > +
> > + if (!this_cpu_read(latency_notify_disable))
> > + queue_work(fsnotify_wq, &tr->fsnotify_work);
> > + else {
> > + /*
> > + * notify_pending prevents us from adding the same entry to
> > + * more than one notify_list. It will get queued in
> > + * latency_enable_fsnotify()
> > + */
> > + if (!atomic_xchg(&tr->notify_pending, 1))
> > + llist_add(&tr->notify_ll, this_cpu_ptr(&notify_list));
> > + }
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * (defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)) && \
> > + * defined(CONFIG_FSNOTIFY)
> > + */
> > +#else
> > +
> > +#define trace_create_maxlat_file(tr, d_tracer) \
> > + trace_create_file("tracing_max_latency", 0644, d_tracer, \
> > + &tr->max_latency, &tracing_max_lat_fops)
> > +
> > +#endif
> > +
> > #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE
> > /*
> > * Copy the new maximum trace into the separate maximum-trace
> > @@ -1518,6 +1626,7 @@ __update_max_tr(struct trace_array *tr, struct task_struct *tsk, int cpu)
> >
> > /* record this tasks comm */
> > tracing_record_cmdline(tsk);
> > + latency_fsnotify(tr);
> > }
> >
> > /**
> > @@ -8550,8 +8659,7 @@ init_tracer_tracefs(struct trace_array *tr, struct dentry *d_tracer)
> > create_trace_options_dir(tr);
> >
> > #if defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)
> > - trace_create_file("tracing_max_latency", 0644, d_tracer,
> > - &tr->max_latency, &tracing_max_lat_fops);
> > + trace_create_maxlat_file(tr, d_tracer);
> > #endif
> >
> > if (ftrace_create_function_files(tr, d_tracer))
> > diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.h b/kernel/trace/trace.h
> > index 005f08629b8b..d9f83b2aaa71 100644
> > --- a/kernel/trace/trace.h
> > +++ b/kernel/trace/trace.h
> > @@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
> > #include <linux/trace_events.h>
> > #include <linux/compiler.h>
> > #include <linux/glob.h>
> > +#include <linux/workqueue.h>
> >
> > #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_SYSCALLS
> > #include <asm/unistd.h> /* For NR_SYSCALLS */
> > @@ -264,6 +265,12 @@ struct trace_array {
> > #endif
> > #if defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)
> > unsigned long max_latency;
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY
> > + struct dentry *d_max_latency;
> > + struct work_struct fsnotify_work;
> > + atomic_t notify_pending;
> > + struct llist_node notify_ll;
> > +#endif
> > #endif
> > struct trace_pid_list __rcu *filtered_pids;
> > /*
> > @@ -785,6 +792,21 @@ void update_max_tr_single(struct trace_array *tr,
> > struct task_struct *tsk, int cpu);
> > #endif /* CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE */
> >
> > +#if (defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)) && \
> > + defined(CONFIG_FSNOTIFY)
> > +
> > +void latency_fsnotify(struct trace_array *tr);
> > +void latency_fsnotify_start(void);
> > +void latency_fsnotify_stop(void);
> > +
> > +#else
> > +
> > +#define latency_fsnotify(tr) do { } while (0)
> > +#define latency_fsnotify_start() do { } while (0)
> > +#define latency_fsnotify_stop() do { } while (0)
> > +
> > +#endif
> > +
> > #ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE
> > void __trace_stack(struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long flags, int skip,
> > int pc);
> > diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c b/kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c
> > index fa95139445b2..9c379261ee89 100644
> > --- a/kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c
> > +++ b/kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c
> > @@ -254,8 +254,10 @@ static int get_sample(void)
> > trace_hwlat_sample(&s);
> >
> > /* Keep a running maximum ever recorded hardware latency */
> > - if (sample > tr->max_latency)
> > + if (sample > tr->max_latency) {
> > tr->max_latency = sample;
> > + latency_fsnotify(tr);
> > + }
> > }
> >
> > out:
> > diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_irqsoff.c b/kernel/trace/trace_irqsoff.c
> > index a745b0cee5d3..29403a83a5f0 100644
> > --- a/kernel/trace/trace_irqsoff.c
> > +++ b/kernel/trace/trace_irqsoff.c
> > @@ -557,6 +557,7 @@ static int __irqsoff_tracer_init(struct trace_array *tr)
> > if (irqsoff_busy)
> > return -EBUSY;
> >
> > + latency_fsnotify_start();
> > save_flags = tr->trace_flags;
> >
> > /* non overwrite screws up the latency tracers */
> > @@ -591,16 +592,19 @@ static void __irqsoff_tracer_reset(struct trace_array *tr)
> > ftrace_reset_array_ops(tr);
> >
> > irqsoff_busy = false;
> > + latency_fsnotify_stop();
> > }
> >
> > static void irqsoff_tracer_start(struct trace_array *tr)
> > {
> > + latency_fsnotify_start();
> > tracer_enabled = 1;
> > }
> >
> > static void irqsoff_tracer_stop(struct trace_array *tr)
> > {
> > tracer_enabled = 0;
> > + latency_fsnotify_stop();
> > }
> >
> > #ifdef CONFIG_IRQSOFF_TRACER
> > diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_sched_wakeup.c b/kernel/trace/trace_sched_wakeup.c
> > index 743b2b520d34..3dc90d9f605b 100644
> > --- a/kernel/trace/trace_sched_wakeup.c
> > +++ b/kernel/trace/trace_sched_wakeup.c
> > @@ -669,6 +669,7 @@ static bool wakeup_busy;
> >
> > static int __wakeup_tracer_init(struct trace_array *tr)
> > {
> > + latency_fsnotify_start();
> > save_flags = tr->trace_flags;
> >
> > /* non overwrite screws up the latency tracers */
> > @@ -727,10 +728,12 @@ static void wakeup_tracer_reset(struct trace_array *tr)
> > set_tracer_flag(tr, TRACE_ITER_OVERWRITE, overwrite_flag);
> > ftrace_reset_array_ops(tr);
> > wakeup_busy = false;
> > + latency_fsnotify_stop();
> > }
> >
> > static void wakeup_tracer_start(struct trace_array *tr)
> > {
> > + latency_fsnotify_start();
> > wakeup_reset(tr);
> > tracer_enabled = 1;
> > }
> > @@ -738,6 +741,7 @@ static void wakeup_tracer_start(struct trace_array *tr)
> > static void wakeup_tracer_stop(struct trace_array *tr)
> > {
> > tracer_enabled = 0;
> > + latency_fsnotify_stop();
> > }
> >
> > static struct tracer wakeup_tracer __read_mostly =
> > --
> > 2.17.1
> >

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