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SubjectRe: [PATCH 10/35] irqchip/gic-v4.1: VPE table (aka GICR_VPROPBASER) allocation
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Hi Marc,

Some questions about this patch, mostly to confirm that I would
understand things here correctly.

On 2019/9/24 2:25, Marc Zyngier wrote:
> GICv4.1 defines a new VPE table that is potentially shared between
> both the ITSs and the redistributors, following complicated affinity
> rules.
>
> To make things more confusing, the programming of this table at
> the redistributor level is reusing the GICv4.0 GICR_VPROPBASER register
> for something completely different.
>
> The code flow is somewhat complexified by the need to respect the
> affinities required by the HW, meaning that tables can either be
> inherited from a previously discovered ITS or redistributor.
>
> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>
> ---

[...]

> @@ -1962,6 +1965,65 @@ static bool its_parse_indirect_baser(struct its_node *its,
> return indirect;
> }
>
> +static u32 compute_common_aff(u64 val)
> +{
> + u32 aff, clpiaff;
> +
> + aff = FIELD_GET(GICR_TYPER_AFFINITY, val);
> + clpiaff = FIELD_GET(GICR_TYPER_COMMON_LPI_AFF, val);
> +
> + return aff & ~(GENMASK(31, 0) >> (clpiaff * 8));
> +}
> +
> +static u32 compute_its_aff(struct its_node *its)
> +{
> + u64 val;
> + u32 svpet;
> +
> + /*
> + * Reencode the ITS SVPET and MPIDR as a GICR_TYPER, and compute
> + * the resulting affinity. We then use that to see if this match
> + * our own affinity.
> + */
> + svpet = FIELD_GET(GITS_TYPER_SVPET, its->typer);
> + val = FIELD_PREP(GICR_TYPER_COMMON_LPI_AFF, svpet);
> + val |= FIELD_PREP(GICR_TYPER_AFFINITY, its->mpidr);
> + return compute_common_aff(val);
> +}
> +
> +static struct its_node *find_sibbling_its(struct its_node *cur_its)
> +{
> + struct its_node *its;
> + u32 aff;
> +
> + if (!FIELD_GET(GITS_TYPER_SVPET, cur_its->typer))
> + return NULL;
> +
> + aff = compute_its_aff(cur_its);
> +
> + list_for_each_entry(its, &its_nodes, entry) {
> + u64 baser;
> +
> + if (!is_v4_1(its) || its == cur_its)
> + continue;
> +
> + if (!FIELD_GET(GITS_TYPER_SVPET, its->typer))
> + continue;
> +
> + if (aff != compute_its_aff(its))
> + continue;
> +
> + /* GICv4.1 guarantees that the vPE table is GITS_BASER2 */
> + baser = its->tables[2].val;
> + if (!(baser & GITS_BASER_VALID))
> + continue;
> +
> + return its;
> + }
> +
> + return NULL;
> +}
> +
> static void its_free_tables(struct its_node *its)
> {
> int i;
> @@ -2004,6 +2066,15 @@ static int its_alloc_tables(struct its_node *its)
> break;
>
> case GITS_BASER_TYPE_VCPU:
> + if (is_v4_1(its)) {
> + struct its_node *sibbling;
> +
> + if ((sibbling = find_sibbling_its(its))) {
> + its->tables[2] = sibbling->tables[2];

This means thst the vPE table is shared between ITSs which are under the
same affinity group?
Don't we need to set GITS_BASER (by its_setup_baser()) here to tell this
ITS where the vPE table lacates?

> + continue;
> + }
> + }
> +
> indirect = its_parse_indirect_baser(its, baser,
> psz, &order,
> ITS_MAX_VPEID_BITS);
> @@ -2025,6 +2096,212 @@ static int its_alloc_tables(struct its_node *its)
> return 0;
> }
>
> +static u64 inherit_vpe_l1_table_from_its(void)
> +{
> + struct its_node *its;
> + u64 val;
> + u32 aff;
> +
> + val = gic_read_typer(gic_data_rdist_rd_base() + GICR_TYPER);
> + aff = compute_common_aff(val);
> +
> + list_for_each_entry(its, &its_nodes, entry) {
> + u64 baser;
> +
> + if (!is_v4_1(its))
> + continue;
> +
> + if (!FIELD_GET(GITS_TYPER_SVPET, its->typer))
> + continue;
> +
> + if (aff != compute_its_aff(its))
> + continue;
> +
> + /* GICv4.1 guarantees that the vPE table is GITS_BASER2 */
> + baser = its->tables[2].val;
> + if (!(baser & GITS_BASER_VALID))
> + continue;
> +
> + /* We have a winner! */
> + val = GICR_VPROPBASER_4_1_VALID;
> + if (baser & GITS_BASER_INDIRECT)
> + val |= GICR_VPROPBASER_4_1_INDIRECT;
> + val |= FIELD_PREP(GICR_VPROPBASER_4_1_PAGE_SIZE,
> + FIELD_GET(GITS_BASER_PAGE_SIZE_MASK, baser));
> + val |= FIELD_PREP(GICR_VPROPBASER_4_1_ADDR,
> + GITS_BASER_ADDR_48_to_52(baser) >> 12);

