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SubjectRe: [PATCH v1 1/4] lib: introduce copy_struct_from_user() helper
On Wed, Sep 25, 2019 at 11:13:18AM -0700, Linus Torvalds wrote:
> On Wed, Sep 25, 2019 at 11:04 AM Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> wrote:
> >
> > IMO it's better to lift reading the first word out of the loop, like this:
> > ...
> > Do you see any problems with that variant?
>
> That looks fine to me too.
>
> It's a bit harder for humans to read because of how it reads the word
> from user space one iteration early, but from a code generation
> standpoint it probably is better.
>
> So slightly subtler source code, and imho harder to read, but it looks
> correct to me.

FWIW, I would probably add a kernel-space analogue of that thing at the
same time - check that an area is all-zeroes is not all that rare.
In fact, most of the callers of memchr_inv() are exactly that:

arch/x86/kernel/fpu/xstate.c:492: if (memchr_inv(hdr->reserved, 0, sizeof(hdr->reserved)))
crypto/async_tx/async_xor.c:225: return !memchr_inv(page_address(p) + offset, 0, len);
crypto/dh_helper.c:109: if (memchr_inv(params->p, 0, params->p_size) == NULL)
crypto/testmgr.c:446: memchr_inv(&divs[i], 0, (count - i) * sizeof(divs[0])) == NULL;
crypto/testmgr.c:470: if (memchr_inv(cfg->dst_divs, 0, sizeof(cfg->dst_divs)))
crypto/testmgr.c:3802: if (memchr_inv(outbuf_dec, 0, out_len - m_size) ||
drivers/block/rbd.c:3138: if (memchr_inv(page_address(bv.bv_page) + bv.bv_offset, 0,
drivers/gpu/drm/drm_dp_mst_topology.c:1808: if (memchr_inv(guid, 0, 16))
drivers/gpu/drm/drm_edid.c:1359: if (memchr_inv(in_edid, 0, length))
drivers/gpu/drm/i915/gem/selftests/i915_gem_dmabuf.c:238: if (memchr_inv(ptr, 0, dmabuf->size)) {
drivers/gpu/drm/i915/gem/selftests/i915_gem_dmabuf.c:284: if (memchr_inv(ptr, 0, PAGE_SIZE)) {
drivers/infiniband/core/uverbs_cmd.c:2741: if (memchr_inv(kern_spec_filter +
drivers/infiniband/core/uverbs_ioctl.c:143: return !memchr_inv((const void *)&uattr->data + len,
drivers/infiniband/hw/efa/efa_verbs.c:127: !memchr_inv(reserved, 0, sizeof(reserved))
drivers/infiniband/hw/mlx4/main.c:1330: memchr_inv((void *)&filter.field +\
drivers/infiniband/hw/mlx4/qp.c:728: if (memchr_inv(ucmd.reserved, 0, sizeof(ucmd.reserved)))
drivers/infiniband/hw/mlx5/main.c:2516: !(memchr_inv(MLX5_ADDR_OF(fte_match_param, match_criteria, headers), \
drivers/infiniband/hw/mlx5/main.c:2621: memchr_inv((void *)&filter.field +\
drivers/infiniband/hw/mlx5/qp.c:3921: memchr_inv(&ucmd.reserved, 0, sizeof(ucmd.reserved)) ||
drivers/infiniband/hw/mlx5/qp.c:3922: memchr_inv(&ucmd.burst_info.reserved, 0,
drivers/md/dm-integrity.c:3844: if (memchr_inv(ic->sb, 0, SB_SECTORS << SECTOR_SHIFT)) {
drivers/mtd/nand/raw/qcom_nandc.c:1548: if (memchr_inv(data_buf, 0xff, data_len)) {
drivers/net/ethernet/mellanox/mlx5/core/en/tc_tun_geneve.c:179: if (memchr_inv(&enc_opts.mask->data, 0, sizeof(enc_opts.mask->data)) &&
drivers/net/ethernet/mellanox/mlx5/core/en/tc_tun_geneve.c:240: if (!memchr_inv(option_key->opt_data, 0, option_key->length * 4)) {
drivers/net/ethernet/mellanox/mlx5/core/eswitch_offloads.c:113: if (memchr_inv(misc, 0, MLX5_ST_SZ_BYTES(fte_match_set_misc)))
drivers/net/ethernet/mellanox/mlxsw/core_acl_flex_keys.c:374: if (!memchr_inv(mask_value, 0, len)) /* If mask is zero */
drivers/net/geneve.c:1243: memchr_inv(&info->key.u, 0, sizeof(info->key.u)));
drivers/nvme/host/core.c:1619: memchr_inv(ids->nguid, 0, sizeof(ids->nguid)) ||
