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SubjectRe: [PATCH v7 02/21] RISC-V: Add bitmap reprensenting ISA features common across CPUs
On Sat, Sep 21, 2019 at 3:31 PM Paul Walmsley <paul.walmsley@sifive.com> wrote:
>
> Hi Anup,
>
> Thanks for changing this to use a bitmap. A few comments below -
>
> On Wed, 4 Sep 2019, Anup Patel wrote:
>
> > This patch adds riscv_isa bitmap which represents Host ISA features
> > common across all Host CPUs. The riscv_isa is not same as elf_hwcap
> > because elf_hwcap will only have ISA features relevant for user-space
> > apps whereas riscv_isa will have ISA features relevant to both kernel
> > and user-space apps.
> >
> > One of the use-case for riscv_isa bitmap is in KVM hypervisor where
> > we will use it to do following operations:
> >
> > 1. Check whether hypervisor extension is available
> > 2. Find ISA features that need to be virtualized (e.g. floating
> > point support, vector extension, etc.)
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Anup Patel <anup.patel@wdc.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Atish Patra <atish.patra@wdc.com>
> > Reviewed-by: Alexander Graf <graf@amazon.com>
> > ---
> > arch/riscv/include/asm/hwcap.h | 26 +++++++++++
> > arch/riscv/kernel/cpufeature.c | 79 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> > 2 files changed, 102 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/hwcap.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/hwcap.h
> > index 7ecb7c6a57b1..9b657375aa51 100644
> > --- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/hwcap.h
> > +++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/hwcap.h
> > @@ -8,6 +8,7 @@
> > #ifndef __ASM_HWCAP_H
> > #define __ASM_HWCAP_H
> >
> > +#include <linux/bits.h>
> > #include <uapi/asm/hwcap.h>
> >
> > #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
> > @@ -22,5 +23,30 @@ enum {
> > };
> >
> > extern unsigned long elf_hwcap;
> > +
> > +#define RISCV_ISA_EXT_a ('a' - 'a')
> > +#define RISCV_ISA_EXT_c ('c' - 'a')
> > +#define RISCV_ISA_EXT_d ('d' - 'a')
> > +#define RISCV_ISA_EXT_f ('f' - 'a')
> > +#define RISCV_ISA_EXT_h ('h' - 'a')
> > +#define RISCV_ISA_EXT_i ('i' - 'a')
> > +#define RISCV_ISA_EXT_m ('m' - 'a')
> > +#define RISCV_ISA_EXT_s ('s' - 'a')
> > +#define RISCV_ISA_EXT_u ('u' - 'a')
> > +#define RISCV_ISA_EXT_zicsr (('z' - 'a') + 1)
> > +#define RISCV_ISA_EXT_zifencei (('z' - 'a') + 2)
> > +#define RISCV_ISA_EXT_zam (('z' - 'a') + 3)
> > +#define RISCV_ISA_EXT_ztso (('z' - 'a') + 4)
>
> If we add the Z extensions here, it's probably best if we drop Zam from
> this list. The rationale is, as maintainers, we're planning to hold off
> on merging any support for extensions or modules that aren't in the
> "frozen" or "ratified" states, and according to the RISC-V specs, Zicsr,
> Zifencei, and Ztso are all either frozen or ratified. However, see
> below -

No problem, I will remove Zam define.

Please add documentation under Documentation/riscv regarding the
policy of not merging support for RISC-V extensions which aren't in
"frozen" or "ratified" state.

>
> > +
> > +#define RISCV_ISA_EXT_MAX 256
> > +
> > +unsigned long riscv_isa_extension_base(const unsigned long *isa_bitmap);
> > +
> > +#define riscv_isa_extension_mask(ext) BIT_MASK(RISCV_ISA_EXT_##ext)
> > +
> > +bool __riscv_isa_extension_available(const unsigned long *isa_bitmap, int bit);
> > +#define riscv_isa_extension_available(isa_bitmap, ext) \
> > + __riscv_isa_extension_available(isa_bitmap, RISCV_ISA_EXT_##ext)
> > +
> > #endif
> > #endif
> > diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/cpufeature.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/cpufeature.c
> > index b1ade9a49347..4ce71ce5e290 100644
> > --- a/arch/riscv/kernel/cpufeature.c
> > +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/cpufeature.c
> > @@ -6,21 +6,64 @@
> > * Copyright (C) 2017 SiFive
> > */
> >
> > +#include <linux/bitmap.h>
> > #include <linux/of.h>
> > #include <asm/processor.h>
> > #include <asm/hwcap.h>
> > #include <asm/smp.h>
> >
> > unsigned long elf_hwcap __read_mostly;
> > +
> > +/* Host ISA bitmap */
> > +static DECLARE_BITMAP(riscv_isa, RISCV_ISA_EXT_MAX) __read_mostly;
> > +
> > #ifdef CONFIG_FPU
> > bool has_fpu __read_mostly;
> > #endif
> >
> > +/**
> > + * riscv_isa_extension_base - Get base extension word
> > + *
> > + * @isa_bitmap ISA bitmap to use
> > + * @returns base extension word as unsigned long value
> > + *
> > + * NOTE: If isa_bitmap is NULL then Host ISA bitmap will be used.
> > + */
>
> Am happy to see comments that can be automatically parsed, but could you
> reformat them into kernel-doc format?
>
> https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/tree/Documentation/doc-guide/kernel-doc.rst

Sure, I will update comments as-per kernel-doc.rst.

