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Subject[PATCH v4 1/5] Powerpc/Watchpoint: Fix length calculation for unaligned target
Date
Watchpoint match range is always doubleword(8 bytes) aligned on
powerpc. If the given range is crossing doubleword boundary, we
need to increase the length such that next doubleword also get
covered. Ex,

address len = 6 bytes
|=========.
|------------v--|------v--------|
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
|---------------|---------------|
<---8 bytes--->

In such case, current code configures hw as:
start_addr = address & ~HW_BREAKPOINT_ALIGN
len = 8 bytes

And thus read/write in last 4 bytes of the given range is ignored.
Fix this by including next doubleword in the length. Plus, fix
ptrace code which is messing up address/len.

Signed-off-by: Ravi Bangoria <ravi.bangoria@linux.ibm.com>
---
arch/powerpc/include/asm/debug.h | 1 +
arch/powerpc/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h | 9 +++--
arch/powerpc/kernel/dawr.c | 6 ++--
arch/powerpc/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c | 24 +++----------
arch/powerpc/kernel/process.c | 46 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/powerpc/kernel/ptrace.c | 37 ++++++++++---------
arch/powerpc/xmon/xmon.c | 3 +-
7 files changed, 83 insertions(+), 43 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/debug.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/debug.h
index 7756026b95ca..9c1b4aaa374b 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/debug.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/debug.h
@@ -45,6 +45,7 @@ static inline int debugger_break_match(struct pt_regs *regs) { return 0; }
static inline int debugger_fault_handler(struct pt_regs *regs) { return 0; }
#endif

+int hw_breakpoint_validate_len(struct arch_hw_breakpoint *hw);
void __set_breakpoint(struct arch_hw_breakpoint *brk);
bool ppc_breakpoint_available(void);
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_ADV_DEBUG_REGS
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h
index 67e2da195eae..27ac6f5d2891 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@ struct arch_hw_breakpoint {
unsigned long address;
u16 type;
u16 len; /* length of the target data symbol */
+ u16 hw_len; /* length programmed in hw */
};

/* Note: Don't change the the first 6 bits below as they are in the same order
@@ -33,6 +34,11 @@ struct arch_hw_breakpoint {
#define HW_BRK_TYPE_PRIV_ALL (HW_BRK_TYPE_USER | HW_BRK_TYPE_KERNEL | \
HW_BRK_TYPE_HYP)

+#define HW_BREAKPOINT_ALIGN 0x7
+
+#define DABR_MAX_LEN 8
+#define DAWR_MAX_LEN 512
+
#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_HW_BREAKPOINT
#include <linux/kdebug.h>
#include <asm/reg.h>
@@ -44,8 +50,6 @@ struct pmu;
struct perf_sample_data;
struct task_struct;

-#define HW_BREAKPOINT_ALIGN 0x7
-
extern int hw_breakpoint_slots(int type);
extern int arch_bp_generic_fields(int type, int *gen_bp_type);
extern int arch_check_bp_in_kernelspace(struct arch_hw_breakpoint *hw);
@@ -70,6 +74,7 @@ static inline void hw_breakpoint_disable(void)
brk.address = 0;
brk.type = 0;
brk.len = 0;
+ brk.hw_len = 0;
if (ppc_breakpoint_available())
__set_breakpoint(&brk);
}
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/dawr.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/dawr.c
index 5f66b95b6858..8531623aa9b2 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/dawr.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/dawr.c
@@ -30,10 +30,10 @@ int set_dawr(struct arch_hw_breakpoint *brk)
* DAWR length is stored in field MDR bits 48:53. Matches range in
* doublewords (64 bits) baised by -1 eg. 0b000000=1DW and
* 0b111111=64DW.
- * brk->len is in bytes.
+ * brk->hw_len is in bytes.
* This aligns up to double word size, shifts and does the bias.
*/
- mrd = ((brk->len + 7) >> 3) - 1;
+ mrd = ((brk->hw_len + 7) >> 3) - 1;
dawrx |= (mrd & 0x3f) << (63 - 53);

if (ppc_md.set_dawr)
@@ -54,7 +54,7 @@ static ssize_t dawr_write_file_bool(struct file *file,
const char __user *user_buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
- struct arch_hw_breakpoint null_brk = {0, 0, 0};
+ struct arch_hw_breakpoint null_brk = {0, 0, 0, 0};
size_t rc;

