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Subject[PATCH 7/7] nsdeps: make generated patches independent of locale
scripts/nsdeps automatically generates a patch to add MODULE_IMPORT_NS
tags, and what is nicer, it sorts the lines alphabetically with the
"sort" command. However, the output from the "sort" command depends
on locale.

Especially when namespaces contain underscores, the result is
different depending on the locale.

For example, I got this:

$ { echo usbcommon; echo usb_common; } | LANG=en_US.UTF-8 sort
$ { echo usbcommon; echo usb_common; } | LANG=C sort

So, this means people might potentially send different patches.

This kind of issue was reported in the past, for example,
commit f55f2328bb28 ("kbuild: make sorting initramfs contents
independent of locale").

Adding "LANG=C" is a conventional way of fixing when a deterministic
result is desirable.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <>

scripts/nsdeps | 2 +-
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/scripts/nsdeps b/scripts/nsdeps
index 964b7fb8c546..3754dac13b31 100644
--- a/scripts/nsdeps
+++ b/scripts/nsdeps
@@ -41,7 +41,7 @@ generate_deps() {
for source_file in $mod_source_files; do
sed '/MODULE_IMPORT_NS/Q' $source_file > ${source_file}.tmp
offset=$(wc -l ${source_file}.tmp | awk '{print $1;}')
- cat $source_file | grep MODULE_IMPORT_NS | sort -u >> ${source_file}.tmp
+ cat $source_file | grep MODULE_IMPORT_NS | LANG=C sort -u >> ${source_file}.tmp
tail -n +$((offset +1)) ${source_file} | grep -v MODULE_IMPORT_NS >> ${source_file}.tmp
if ! diff -q ${source_file} ${source_file}.tmp; then
mv ${source_file}.tmp ${source_file}
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