>
> > +unsigned long riscv_isa_extension_base(const unsigned long *isa_bitmap)
> > +{
> > + if (!isa_bitmap)
> > + return riscv_isa[0];
> > + return isa_bitmap[0];
> > +}
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(riscv_isa_extension_base);
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * __riscv_isa_extension_available - Check whether given extension
> > + * is available or not
> > + *
> > + * @isa_bitmap ISA bitmap to use
> > + * @bit bit position of the desired extension
> > + * @returns true or false
> > + *
> > + * NOTE: If isa_bitmap is NULL then Host ISA bitmap will be used.
> > + */
>
> Same comment as above.

Okay, I will update.

>
> > +bool __riscv_isa_extension_available(const unsigned long *isa_bitmap, int bit)
> > +{
> > + const unsigned long *bmap = (isa_bitmap) ? isa_bitmap : riscv_isa;
> > +
> > + if (bit >= RISCV_ISA_EXT_MAX)
> > + return false;
> > +
> > + return test_bit(bit, bmap) ? true : false;
> > +}
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__riscv_isa_extension_available);
> > +
> > void riscv_fill_hwcap(void)
> > {
> > struct device_node *node;
> > const char *isa;
> > - size_t i;
> > + char print_str[BITS_PER_LONG+1];
> > + size_t i, j, isa_len;
> > static unsigned long isa2hwcap[256] = {0};
> >
> > isa2hwcap['i'] = isa2hwcap['I'] = COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_I;
> > @@ -32,8 +75,11 @@ void riscv_fill_hwcap(void)
> >
> > elf_hwcap = 0;
> >
> > + bitmap_zero(riscv_isa, RISCV_ISA_EXT_MAX);
> > +
> > for_each_of_cpu_node(node) {
> > unsigned long this_hwcap = 0;
> > + unsigned long this_isa = 0;
> >
> > if (riscv_of_processor_hartid(node) < 0)
> > continue;
> > @@ -43,8 +89,20 @@ void riscv_fill_hwcap(void)
> > continue;
> > }
> >
> > - for (i = 0; i < strlen(isa); ++i)
> > + i = 0;
> > + isa_len = strlen(isa);
> > +#if defined(CONFIG_32BIT)
> > + if (!strncmp(isa, "rv32", 4))
> > + i += 4;
> > +#elif defined(CONFIG_64BIT)
> > + if (!strncmp(isa, "rv64", 4))
> > + i += 4;
> > +#endif
> > + for (; i < isa_len; ++i) {
> > this_hwcap |= isa2hwcap[(unsigned char)(isa[i])];
> > + if ('a' <= isa[i] && isa[i] <= 'z')
> > + this_isa |= (1UL << (isa[i] - 'a'));
>
> Continuing from the earlier comment, this code won't properly handle the X
> and Z prefix extensions. So maybe for the time being, we should just drop
> the lines mentioned earlier that imply that we can parse Z-prefix
> extensions, and change this line so it ignores X and Z letters?
>
> Then a subsequent patch can add support for more complicated extension
> string parsing.

Okay, we sill not parse 'x' and 'z' bits (which can be added later for
X and Z prefix extensions).

>
>
> > + }
> >
> > /*
> > * All "okay" hart should have same isa. Set HWCAP based on
> > @@ -55,6 +113,11 @@ void riscv_fill_hwcap(void)
> > elf_hwcap &= this_hwcap;
> > else
> > elf_hwcap = this_hwcap;
> > +
> > + if (riscv_isa[0])
> > + riscv_isa[0] &= this_isa;
> > + else
> > + riscv_isa[0] = this_isa;
> > }
> >
> > /* We don't support systems with F but without D, so mask those out
> > @@ -64,7 +127,17 @@ void riscv_fill_hwcap(void)
> > elf_hwcap &= ~COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_F;
> > }
> >
> > - pr_info("elf_hwcap is 0x%lx\n", elf_hwcap);
> > + memset(print_str, 0, sizeof(print_str));
> > + for (i = 0, j = 0; i < BITS_PER_LONG; i++)
> > + if (riscv_isa[0] & BIT_MASK(i))
> > + print_str[j++] = (char)('a' + i);
> > + pr_info("riscv: ISA extensions %s\n", print_str);
> > +
> > + memset(print_str, 0, sizeof(print_str));
> > + for (i = 0, j = 0; i < BITS_PER_LONG; i++)
> > + if (elf_hwcap & BIT_MASK(i))
> > + print_str[j++] = (char)('a' + i);
> > + pr_info("riscv: ELF capabilities %s\n", print_str);
> >
> > #ifdef CONFIG_FPU
> > if (elf_hwcap & (COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_F | COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_D))
> > --
> > 2.17.1
> >
> >
>
>
> - Paul

Regards,
Anup

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