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Subject[PATCH v5 13/16] mm: Allow VM_FAULT_RETRY for multiple times
Date
The idea comes from a discussion between Linus and Andrea [1].

Before this patch we only allow a page fault to retry once. We
achieved this by clearing the FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY flag when doing
handle_mm_fault() the second time. This was majorly used to avoid
unexpected starvation of the system by looping over forever to handle
the page fault on a single page. However that should hardly happen,
and after all for each code path to return a VM_FAULT_RETRY we'll
first wait for a condition (during which time we should possibly yield
the cpu) to happen before VM_FAULT_RETRY is really returned.

This patch removes the restriction by keeping the
FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY flag when we receive VM_FAULT_RETRY. It means
that the page fault handler now can retry the page fault for multiple
times if necessary without the need to generate another page fault
event. Meanwhile we still keep the FAULT_FLAG_TRIED flag so page
fault handler can still identify whether a page fault is the first
attempt or not.

Then we'll have these combinations of fault flags (only considering
ALLOW_RETRY flag and TRIED flag):

- ALLOW_RETRY and !TRIED: this means the page fault allows to
retry, and this is the first try

- ALLOW_RETRY and TRIED: this means the page fault allows to
retry, and this is not the first try

- !ALLOW_RETRY and !TRIED: this means the page fault does not allow
to retry at all

- !ALLOW_RETRY and TRIED: this is forbidden and should never be used

In existing code we have multiple places that has taken special care
of the first condition above by checking against (fault_flags &
FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY). This patch introduces a simple helper to
detect the first retry of a page fault by checking against
both (fault_flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) and !(fault_flag &
FAULT_FLAG_TRIED) because now even the 2nd try will have the
ALLOW_RETRY set, then use that helper in all existing special paths.
One example is in __lock_page_or_retry(), now we'll drop the mmap_sem
only in the first attempt of page fault and we'll keep it in follow up
retries, so old locking behavior will be retained.

This will be a nice enhancement for current code [2] at the same time
a supporting material for the future userfaultfd-writeprotect work,
since in that work there will always be an explicit userfault
writeprotect retry for protected pages, and if that cannot resolve the
page fault (e.g., when userfaultfd-writeprotect is used in conjunction
with swapped pages) then we'll possibly need a 3rd retry of the page
fault. It might also benefit other potential users who will have
similar requirement like userfault write-protection.

GUP code is not touched yet and will be covered in follow up patch.

Please read the thread below for more information.

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20171102193644.GB22686@redhat.com/
[2] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20181230154648.GB9832@redhat.com/

Suggested-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Suggested-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Jerome Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Xu <peterx@redhat.com>
---
arch/alpha/mm/fault.c | 2 +-
arch/arc/mm/fault.c | 1 -
arch/arm/mm/fault.c | 3 ---
arch/arm64/mm/fault.c | 5 -----
arch/hexagon/mm/vm_fault.c | 1 -
arch/ia64/mm/fault.c | 1 -
arch/m68k/mm/fault.c | 3 ---
arch/microblaze/mm/fault.c | 1 -
arch/mips/mm/fault.c | 1 -
arch/nds32/mm/fault.c | 1 -
arch/nios2/mm/fault.c | 3 ---
arch/openrisc/mm/fault.c | 1 -
arch/parisc/mm/fault.c | 4 +---
arch/powerpc/mm/fault.c | 6 ------
arch/riscv/mm/fault.c | 5 -----
arch/s390/mm/fault.c | 5 +----
arch/sh/mm/fault.c | 1 -
arch/sparc/mm/fault_32.c | 1 -
arch/sparc/mm/fault_64.c | 1 -
arch/um/kernel/trap.c | 1 -
arch/unicore32/mm/fault.c | 4 +---
arch/x86/mm/fault.c | 2 --
arch/xtensa/mm/fault.c | 1 -
drivers/gpu/drm/ttm/ttm_bo_vm.c | 12 ++++++++---
include/linux/mm.h | 37 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
mm/filemap.c | 2 +-
mm/shmem.c | 2 +-
27 files changed, 52 insertions(+), 55 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/alpha/mm/fault.c b/arch/alpha/mm/fault.c
index fcfa229cc1e7..c2d7b6d7bac7 100644
--- a/arch/alpha/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/alpha/mm/fault.c
@@ -169,7 +169,7 @@ do_page_fault(unsigned long address, unsigned long mmcsr,
else
current->min_flt++;
if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
- flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
+ flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;

