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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH v2 01/12] smp: add generic SMP-stop support to common code
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On 13/09/2019 19:19, Cristian Marussi wrote:
> There was a lot of code duplication across architectures regarding the
> SMP stop procedures' logic; moreover some of this duplicated code logic
> happened to be similarly faulty across a few architectures: while fixing
> such logic, move such generic logic as much as possible inside common
> code.
>
> Collect all the common logic related to SMP stop operations into the
> common SMP code; any architecture willing to use such centralized logic
> can select CONFIG_ARCH_USE_COMMON_STOP=y and provide the related
> arch-specific helpers: in such a scenario, those architectures will
> transparently start using the common code provided by smp_send_stop()
> common function.
>
> On the other side, Architectures not willing to use common code SMP stop
> logic will simply leave CONFIG_ARCH_USE_COMMON_STOP undefined and carry
> on executing their local arch-specific smp_send_stop() as before.
>
> Suggested-by: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Cristian Marussi <cristian.marussi@arm.com>
> ---
> v1 --> v2
> - moved related Kconfig to common code inside arch/Kconfig
> - introduced additional CONFIG_USE_COMMON_STOP selected by
> CONFIG_ARCH_USE_COMMON_STOP
> - introduced helpers to let architectures optionally alter
> the default common code behaviour while waiting for CPUs:
> change timeout or wait for ever. (will be needed by x86)
> ---
> arch/Kconfig | 7 +++++
> include/linux/smp.h | 55 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> kernel/smp.c | 67 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 129 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/arch/Kconfig b/arch/Kconfig
> index a7b57dd42c26..89766e6c0ac8 100644
> --- a/arch/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/Kconfig
> @@ -166,6 +166,13 @@ config ARCH_USE_BUILTIN_BSWAP
> instructions should set this. And it shouldn't hurt to set it
> on architectures that don't have such instructions.
>
> +config ARCH_USE_COMMON_SMP_STOP
> + def_bool n
> +
> +config USE_COMMON_SMP_STOP
> + depends on SMP && ARCH_USE_COMMON_SMP_STOP
> + def_bool y
> +
> config KRETPROBES
> def_bool y
> depends on KPROBES && HAVE_KRETPROBES
> diff --git a/include/linux/smp.h b/include/linux/smp.h
> index 6fc856c9eda5..381a14bfcd96 100644
> --- a/include/linux/smp.h
> +++ b/include/linux/smp.h
> @@ -77,6 +77,61 @@ int smp_call_function_single_async(int cpu, call_single_data_t *csd);
> */
> extern void smp_send_stop(void);
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_USE_COMMON_SMP_STOP
> +static atomic_t wait_forever;
> +static atomic_t wait_timeout = ATOMIC_INIT(USEC_PER_SEC);
> +
> +/*
> + * An Architecture can optionally decide to use this helper to change the
> + * waiting behaviour of common STOP logic, forcing to wait forever for
> + * all CPUs to be stopped.
> + */
> +static inline void smp_stop_set_wait_forever(int wait)
> +{
> + atomic_set(&wait_forever, wait);
> + /* ensure wait atomic-op is visible */
> + smp_mb__after_atomic();
> +}
> +

These new helpers I added in V2 to let x86 configure wait/timeout SMP common stop behavior
are in fact deadly broken as of now since based on underlying static header-globals.
I'll fix in V3.