/* Send error to user if they hypervisor won't allow us to write DAWR */
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
index 1007ec36b4cb..5a2d8c306c40 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
@@ -133,9 +133,9 @@ int hw_breakpoint_arch_parse(struct perf_event *bp,
const struct perf_event_attr *attr,
struct arch_hw_breakpoint *hw)
{
- int ret = -EINVAL, length_max;
+ int ret = -EINVAL;

- if (!bp)
+ if (!bp || !attr->bp_len)
return ret;

hw->type = HW_BRK_TYPE_TRANSLATE;
@@ -155,26 +155,10 @@ int hw_breakpoint_arch_parse(struct perf_event *bp,
hw->address = attr->bp_addr;
hw->len = attr->bp_len;

- /*
- * Since breakpoint length can be a maximum of HW_BREAKPOINT_LEN(8)
- * and breakpoint addresses are aligned to nearest double-word
- * HW_BREAKPOINT_ALIGN by rounding off to the lower address, the
- * 'symbolsize' should satisfy the check below.
- */
if (!ppc_breakpoint_available())
return -ENODEV;
- length_max = 8; /* DABR */
- if (dawr_enabled()) {
- length_max = 512 ; /* 64 doublewords */
- /* DAWR region can't cross 512 boundary */
- if ((attr->bp_addr >> 9) !=
- ((attr->bp_addr + attr->bp_len - 1) >> 9))
- return -EINVAL;
- }
- if (hw->len >
- (length_max - (hw->address & HW_BREAKPOINT_ALIGN)))
- return -EINVAL;
- return 0;
+
+ return hw_breakpoint_validate_len(hw);
}

/*
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/process.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/process.c
index 639ceae7da9d..c4fcb7d7a72d 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/process.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/process.c
@@ -715,6 +715,8 @@ static void set_debug_reg_defaults(struct thread_struct *thread)
{
thread->hw_brk.address = 0;
thread->hw_brk.type = 0;
+ thread->hw_brk.len = 0;
+ thread->hw_brk.hw_len = 0;
if (ppc_breakpoint_available())
set_breakpoint(&thread->hw_brk);
}
@@ -780,6 +782,49 @@ static inline int set_dabr(struct arch_hw_breakpoint *brk)
return __set_dabr(dabr, dabrx);
}

+/*
+ * Watchpoint match range is always doubleword(8 bytes) aligned on
+ * powerpc. If the given range is crossing doubleword boundary, we
+ * need to increase the length such that next doubleword also get
+ * covered. Ex,
+ *
+ * address len = 6 bytes
+ * |=========.
+ * |------------v--|------v--------|
+ * | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
+ * |---------------|---------------|
+ * <---8 bytes--->
+ *
+ * In this case, we should configure hw as:
+ * start_addr = address & ~HW_BREAKPOINT_ALIGN
+ * len = 16 bytes
+ *
+ * @start_addr and @end_addr are inclusive.
+ */
+int hw_breakpoint_validate_len(struct arch_hw_breakpoint *hw)
+{
+ u16 max_len = DABR_MAX_LEN;
+ u16 hw_len;
+ unsigned long start_addr, end_addr;
+
+ start_addr = hw->address & ~HW_BREAKPOINT_ALIGN;
+ end_addr = (hw->address + hw->len - 1) | HW_BREAKPOINT_ALIGN;
+ hw_len = end_addr - start_addr + 1;
+
+ if (dawr_enabled()) {
+ max_len = DAWR_MAX_LEN;
+ /* DAWR region can't cross 512 bytes boundary */
+ if ((start_addr >> 9) != (end_addr >> 9))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (hw_len > max_len)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ hw->hw_len = hw_len;
+ return 0;
+}
+
void __set_breakpoint(struct arch_hw_breakpoint *brk)
{
memcpy(this_cpu_ptr(&current_brk), brk, sizeof(*brk));
@@ -816,6 +861,7 @@ static inline bool hw_brk_match(struct arch_hw_breakpoint *a,
return false;
if (a->len != b->len)
return false;
+ /* no need to check hw_len. it's calculated from address and len */
return true;
}