drivers/nvme/host/core.c:1620: memchr_inv(ids->eui64, 0, sizeof(ids->eui64));
drivers/nvme/host/core.c:2884: if (memchr_inv(ids->nguid, 0, sizeof(ids->nguid)))
drivers/nvme/host/core.c:2887: if (memchr_inv(ids->eui64, 0, sizeof(ids->eui64)))
drivers/nvme/host/core.c:2962: !memchr_inv(ids->nguid, 0, sizeof(ids->nguid)))
drivers/nvme/host/core.c:2966: if (!memchr_inv(ids->nguid, 0, sizeof(ids->nguid)))
drivers/nvme/host/core.c:2970: if (!memchr_inv(ids->eui64, 0, sizeof(ids->eui64)))
drivers/nvme/target/admin-cmd.c:544: if (memchr_inv(&ns->uuid, 0, sizeof(ns->uuid))) {
drivers/nvme/target/admin-cmd.c:551: if (memchr_inv(ns->nguid, 0, sizeof(ns->nguid))) {
drivers/target/target_core_iblock.c:425: not_zero = memchr_inv(buf, 0x00, cmd->data_length);
fs/btrfs/ioctl.c:4586: if (memchr_inv(loi->reserved, 0, sizeof(loi->reserved))) {
fs/cramfs/inode.c:351: return memchr_inv(tail_data, 0, PAGE_SIZE - partial) ? true : false;
fs/ext4/ioctl.c:649: if (memchr_inv(head.fmh_reserved, 0, sizeof(head.fmh_reserved)) ||
fs/ext4/ioctl.c:650: memchr_inv(head.fmh_keys[0].fmr_reserved, 0,
fs/ext4/ioctl.c:652: memchr_inv(head.fmh_keys[1].fmr_reserved, 0,
fs/gfs2/lock_dlm.c:485: return !memchr_inv(lvb + JID_BITMAP_OFFSET, 0,
fs/ubifs/auth.c:565: return !memchr_inv(hmac, 0, c->hmac_desc_len);
fs/xfs/scrub/agheader.c:276: if (memchr_inv(&sb->sb_features_compat, 0,
fs/xfs/scrub/agheader.c:332: if (memchr_inv(sb + 1, 0,
fs/xfs/scrub/scrub.c:371: if (memchr_inv(sm->sm_reserved, 0, sizeof(sm->sm_reserved)))
fs/xfs/xfs_icache.h:95: if (memchr_inv(&src->pad32, 0, sizeof(src->pad32)) ||
fs/xfs/xfs_icache.h:96: memchr_inv(src->pad64, 0, sizeof(src->pad64)))
fs/xfs/xfs_ioctl.c:846: memchr_inv(hdr->reserved, 0, sizeof(hdr->reserved)))
fs/xfs/xfs_ioctl.c:1866: if (memchr_inv(head.fmh_reserved, 0, sizeof(head.fmh_reserved)) ||
fs/xfs/xfs_ioctl.c:1867: memchr_inv(head.fmh_keys[0].fmr_reserved, 0,
fs/xfs/xfs_ioctl.c:1869: memchr_inv(head.fmh_keys[1].fmr_reserved, 0,
include/rdma/ib_verbs.h:2782: ret = !memchr_inv(buf, 0, len);
kernel/bpf/syscall.c:461: memchr_inv((void *) &attr->CMD##_LAST_FIELD + \
mm/vmstat.c:1827: if (memchr_inv(p->vm_stat_diff, 0, NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS *
mm/vmstat.c:1831: if (memchr_inv(p->vm_numa_stat_diff, 0, NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS *
net/bpf/test_run.c:196: return !memchr_inv((u8 *)buf + from, 0, to - from);
net/sched/act_ct.c:317: if (!memchr_inv(labels_m, 0, labels_sz))
net/sched/act_ct.c:762: if (mask && !memchr_inv(mask, 0, len))
net/sched/cls_flower.c:1322: memchr_inv(((char *)mask) + FL_KEY_MEMBER_OFFSET(member), \
net/sched/cls_flower.c:1967: if (!memchr_inv(mask, 0, len))
net/sched/cls_flower.c:2006: if (!memchr_inv(mpls_mask, 0, sizeof(*mpls_mask)))
net/sched/cls_flower.c:2058: if (!memchr_inv(vlan_mask, 0, sizeof(*vlan_mask)))
net/sched/cls_flower.c:2092: if (!memchr_inv(&flags_mask, 0, sizeof(flags_mask)))
security/keys/dh.c:257: if (memchr_inv(kdfcopy->__spare, 0, sizeof(kdfcopy->__spare))) {

- 66 out of 90. So it smell like we might want something like
bool all_zeroes(const void *p, size_t)
somewhere in lib/string.c, with comment regarding keeping it in sync
with __user variant.

Another thing is that for s390 we almost certainly want something better
than word-by-word. IIRC, word-sized userland accesses really hurt there.
It's nowhere near as critical as with strncpy_from_user(), but with the
same underlying issue.

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