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Subject[tip: sched/core] sched/topology: Improve load balancing on AMD EPYC systems
The following commit has been merged into the sched/core branch of tip:

Commit-ID: a55c7454a8c887b226a01d7eed088ccb5374d81e
Gitweb: https://git.kernel.org/tip/a55c7454a8c887b226a01d7eed088ccb5374d81e
Author: Matt Fleming <matt@codeblueprint.co.uk>
AuthorDate: Thu, 08 Aug 2019 20:53:01 +01:00
Committer: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
CommitterDate: Tue, 03 Sep 2019 09:17:37 +02:00

sched/topology: Improve load balancing on AMD EPYC systems

SD_BALANCE_{FORK,EXEC} and SD_WAKE_AFFINE are stripped in sd_init()
for any sched domains with a NUMA distance greater than 2 hops
(RECLAIM_DISTANCE). The idea being that it's expensive to balance
across domains that far apart.

However, as is rather unfortunately explained in:

commit 32e45ff43eaf ("mm: increase RECLAIM_DISTANCE to 30")

the value for RECLAIM_DISTANCE is based on node distance tables from
2011-era hardware.

Current AMD EPYC machines have the following NUMA node distances:

node distances:
node 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
0: 10 16 16 16 32 32 32 32
1: 16 10 16 16 32 32 32 32
2: 16 16 10 16 32 32 32 32
3: 16 16 16 10 32 32 32 32
4: 32 32 32 32 10 16 16 16
5: 32 32 32 32 16 10 16 16
6: 32 32 32 32 16 16 10 16
7: 32 32 32 32 16 16 16 10

where 2 hops is 32.

The result is that the scheduler fails to load balance properly across
NUMA nodes on different sockets -- 2 hops apart.

For example, pinning 16 busy threads to NUMA nodes 0 (CPUs 0-7) and 4
(CPUs 32-39) like so,

$ numactl -C 0-7,32-39 ./spinner 16

causes all threads to fork and remain on node 0 until the active
balancer kicks in after a few seconds and forcibly moves some threads
to node 4.

Override node_reclaim_distance for AMD Zen.

Signed-off-by: Matt Fleming <matt@codeblueprint.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
Cc: Suravee.Suthikulpanit@amd.com
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Thomas.Lendacky@amd.com
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190808195301.13222-3-matt@codeblueprint.co.uk
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
---
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c | 5 +++++
include/linux/topology.h | 14 ++++++++++++++
kernel/sched/topology.c | 3 ++-
mm/khugepaged.c | 2 +-
mm/page_alloc.c | 2 +-
5 files changed, 23 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c
index 8d4e504..ceeb8af 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/sched/clock.h>
#include <linux/random.h>
+#include <linux/topology.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/apic.h>
#include <asm/cacheinfo.h>
@@ -824,6 +825,10 @@ static void init_amd_zn(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
set_cpu_cap(c, X86_FEATURE_ZEN);

+#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
+ node_reclaim_distance = 32;
+#endif
+
/*
* Fix erratum 1076: CPB feature bit not being set in CPUID.
* Always set it, except when running under a hypervisor.
diff --git a/include/linux/topology.h b/include/linux/topology.h
index 47a3e3c..579522e 100644
--- a/include/linux/topology.h
+++ b/include/linux/topology.h
@@ -59,6 +59,20 @@ int arch_update_cpu_topology(void);
*/
#define RECLAIM_DISTANCE 30
#endif
+
+/*
+ * The following tunable allows platforms to override the default node
+ * reclaim distance (RECLAIM_DISTANCE) if remote memory accesses are
+ * sufficiently fast that the default value actually hurts
+ * performance.
+ *
+ * AMD EPYC machines use this because even though the 2-hop distance
+ * is 32 (3.2x slower than a local memory access) performance actually
+ * *improves* if allowed to reclaim memory and load balance tasks
+ * between NUMA nodes 2-hops apart.
+ */
+extern int __read_mostly node_reclaim_distance;
+
#ifndef PENALTY_FOR_NODE_WITH_CPUS
#define PENALTY_FOR_NODE_WITH_CPUS (1)
#endif
diff --git a/kernel/sched/topology.c b/kernel/sched/topology.c
index 8f83e8e..b5667a2 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/topology.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/topology.c
@@ -1284,6 +1284,7 @@ static int sched_domains_curr_level;
int sched_max_numa_distance;
static int *sched_domains_numa_distance;
static struct cpumask ***sched_domains_numa_masks;
+int __read_mostly node_reclaim_distance = RECLAIM_DISTANCE;
#endif

/*
@@ -1402,7 +1403,7 @@ sd_init(struct sched_domain_topology_level *tl,

sd->flags &= ~SD_PREFER_SIBLING;
sd->flags |= SD_SERIALIZE;
- if (sched_domains_numa_distance[tl->numa_level] > RECLAIM_DISTANCE) {
+ if (sched_domains_numa_distance[tl->numa_level] > node_reclaim_distance) {
sd->flags &= ~(SD_BALANCE_EXEC |
SD_BALANCE_FORK |
SD_WAKE_AFFINE);
diff --git a/mm/khugepaged.c b/mm/khugepaged.c
index eaaa21b..ccede24 100644
--- a/mm/khugepaged.c
+++ b/mm/khugepaged.c
@@ -710,7 +710,7 @@ static bool khugepaged_scan_abort(int nid)
for (i = 0; i < MAX_NUMNODES; i++) {
if (!khugepaged_node_load[i])
continue;
- if (node_distance(nid, i) > RECLAIM_DISTANCE)
+ if (node_distance(nid, i) > node_reclaim_distance)
return true;
}
return false;
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 272c6de..0d54cd2 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -3522,7 +3522,7 @@ bool zone_watermark_ok_safe(struct zone *z, unsigned int order,
static bool zone_allows_reclaim(struct zone *local_zone, struct zone *zone)
{
return node_distance(zone_to_nid(local_zone), zone_to_nid(zone)) <=
- RECLAIM_DISTANCE;
+ node_reclaim_distance;
}
#else /* CONFIG_NUMA */
static bool zone_allows_reclaim(struct zone *local_zone, struct zone *zone)
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