I remember the spec says,
GITS_BASER2 "points to" the ITS *vPE table*, which provides mappings
from the vPEID to target Redistributor and associated vpt address.
In GICv4.1 GICR_VPROPBASER "points to" the *vPE Configuration table*,
which stores the locations of each vPE's LPI configuration and pending
table.

And the code here says, if we can find an ITS (which is under the same
CommonLPIAff group with this Redistributor) has already been probed and
allocated an vPE table, then use this vPE table as this Redist's vPE
Configuration table.
So I infer that in GICv4.1, *vPE table* and *vPE Configuration table*
are actually the same concept? And this table is shared between ITSs
and Redists which are under the same affinity group?
Please fix me if I have any misunderstanding.

> + val |= FIELD_PREP(GICR_VPROPBASER_SHAREABILITY_MASK,
> + FIELD_GET(GITS_BASER_SHAREABILITY_MASK, baser));
> + val |= FIELD_PREP(GICR_VPROPBASER_INNER_CACHEABILITY_MASK,
> + FIELD_GET(GITS_BASER_INNER_CACHEABILITY_MASK, baser));
> + val |= FIELD_PREP(GICR_VPROPBASER_4_1_SIZE, GITS_BASER_NR_PAGES(baser) - 1);
> +
> + return val;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static u64 inherit_vpe_l1_table_from_rd(cpumask_t **mask)
> +{
> + u32 aff;
> + u64 val;
> + int cpu;
> +
> + val = gic_read_typer(gic_data_rdist_rd_base() + GICR_TYPER);
> + aff = compute_common_aff(val);
> +
> + for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
> + void __iomem *base = gic_data_rdist_cpu(cpu)->rd_base;
> + u32 tmp;
> +
> + if (!base || cpu == smp_processor_id())
> + continue;
> +
> + val = gic_read_typer(base + GICR_TYPER);
> + tmp = compute_common_aff(val);
> + if (tmp != aff)
> + continue;
> +
> + /*
> + * At this point, we have a victim. This particular CPU
> + * has already booted, and has an affinity that matches
> + * ours wrt CommonLPIAff. Let's use its own VPROPBASER.
> + * Make sure we don't write the Z bit in that case.
> + */
> + val = gits_read_vpropbaser(base + SZ_128K + GICR_VPROPBASER);
> + val &= ~GICR_VPROPBASER_4_1_Z;
> +
> + *mask = gic_data_rdist_cpu(cpu)->vpe_table_mask;
> +
> + return val;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int allocate_vpe_l1_table(void)
> +{
> + void __iomem *vlpi_base = gic_data_rdist_vlpi_base();
> + u64 val, esz, gpsz, npg, pa;
> + unsigned int psz = SZ_64K;
> + unsigned int np, epp;
> + struct page *page;
> +
> + if (!gic_rdists->has_rvpeid)
> + return 0;
> +
> + /*
> + * if VPENDBASER.Valid is set, disable any previously programmed
> + * VPE by setting PendingLast while clearing Valid. This has the
> + * effect of making sure no doorbell will be generated and we can
> + * then safely clear VPROPBASER.Valid.
> + */
> + if (gits_read_vpendbaser(vlpi_base + GICR_VPENDBASER) & GICR_VPENDBASER_Valid)
> + gits_write_vpendbaser(GICR_VPENDBASER_PendingLast,
> + vlpi_base + GICR_VPENDBASER);
> +
> + /*
> + * If we can inherit the configuration from another RD, let's do
> + * so. Otherwise, we have to go through the allocation process. We
> + * assume that all RDs have the exact same requirements, as
> + * nothing will work otherwise.
> + */
> + val = inherit_vpe_l1_table_from_rd(&gic_data_rdist()->vpe_table_mask);
> + if (val & GICR_VPROPBASER_4_1_VALID)
> + goto out;
> +
> + gic_data_rdist()->vpe_table_mask = kzalloc(sizeof(cpumask_t), GFP_KERNEL);

I think we should check the allocation failure here.