/* No need to up_read(&mm->mmap_sem) as we would
* have already released it in __lock_page_or_retry
diff --git a/arch/arc/mm/fault.c b/arch/arc/mm/fault.c
index 33a609f1c43c..fdf09db1581d 100644
--- a/arch/arc/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/arc/mm/fault.c
@@ -139,7 +139,6 @@ void do_page_fault(unsigned long address, struct pt_regs *regs)
*/
if (unlikely((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) &&
(flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY))) {
- flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;
goto retry;
}
diff --git a/arch/arm/mm/fault.c b/arch/arm/mm/fault.c
index 101ae6698637..952bd9d7487d 100644
--- a/arch/arm/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/arm/mm/fault.c
@@ -319,9 +319,6 @@ do_page_fault(unsigned long addr, unsigned int fsr, struct pt_regs *regs)
regs, addr);
}
if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
- /* Clear FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY to avoid any risk
- * of starvation. */
- flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;
goto retry;
}
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c b/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
index 23e3feca0f02..b6badba3a677 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
@@ -485,12 +485,7 @@ static int __kprobes do_page_fault(unsigned long addr, unsigned int esr,
}

if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
- /*
- * Clear FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY to avoid any risk of
- * starvation.
- */
if (mm_flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) {
- mm_flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
mm_flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;
goto retry;
}
diff --git a/arch/hexagon/mm/vm_fault.c b/arch/hexagon/mm/vm_fault.c
index d9e15d941bdb..72334b26317a 100644
--- a/arch/hexagon/mm/vm_fault.c
+++ b/arch/hexagon/mm/vm_fault.c
@@ -102,7 +102,6 @@ void do_page_fault(unsigned long address, long cause, struct pt_regs *regs)
else
current->min_flt++;
if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
- flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;
goto retry;
}
diff --git a/arch/ia64/mm/fault.c b/arch/ia64/mm/fault.c
index b5aa4e80c762..30d0c1fca99e 100644
--- a/arch/ia64/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/ia64/mm/fault.c
@@ -167,7 +167,6 @@ ia64_do_page_fault (unsigned long address, unsigned long isr, struct pt_regs *re
else
current->min_flt++;
if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
- flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;

/* No need to up_read(&mm->mmap_sem) as we would
diff --git a/arch/m68k/mm/fault.c b/arch/m68k/mm/fault.c
index 182799fd9987..f7afb9897966 100644
--- a/arch/m68k/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/m68k/mm/fault.c
@@ -162,9 +162,6 @@ int do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address,
else
current->min_flt++;
if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
- /* Clear FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY to avoid any risk
- * of starvation. */
- flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;

/*
diff --git a/arch/microblaze/mm/fault.c b/arch/microblaze/mm/fault.c
index 32da02778a63..3248141f8ed5 100644
--- a/arch/microblaze/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/microblaze/mm/fault.c
@@ -236,7 +236,6 @@ void do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address,
else
current->min_flt++;
if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
- flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;

/*
diff --git a/arch/mips/mm/fault.c b/arch/mips/mm/fault.c
index f811ef5efb80..02ae0c87301f 100644
--- a/arch/mips/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/mips/mm/fault.c
@@ -178,7 +178,6 @@ static void __kprobes __do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long write,
tsk->min_flt++;
}
if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
- flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;

/*
diff --git a/arch/nds32/mm/fault.c b/arch/nds32/mm/fault.c
index 4e402f2c88c3..52097d5f63c6 100644
--- a/arch/nds32/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/nds32/mm/fault.c
@@ -242,7 +242,6 @@ void do_page_fault(unsigned long entry, unsigned long addr,
1, regs, addr);
}
if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
- flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;

/* No need to up_read(&mm->mmap_sem) as we would
diff --git a/arch/nios2/mm/fault.c b/arch/nios2/mm/fault.c
index c38bea4220fb..ec9d8a9c426f 100644
--- a/arch/nios2/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/nios2/mm/fault.c
@@ -157,9 +157,6 @@ asmlinkage void do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long cause,
else
current->min_flt++;
if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
- /* Clear FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY to avoid any risk
- * of starvation. */
- flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;

/*
diff --git a/arch/openrisc/mm/fault.c b/arch/openrisc/mm/fault.c
index 30d5c51e9d40..8af1cc78c4fb 100644
--- a/arch/openrisc/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/openrisc/mm/fault.c
@@ -181,7 +181,6 @@ asmlinkage void do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address,
else
tsk->min_flt++;
if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
- flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;