Cheers

Cristian


> +/*
> + * An Architecture can optionally decide to use this helper to change the
> + * waiting timeout of common STOP logic. A ZERO timeout means no timeout
> + * at all as long as wait_forever was not previously set.
> + *
> + * Note that wait_forever and timeout must remain individually selectable:
> + * so you can temporarily request wait_forever while keeping the same timeout
> + * settings.
> + */
> +static inline void smp_stop_set_wait_timeout_us(unsigned long timeout)
> +{
> + atomic_set(&wait_timeout, timeout);
> + /* ensure timeout atomic-op is visible */
> + smp_mb__after_atomic();
> +}
> +
> +/* Retrieve the current wait settings. */
> +static inline bool smp_stop_get_wait_timeout_us(unsigned long *timeout)
> +{
> + if (timeout)
> + *timeout = atomic_read(&wait_timeout);
> + return atomic_read(&wait_forever);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Any Architecture willing to use STOP common logic implementation
> + * MUST at least provide the arch_smp_stop_call() helper which is in
> + * charge of its own arch-specific CPU-stop mechanism.
> + */
> +extern void arch_smp_stop_call(cpumask_t *cpus);
> +
> +/*
> + * An Architecture CAN also provide the arch_smp_cpus_stop_complete()
> + * dedicated helper, to perform any final arch-specific operation on
> + * the local CPU once the other CPUs have been successfully stopped.
> + */
> +void arch_smp_cpus_stop_complete(void);
> +#endif
> +
> /*
> * sends a 'reschedule' event to another CPU:
> */
> diff --git a/kernel/smp.c b/kernel/smp.c
> index 7dbcb402c2fc..72f99bf13fd0 100644
> --- a/kernel/smp.c
> +++ b/kernel/smp.c
> @@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
> #include <linux/sched.h>
> #include <linux/sched/idle.h>
> #include <linux/hypervisor.h>
> +#include <linux/delay.h>
>
> #include "smpboot.h"
>
> @@ -817,3 +818,69 @@ int smp_call_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, int (*func)(void *), void *par, bool phys)
> return sscs.ret;
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(smp_call_on_cpu);
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_USE_COMMON_SMP_STOP
> +void __weak arch_smp_cpus_stop_complete(void) { }
> +
> +static inline bool any_other_cpus_online(cpumask_t *mask,
> + unsigned int this_cpu_id)
> +{
> + cpumask_copy(mask, cpu_online_mask);
> + cpumask_clear_cpu(this_cpu_id, mask);
> +
> + return !cpumask_empty(mask);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * This centralizes the common logic to:
> + *
> + * - evaluate which CPUs are online and needs to be notified for stop,
> + * while considering properly the status of the calling CPU
> + *
> + * - call the arch-specific helpers to request the effective stop
> + *
> + * - wait for the stop operation to be completed across all involved CPUs
> + * monitoring the cpu_online_mask
> + */
> +void smp_send_stop(void)
> +{
> + unsigned int this_cpu_id;
> + cpumask_t mask;
> +
> + this_cpu_id = smp_processor_id();
> + if (any_other_cpus_online(&mask, this_cpu_id)) {
> + bool wait;
> + unsigned long timeout;
> + unsigned int this_cpu_online = cpu_online(this_cpu_id);
> +
> + if (system_state <= SYSTEM_RUNNING)
> + pr_crit("stopping secondary CPUs\n");
> + arch_smp_stop_call(&mask);
> +
> + /*
> + * Defaults to wait up to one second for other CPUs to stop;
> + * architectures can modify the default timeout or request
> + * to wait forever.
> + *
> + * Here we rely simply on cpu_online_mask to sync with
> + * arch-specific stop code without bloating the code with an
> + * additional atomic_t ad-hoc counter.
> + *
> + * As a consequence we'll need proper explicit memory barriers
> + * in case the other CPUs running the arch-specific stop-code
> + * would need to commit to memory some data (like saved_regs).
> + */
> + wait = smp_stop_get_wait_timeout_us(&timeout);
> + while (num_online_cpus() > this_cpu_online &&
> + (wait || timeout--))
> + udelay(1);
> + /* ensure any stopping-CPUs memory access is made visible */
> + smp_rmb();
> + if (num_online_cpus() > this_cpu_online)
> + pr_warn("failed to stop secondary CPUs %*pbl\n",
> + cpumask_pr_args(cpu_online_mask));
> + }
> + /* Perform final (possibly arch-specific) work on this CPU */
> + arch_smp_cpus_stop_complete();
> +}
> +#endif
>

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