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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] kbuild: allow Clang to find unused static inline functions for W=1 build
On Thu, Aug 29, 2019 at 9:05 AM Nathan Chancellor
<natechancellor@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> On Wed, Aug 28, 2019 at 04:28:30PM -0700, Nick Desaulniers wrote:
> > On Wed, Aug 28, 2019 at 11:20 AM Nathan Chancellor
> > <natechancellor@gmail.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > On Wed, Aug 28, 2019 at 02:54:25PM +0900, Masahiro Yamada wrote:
> > > > GCC and Clang have different policy for -Wunused-function; GCC does not
> > > > warn unused static inline functions at all whereas Clang does if they
> > > > are defined in source files instead of included headers although it has
> > > > been suppressed since commit abb2ea7dfd82 ("compiler, clang: suppress
> > > > warning for unused static inline functions").
> > > >
> > > > We often miss to delete unused functions where 'static inline' is used
> > > > in *.c files since there is no tool to detect them. Unused code remains
> > > > until somebody notices. For example, commit 075ddd75680f ("regulator:
> > > > core: remove unused rdev_get_supply()").
> > > >
> > > > Let's remove __maybe_unused from the inline macro to allow Clang to
> > > > start finding unused static inline functions. For now, we do this only
> > > > for W=1 build since it is not a good idea to sprinkle warnings for the
> > > > normal build.
> > > >
> > > > My initial attempt was to add -Wno-unused-function for no W=1 build
> > > > (https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/1120594/)
> > > >
> > > > Nathan Chancellor pointed out that would weaken Clang's checks since
> > > > we would no longer get -Wunused-function without W=1. It is true GCC
> > > > would detect unused static non-inline functions, but it would weaken
> > > > Clang as a standalone compiler at least.
> >
> > Got it. No problem.
> >
> > > >
> > > > Here is a counter implementation. The current problem is, W=... only
> > > > controls compiler flags, which are globally effective. There is no way
> > > > to narrow the scope to only 'static inline' functions.
> > > >
> > > > This commit defines KBUILD_EXTRA_WARN[123] corresponding to W=[123].
> > > > When KBUILD_EXTRA_WARN1 is defined, __maybe_unused is omitted from
> > > > the 'inline' macro.
> > > >
> > > > This makes the code a bit uglier, so personally I do not want to carry
> > > > this forever. If we can manage to fix most of the warnings, we can
> > > > drop this entirely, then enable -Wunused-function all the time.
> >
> > How many warnings?
>
> In an x86 defconfig build (one of the smallest builds we do), I see an
> additional 35 warnings that crop up:
>
> https://gist.github.com/003ba86ba60b4ac7e8109089d6cb1a5a
>
> > > >
> > > > If you contribute to code clean-up, please run "make CC=clang W=1"
> > > > and check -Wunused-function warnings. You will find lots of unused
> > > > functions.
> > > >
> > > > Some of them are false-positives because the call-sites are disabled
> > > > by #ifdef. I do not like to abuse the inline keyword for suppressing
> > > > unused-function warnings because it is intended to be a hint for the
> > > > compiler optimization. I prefer #ifdef around the definition, or
> > > > __maybe_unused if #ifdef would make the code too ugly.
> > > >
> > > > Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
> > >
> > > I can still see warnings from static unused functions and with W=1, I
> > > see plenty more. I agree that this is uglier because of the
> > > __inline_maybe_unused but I think this is better for regular developers.
> > > I will try to work on these unused-function warnings!
> >
> > How many are we talking here?
> >
> > >
> > > Reviewed-by: Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@gmail.com>
> > > Tested-by: Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@gmail.com>
> >
> > This is getting kind of messy. I was more ok when the goal seemed to
> > be simplifying the definition of `inline`, but this is worse IMO.
>
> I guess if you want, we can just go back to v1 and have all unused
> function warnings hidden by default with clang. Fixing these warnings
> will take a significant amount of time given there will probably be a
> few hundred so I don't think having this warning hidden behind W=1 for
> that long is a good thing.
>
> Cheers,
> Nathan

I slightly prefer this version.

Either way we go, I want to fix -Wunused-function warnings,
then revert this patch as soon as possible.


--
Best Regards

Masahiro Yamada

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