/* No need to up_read(&mm->mmap_sem) as we would
diff --git a/arch/parisc/mm/fault.c b/arch/parisc/mm/fault.c
index 8e88e5c5f26a..86e8c848f3d7 100644
--- a/arch/parisc/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/parisc/mm/fault.c
@@ -328,14 +328,12 @@ void do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long code,
else
current->min_flt++;
if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
- flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
-
/*
* No need to up_read(&mm->mmap_sem) as we would
* have already released it in __lock_page_or_retry
* in mm/filemap.c.
*/
-
+ flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;
goto retry;
}
}
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/fault.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/fault.c
index db156537a2fa..65cc735045bb 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/fault.c
@@ -591,13 +591,7 @@ static int __do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address,
* case.
*/
if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY)) {
- /* We retry only once */
if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) {
- /*
- * Clear FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY to avoid any risk
- * of starvation.
- */
- flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;
goto retry;
}
diff --git a/arch/riscv/mm/fault.c b/arch/riscv/mm/fault.c
index 1f77dd2c491c..12954f02cf02 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/riscv/mm/fault.c
@@ -142,11 +142,6 @@ asmlinkage void do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs)
1, regs, addr);
}
if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
- /*
- * Clear FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY to avoid any risk
- * of starvation.
- */
- flags &= ~(FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY);
flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;

/*
diff --git a/arch/s390/mm/fault.c b/arch/s390/mm/fault.c
index 551ac311bd35..aeccdb30899a 100644
--- a/arch/s390/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/s390/mm/fault.c
@@ -513,10 +513,7 @@ static inline vm_fault_t do_exception(struct pt_regs *regs, int access)
fault = VM_FAULT_PFAULT;
goto out_up;
}
- /* Clear FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY to avoid any risk
- * of starvation. */
- flags &= ~(FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY |
- FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT);
+ flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT;
flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;
down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
goto retry;
diff --git a/arch/sh/mm/fault.c b/arch/sh/mm/fault.c
index d9c8f2d00a54..13ee4d20e622 100644
--- a/arch/sh/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/sh/mm/fault.c
@@ -481,7 +481,6 @@ asmlinkage void __kprobes do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs,
regs, address);
}
if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
- flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;

/*
diff --git a/arch/sparc/mm/fault_32.c b/arch/sparc/mm/fault_32.c
index 447f61c4e996..a8c8cb3b891f 100644
--- a/arch/sparc/mm/fault_32.c
+++ b/arch/sparc/mm/fault_32.c
@@ -261,7 +261,6 @@ asmlinkage void do_sparc_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, int text_fault, int write,
1, regs, address);
}
if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
- flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;

/* No need to up_read(&mm->mmap_sem) as we would
diff --git a/arch/sparc/mm/fault_64.c b/arch/sparc/mm/fault_64.c
index 6807fba66331..eb4cfd5634e2 100644
--- a/arch/sparc/mm/fault_64.c
+++ b/arch/sparc/mm/fault_64.c
@@ -445,7 +445,6 @@ asmlinkage void __kprobes do_sparc64_fault(struct pt_regs *regs)
1, regs, address);
}
if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
- flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;

/* No need to up_read(&mm->mmap_sem) as we would
diff --git a/arch/um/kernel/trap.c b/arch/um/kernel/trap.c
index bc2756782d64..4bcf5873e931 100644
--- a/arch/um/kernel/trap.c
+++ b/arch/um/kernel/trap.c
@@ -96,7 +96,6 @@ int handle_page_fault(unsigned long address, unsigned long ip,
else
current->min_flt++;
if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
- flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;

goto retry;
diff --git a/arch/unicore32/mm/fault.c b/arch/unicore32/mm/fault.c
index 34a90453ca18..a9bd08fbe588 100644
--- a/arch/unicore32/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/unicore32/mm/fault.c
@@ -259,9 +259,7 @@ static int do_pf(unsigned long addr, unsigned int fsr, struct pt_regs *regs)
else
tsk->min_flt++;
if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
- /* Clear FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY to avoid any risk
- * of starvation. */
- flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
+ flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;
goto retry;
}
}
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c b/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
index d211585cfffd..55e749af8a61 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
@@ -1456,8 +1456,6 @@ void do_user_addr_fault(struct pt_regs *regs,
*/
if (unlikely((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) &&
(flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY))) {
- /* Retry at most once */
- flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;
goto retry;
}
diff --git a/arch/xtensa/mm/fault.c b/arch/xtensa/mm/fault.c
index 6467e3fb9762..c97c2c84d14a 100644
--- a/arch/xtensa/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/xtensa/mm/fault.c
@@ -128,7 +128,6 @@ void do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs)
else
current->min_flt++;
if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
- flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;