> +
> + val = inherit_vpe_l1_table_from_its();
> + if (val & GICR_VPROPBASER_4_1_VALID)
> + goto out;
> +
> + /* First probe the page size */
> + val = FIELD_PREP(GICR_VPROPBASER_4_1_PAGE_SIZE, GIC_PAGE_SIZE_64K);
> + gits_write_vpropbaser(val, vlpi_base + GICR_VPROPBASER);
> + val = gits_read_vpropbaser(vlpi_base + GICR_VPROPBASER);
> + gpsz = FIELD_GET(GICR_VPROPBASER_4_1_PAGE_SIZE, val);
> +
> + switch (gpsz) {
> + default:
> + gpsz = GIC_PAGE_SIZE_4K;
> + /* fall through */
> + case GIC_PAGE_SIZE_4K:
> + psz = SZ_4K;
> + break;
> + case GIC_PAGE_SIZE_16K:
> + psz = SZ_16K;
> + break;
> + case GIC_PAGE_SIZE_64K:
> + psz = SZ_64K;
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * Start populating the register from scratch, including RO fields
> + * (which we want to print in debug cases...)
> + */
> + val = 0;
> + val |= FIELD_PREP(GICR_VPROPBASER_4_1_PAGE_SIZE, gpsz);
> + esz = FIELD_GET(GICR_VPROPBASER_4_1_ENTRY_SIZE, val);
> + val |= FIELD_PREP(GICR_VPROPBASER_4_1_ENTRY_SIZE, esz);

'esz' seems always be 0 here?

> +
> + /* How many entries per GIC page? */
> + esz++;
> + epp = psz / (esz * SZ_8);
> +
> + /*
> + * If we need more than just a single L1 page, flag the table
> + * as indirect and compute the number of required L1 pages.
> + */
> + if (epp < ITS_MAX_VPEID) {
> + int nl2;
> +
> + gic_rdists->flags |= RDIST_FLAGS_VPE_INDIRECT;
> + val |= GICR_VPROPBASER_4_1_INDIRECT;
> +
> + /* Number of L2 pages required to cover the VPEID space */
> + nl2 = DIV_ROUND_UP(ITS_MAX_VPEID, epp);
> +
> + /* Number of L1 pages to point to the L2 pages */
> + npg = DIV_ROUND_UP(nl2 * SZ_8, psz);
> + } else {
> + npg = 1;
> + }
> +
> + val |= FIELD_PREP(GICR_VPROPBASER_4_1_SIZE, npg);
> +
> + /* Right, that's the number of CPU pages we need for L1 */
> + np = DIV_ROUND_UP(npg * psz, PAGE_SIZE);
> +
> + pr_debug("np = %d, npg = %lld, psz = %d, epp = %d, esz = %lld\n",
> + np, npg, psz, epp, esz);
> + page = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO, get_order(np * PAGE_SIZE));
> + if (!page)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + gic_data_rdist()->vpe_l1_page = page;
> + pa = virt_to_phys(page_address(page));
> + WARN_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(pa, psz));
> +
> + val |= FIELD_PREP(GICR_VPROPBASER_4_1_ADDR, pa >> 12);
> + val |= GICR_VPROPBASER_RaWb;
> + val |= GICR_VPROPBASER_InnerShareable;
> + val |= GICR_VPROPBASER_4_1_Z;
> + val |= GICR_VPROPBASER_4_1_VALID;
> +
> +out:
> + gits_write_vpropbaser(val, vlpi_base + GICR_VPROPBASER);
> + cpumask_set_cpu(smp_processor_id(), gic_data_rdist()->vpe_table_mask);
> +
> + pr_debug("CPU%d: VPROPBASER = %llx %*pbl\n",
> + smp_processor_id(), val,
> + cpumask_pr_args(gic_data_rdist()->vpe_table_mask));
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> static int its_alloc_collections(struct its_node *its)
> {
> int i;
> @@ -2224,7 +2501,7 @@ static void its_cpu_init_lpis(void)
> val |= GICR_CTLR_ENABLE_LPIS;
> writel_relaxed(val, rbase + GICR_CTLR);
>
> - if (gic_rdists->has_vlpis) {
> + if (gic_rdists->has_vlpis && !gic_rdists->has_rvpeid) {
> void __iomem *vlpi_base = gic_data_rdist_vlpi_base();
>
> /*
> @@ -2248,6 +2525,16 @@ static void its_cpu_init_lpis(void)
> WARN_ON(val & GICR_VPENDBASER_Dirty);
> }
>
> + if (allocate_vpe_l1_table()) {
> + /*
> + * If the allocation has failed, we're in massive trouble.
> + * Disable direct injection, and pray that no VM was
> + * already running...
> + */
> + gic_rdists->has_rvpeid = false;
> + gic_rdists->has_vlpis = false;
> + }
> +
> /* Make sure the GIC has seen the above */
> dsb(sy);
> out:


Thanks,
zenghui

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