lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2019]   [Sep]   [22]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [PATCH net-next] tuntap: Fallback to automq on TUNSETSTEERINGEBPF prog negative return
On Sun, Sep 22, 2019 at 10:43:19AM -0700, Matt Cover wrote:
> On Sun, Sep 22, 2019 at 5:37 AM Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com> wrote:
> >
> > On Fri, Sep 20, 2019 at 11:58:43AM -0700, Matthew Cover wrote:
> > > Treat a negative return from a TUNSETSTEERINGEBPF bpf prog as a signal
> > > to fallback to tun_automq_select_queue() for tx queue selection.
> > >
> > > Compilation of this exact patch was tested.
> > >
> > > For functional testing 3 additional printk()s were added.
> > >
> > > Functional testing results (on 2 txq tap device):
> > >
> > > [Fri Sep 20 18:33:27 2019] ========== tun no prog ==========
> > > [Fri Sep 20 18:33:27 2019] tuntap: tun_ebpf_select_queue() returned '-1'
> > > [Fri Sep 20 18:33:27 2019] tuntap: tun_automq_select_queue() ran
> > > [Fri Sep 20 18:33:27 2019] ========== tun prog -1 ==========
> > > [Fri Sep 20 18:33:27 2019] tuntap: bpf_prog_run_clear_cb() returned '-1'
> > > [Fri Sep 20 18:33:27 2019] tuntap: tun_ebpf_select_queue() returned '-1'
> > > [Fri Sep 20 18:33:27 2019] tuntap: tun_automq_select_queue() ran
> > > [Fri Sep 20 18:33:27 2019] ========== tun prog 0 ==========
> > > [Fri Sep 20 18:33:27 2019] tuntap: bpf_prog_run_clear_cb() returned '0'
> > > [Fri Sep 20 18:33:27 2019] tuntap: tun_ebpf_select_queue() returned '0'
> > > [Fri Sep 20 18:33:27 2019] ========== tun prog 1 ==========
> > > [Fri Sep 20 18:33:27 2019] tuntap: bpf_prog_run_clear_cb() returned '1'
> > > [Fri Sep 20 18:33:27 2019] tuntap: tun_ebpf_select_queue() returned '1'
> > > [Fri Sep 20 18:33:27 2019] ========== tun prog 2 ==========
> > > [Fri Sep 20 18:33:27 2019] tuntap: bpf_prog_run_clear_cb() returned '2'
> > > [Fri Sep 20 18:33:27 2019] tuntap: tun_ebpf_select_queue() returned '0'
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Matthew Cover <matthew.cover@stackpath.com>
> >
> >
> > Could you add a bit more motivation data here?
>
> Thank you for these questions Michael.
>
> I'll plan on adding the below information to the
> commit message and submitting a v2 of this patch
> when net-next reopens. In the meantime, it would
> be very helpful to know if these answers address
> some of your concerns.
>
> > 1. why is this a good idea
>
> This change allows TUNSETSTEERINGEBPF progs to
> do any of the following.
> 1. implement queue selection for a subset of
> traffic (e.g. special queue selection logic
> for ipv4, but return negative and use the
> default automq logic for ipv6)
> 2. determine there isn't sufficient information
> to do proper queue selection; return
> negative and use the default automq logic
> for the unknown
> 3. implement a noop prog (e.g. do
> bpf_trace_printk() then return negative and
> use the default automq logic for everything)
>
> > 2. how do we know existing userspace does not rely on existing behaviour
>
> Prior to this change a negative return from a
> TUNSETSTEERINGEBPF prog would have been cast
> into a u16 and traversed netdev_cap_txqueue().
>
> In most cases netdev_cap_txqueue() would have
> found this value to exceed real_num_tx_queues
> and queue_index would be updated to 0.
>
> It is possible that a TUNSETSTEERINGEBPF prog
> return a negative value which when cast into a
> u16 results in a positive queue_index less than
> real_num_tx_queues. For example, on x86_64, a
> return value of -65535 results in a queue_index
> of 1; which is a valid queue for any multiqueue
> device.
>
> It seems unlikely, however as stated above is
> unfortunately possible, that existing
> TUNSETSTEERINGEBPF programs would choose to
> return a negative value rather than return the
> positive value which holds the same meaning.
>
> It seems more likely that future
> TUNSETSTEERINGEBPF programs would leverage a
> negative return and potentially be loaded into
> a kernel with the old behavior.

OK if we are returning a special
value, shouldn't we limit it? How about a special
value with this meaning?
If we are changing an ABI let's at least make it
extensible.

> > 3. why doesn't userspace need a way to figure out whether it runs on a kernel with and
> > without this patch
>
> There may be some value in exposing this fact
> to the ebpf prog loader. What is the standard
> practice here, a define?


We'll need something at runtime - people move binaries between kernels
without rebuilding then. An ioctl is one option.
A sysfs attribute is another, an ethtool flag yet another.
A combination of these is possible.

And if we are doing this anyway, maybe let userspace select
the new behaviour? This way we can stay compatible with old
userspace...

> >
> >
> > thanks,
> > MST
> >
> > > ---
> > > drivers/net/tun.c | 20 +++++++++++---------
> > > 1 file changed, 11 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/drivers/net/tun.c b/drivers/net/tun.c
> > > index aab0be4..173d159 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/net/tun.c
> > > +++ b/drivers/net/tun.c
> > > @@ -583,35 +583,37 @@ static u16 tun_automq_select_queue(struct tun_struct *tun, struct sk_buff *skb)
> > > return txq;
> > > }
> > >
> > > -static u16 tun_ebpf_select_queue(struct tun_struct *tun, struct sk_buff *skb)
> > > +static int tun_ebpf_select_queue(struct tun_struct *tun, struct sk_buff *skb)
> > > {
> > > struct tun_prog *prog;
> > > u32 numqueues;
> > > - u16 ret = 0;
> > > + int ret = -1;
> > >
> > > numqueues = READ_ONCE(tun->numqueues);
> > > if (!numqueues)
> > > return 0;
> > >
> > > + rcu_read_lock();
> > > prog = rcu_dereference(tun->steering_prog);
> > > if (prog)
> > > ret = bpf_prog_run_clear_cb(prog->prog, skb);
> > > + rcu_read_unlock();
> > >
> > > - return ret % numqueues;
> > > + if (ret >= 0)
> > > + ret %= numqueues;
> > > +
> > > + return ret;
> > > }
> > >
> > > static u16 tun_select_queue(struct net_device *dev, struct sk_buff *skb,
> > > struct net_device *sb_dev)
> > > {
> > > struct tun_struct *tun = netdev_priv(dev);
> > > - u16 ret;
> > > + int ret;
> > >
> > > - rcu_read_lock();
> > > - if (rcu_dereference(tun->steering_prog))
> > > - ret = tun_ebpf_select_queue(tun, skb);
> > > - else
> > > + ret = tun_ebpf_select_queue(tun, skb);
> > > + if (ret < 0)
> > > ret = tun_automq_select_queue(tun, skb);
> > > - rcu_read_unlock();
> > >
> > > return ret;
> > > }
> > > --
> > > 1.8.3.1

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2019-09-22 22:37    [W:0.196 / U:23.916 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site