/* No need to up_read(&mm->mmap_sem) as we would
diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/ttm/ttm_bo_vm.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/ttm/ttm_bo_vm.c
index 6dacff49c1cc..8f2f9ee6effa 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/ttm/ttm_bo_vm.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/ttm/ttm_bo_vm.c
@@ -61,9 +61,10 @@ static vm_fault_t ttm_bo_vm_fault_idle(struct ttm_buffer_object *bo,

/*
* If possible, avoid waiting for GPU with mmap_sem
- * held.
+ * held. We only do this if the fault allows retry and this
+ * is the first attempt.
*/
- if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) {
+ if (fault_flag_allow_retry_first(vmf->flags)) {
ret = VM_FAULT_RETRY;
if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT)
goto out_unlock;
@@ -132,7 +133,12 @@ static vm_fault_t ttm_bo_vm_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf)
* for the buffer to become unreserved.
*/
if (unlikely(!reservation_object_trylock(bo->resv))) {
- if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) {
+ /*
+ * If the fault allows retry and this is the first
+ * fault attempt, we try to release the mmap_sem
+ * before waiting
+ */
+ if (fault_flag_allow_retry_first(vmf->flags)) {
if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT)) {
ttm_bo_get(bo);
up_read(&vmf->vma->vm_mm->mmap_sem);
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 53ec7abb8472..0fdbdcb257d6 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -396,6 +396,25 @@ extern pgprot_t protection_map[16];
* @FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE: The fault is not for current task/mm.
* @FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION: The fault was during an instruction fetch.
* @FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE: The fault can be interrupted by non-fatal signals.
+ *
+ * About @FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY and @FAULT_FLAG_TRIED: we can specify
+ * whether we would allow page faults to retry by specifying these two
+ * fault flags correctly. Currently there can be three legal combinations:
+ *
+ * (a) ALLOW_RETRY and !TRIED: this means the page fault allows retry, and
+ * this is the first try
+ *
+ * (b) ALLOW_RETRY and TRIED: this means the page fault allows retry, and
+ * we've already tried at least once
+ *
+ * (c) !ALLOW_RETRY and !TRIED: this means the page fault does not allow retry
+ *
+ * The unlisted combination (!ALLOW_RETRY && TRIED) is illegal and should never
+ * be used. Note that page faults can be allowed to retry for multiple times,
+ * in which case we'll have an initial fault with flags (a) then later on
+ * continuous faults with flags (b). We should always try to detect pending
+ * signals before a retry to make sure the continuous page faults can still be
+ * interrupted if necessary.
*/
#define FAULT_FLAG_WRITE 0x01
#define FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE 0x02
@@ -416,6 +435,24 @@ extern pgprot_t protection_map[16];
FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE | \
FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE)

+/**
+ * fault_flag_allow_retry_first - check ALLOW_RETRY the first time
+ *
+ * This is mostly used for places where we want to try to avoid taking
+ * the mmap_sem for too long a time when waiting for another condition
+ * to change, in which case we can try to be polite to release the
+ * mmap_sem in the first round to avoid potential starvation of other
+ * processes that would also want the mmap_sem.
+ *
+ * Return: true if the page fault allows retry and this is the first
+ * attempt of the fault handling; false otherwise.
+ */
+static inline bool fault_flag_allow_retry_first(unsigned int flags)
+{
+ return (flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) &&
+ (!(flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED));
+}
+
#define FAULT_FLAG_TRACE \
{ FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, "WRITE" }, \
{ FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE, "MKWRITE" }, \
diff --git a/mm/filemap.c b/mm/filemap.c
index d0cf700bf201..543404617f5a 100644
--- a/mm/filemap.c
+++ b/mm/filemap.c
@@ -1399,7 +1399,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__lock_page_killable);
int __lock_page_or_retry(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned int flags)
{
- if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) {
+ if (fault_flag_allow_retry_first(flags)) {
/*
* CAUTION! In this case, mmap_sem is not released
* even though return 0.
diff --git a/mm/shmem.c b/mm/shmem.c
index 2bed4761f279..1af8d8e60231 100644
--- a/mm/shmem.c
+++ b/mm/shmem.c
@@ -2011,7 +2011,7 @@ static vm_fault_t shmem_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf)
DEFINE_WAIT_FUNC(shmem_fault_wait, synchronous_wake_function);

ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE;
- if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) &&
+ if (fault_flag_allow_retry_first(vmf->flags) &&
!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT)) {
/* It's polite to up mmap_sem if we can */
up_read(&vma->vm_mm->mmap_sem);
--
2.21.0
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