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Subject[PATCH 4.4 26/77] x86/retpoline: Dont clobber RFLAGS during CALL_NOSPEC on i386
From: Sean Christopherson <>

commit b63f20a778c88b6a04458ed6ffc69da953d3a109 upstream.

Use 'lea' instead of 'add' when adjusting %rsp in CALL_NOSPEC so as to
avoid clobbering flags.

KVM's emulator makes indirect calls into a jump table of sorts, where
the destination of the CALL_NOSPEC is a small blob of code that performs
fast emulation by executing the target instruction with fixed operands.

0x000339f8 <+0>: adc %dl,%al
0x000339fa <+2>: ret

A major motiviation for doing fast emulation is to leverage the CPU to
handle consumption and manipulation of arithmetic flags, i.e. RFLAGS is
both an input and output to the target of CALL_NOSPEC. Clobbering flags
results in all sorts of incorrect emulation, e.g. Jcc instructions often
take the wrong path. Sans the nops...

asm("push %[flags]; popf; " CALL_NOSPEC " ; pushf; pop %[flags]\n"
0x0003595a <+58>: mov 0xc0(%ebx),%eax
0x00035960 <+64>: mov 0x60(%ebx),%edx
0x00035963 <+67>: mov 0x90(%ebx),%ecx
0x00035969 <+73>: push %edi
0x0003596a <+74>: popf
0x0003596b <+75>: call *%esi
0x000359a0 <+128>: pushf
0x000359a1 <+129>: pop %edi
0x000359a2 <+130>: mov %eax,0xc0(%ebx)
0x000359b1 <+145>: mov %edx,0x60(%ebx)

ctxt->eflags = (ctxt->eflags & ~EFLAGS_MASK) | (flags & EFLAGS_MASK);
0x000359a8 <+136>: mov -0x10(%ebp),%eax
0x000359ab <+139>: and $0x8d5,%edi
0x000359b4 <+148>: and $0xfffff72a,%eax
0x000359b9 <+153>: or %eax,%edi
0x000359bd <+157>: mov %edi,0x4(%ebx)

For the most part this has gone unnoticed as emulation of guest code
that can trigger fast emulation is effectively limited to MMIO when
running on modern hardware, and MMIO is rarely, if ever, accessed by
instructions that affect or consume flags.

Breakage is almost instantaneous when running with unrestricted guest
disabled, in which case KVM must emulate all instructions when the guest
has invalid state, e.g. when the guest is in Big Real Mode during early

Fixes: 776b043848fd2 ("x86/retpoline: Add initial retpoline support")
Fixes: 1a29b5b7f347a ("KVM: x86: Make indirect calls in emulator speculation safe")
Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>

arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h | 2 +-
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h
@@ -151,7 +151,7 @@
" lfence;\n" \
" jmp 902b;\n" \
" .align 16\n" \
- "903: addl $4, %%esp;\n" \
+ "903: lea 4(%%esp), %%esp;\n" \
" pushl %[thunk_target];\n" \
" ret;\n" \
" .align 16\n" \

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