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/ptrace.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/ptrace.c
index 8c92febf5f44..22a68f21cdf9 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/ptrace.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -2425,7 +2425,8 @@ static int ptrace_set_debugreg(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long addr,
return -EIO;
hw_brk.address = data & (~HW_BRK_TYPE_DABR);
hw_brk.type = (data & HW_BRK_TYPE_DABR) | HW_BRK_TYPE_PRIV_ALL;
- hw_brk.len = 8;
+ hw_brk.len = DABR_MAX_LEN;
+ hw_brk.hw_len = DABR_MAX_LEN;
set_bp = (data) && (hw_brk.type & HW_BRK_TYPE_RDWR);
#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_HW_BREAKPOINT
bp = thread->ptrace_bps[0];
@@ -2439,6 +2440,7 @@ static int ptrace_set_debugreg(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long addr,
if (bp) {
attr = bp->attr;
attr.bp_addr = hw_brk.address;
+ attr.bp_len = DABR_MAX_LEN;
arch_bp_generic_fields(hw_brk.type, &attr.bp_type);

/* Enable breakpoint */
@@ -2456,7 +2458,7 @@ static int ptrace_set_debugreg(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long addr,
/* Create a new breakpoint request if one doesn't exist already */
hw_breakpoint_init(&attr);
attr.bp_addr = hw_brk.address;
- attr.bp_len = 8;
+ attr.bp_len = DABR_MAX_LEN;
arch_bp_generic_fields(hw_brk.type,
&attr.bp_type);

@@ -2826,13 +2828,13 @@ static long ppc_set_hwdebug(struct task_struct *child,
struct ppc_hw_breakpoint *bp_info)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_HW_BREAKPOINT
- int len = 0;
struct thread_struct *thread = &(child->thread);
struct perf_event *bp;
struct perf_event_attr attr;
#endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_HW_BREAKPOINT */
#ifndef CONFIG_PPC_ADV_DEBUG_REGS
struct arch_hw_breakpoint brk;
+ int ret = 0;
#endif

if (bp_info->version != 1)
@@ -2880,32 +2882,33 @@ static long ppc_set_hwdebug(struct task_struct *child,
if ((unsigned long)bp_info->addr >= TASK_SIZE)
return -EIO;

- brk.address = bp_info->addr & ~7UL;
+ brk.address = bp_info->addr;
brk.type = HW_BRK_TYPE_TRANSLATE;
- brk.len = 8;
+
+ if (bp_info->addr_mode == PPC_BREAKPOINT_MODE_RANGE_INCLUSIVE)
+ brk.len = bp_info->addr2 - bp_info->addr;
+ else if (bp_info->addr_mode == PPC_BREAKPOINT_MODE_EXACT)
+ brk.len = 1;
+ else
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ ret = hw_breakpoint_validate_len(&brk);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
if (bp_info->trigger_type & PPC_BREAKPOINT_TRIGGER_READ)
brk.type |= HW_BRK_TYPE_READ;
if (bp_info->trigger_type & PPC_BREAKPOINT_TRIGGER_WRITE)
brk.type |= HW_BRK_TYPE_WRITE;
#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_HW_BREAKPOINT
- /*
- * Check if the request is for 'range' breakpoints. We can
- * support it if range < 8 bytes.
- */
- if (bp_info->addr_mode == PPC_BREAKPOINT_MODE_RANGE_INCLUSIVE)
- len = bp_info->addr2 - bp_info->addr;
- else if (bp_info->addr_mode == PPC_BREAKPOINT_MODE_EXACT)
- len = 1;
- else
- return -EINVAL;
bp = thread->ptrace_bps[0];
if (bp)
return -ENOSPC;

/* Create a new breakpoint request if one doesn't exist already */
hw_breakpoint_init(&attr);
- attr.bp_addr = (unsigned long)bp_info->addr & ~HW_BREAKPOINT_ALIGN;
- attr.bp_len = len;
+ attr.bp_addr = (unsigned long)bp_info->addr;
+ attr.bp_len = brk.len;
arch_bp_generic_fields(brk.type, &attr.bp_type);

thread->ptrace_bps[0] = bp = register_user_hw_breakpoint(&attr,
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/xmon/xmon.c b/arch/powerpc/xmon/xmon.c
index d83364ebc5c5..e8a18d725c5e 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/xmon/xmon.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/xmon/xmon.c
@@ -884,7 +884,8 @@ static void insert_cpu_bpts(void)
if (dabr.enabled) {
brk.address = dabr.address;
brk.type = (dabr.enabled & HW_BRK_TYPE_DABR) | HW_BRK_TYPE_PRIV_ALL;
- brk.len = 8;
+ brk.len = DABR_MAX_LEN;
+ brk.hw_len = DABR_MAX_LEN;
__set_breakpoint(&brk);
}

--
2.21.0
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