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SubjectRe: [PATCH v14 1/6] sched/core: uclamp: Extend CPU's cgroup controller
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On Fri, Aug 30, 2019 at 09:45:05 +0000, Peter Zijlstra wrote...

> On Thu, Aug 22, 2019 at 02:28:06PM +0100, Patrick Bellasi wrote:
>> +#define _POW10(exp) ((unsigned int)1e##exp)
>> +#define POW10(exp) _POW10(exp)
>
> What is this magic? You're forcing a float literal into an integer.
> Surely that deserves a comment!

Yes, I'm introducing the two constants:
UCLAMP_PERCENT_SHIFT,
UCLAMP_PERCENT_SCALE
similar to what we have for CAPACITY. Moreover, I need both 100*100 (for
the scale) and 100 further down in the code for the:

percent = div_u64_rem(percent, POW10(UCLAMP_PERCENT_SHIFT), &rem);

used in cpu_uclamp_print().

That's why adding a compile time support to compute a 10^N is useful.

C provides the "1eN" literal, I just convert it to integer and to do
that at compile time I need a two level macros.

What if I add this comment just above the macro definitions:

/*
* Integer 10^N with a given N exponent by casting to integer the literal "1eN"
* C expression. Since there is no way to convert a macro argument (N) into a
* character constant, use two levels of macros.
*/

is this clear enough?

>
>> +struct uclamp_request {
>> +#define UCLAMP_PERCENT_SHIFT 2
>> +#define UCLAMP_PERCENT_SCALE (100 * POW10(UCLAMP_PERCENT_SHIFT))
>> + s64 percent;
>> + u64 util;
>> + int ret;
>> +};
>> +
>> +static inline struct uclamp_request
>> +capacity_from_percent(char *buf)
>> +{
>> + struct uclamp_request req = {
>> + .percent = UCLAMP_PERCENT_SCALE,
>> + .util = SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE,
>> + .ret = 0,
>> + };
>> +
>> + buf = strim(buf);
>> + if (strncmp("max", buf, 4)) {
>
> That is either a bug, and you meant to write: strncmp(buf, "max", 3),
> or it is not, and then you could've written: strcmp(buf, "max")

I don't think it's a bug.

The usage of 4 is intentional, to force a '\0' check while using
strncmp(). Otherwise, strncmp(buf, "max", 3) would accept also strings
starting by "max", which we don't want.

> But as written it doesn't make sense.

The code is safe but I agree that strcmp() does just the same and it
does not generate confusion. That's actually a pretty good example
on how it's not always better to use strncmp() instead of strcmp().

Cheers,
Patrick

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