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SubjectRe: [PATCH V2 2/2] mm/pgtable/debug: Add test validating architecture page table helpers

On 09/13/2019 03:31 PM, Christophe Leroy wrote:
> Le 13/09/2019 à 11:02, Anshuman Khandual a écrit :
>>>> +#if !defined(__PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED) && !defined(__ARCH_HAS_4LEVEL_HACK)
>>> #ifdefs have to be avoided as much as possible, see below
>> Yeah but it has been bit difficult to avoid all these $ifdef because of the
>> availability (or lack of it) for all these pgtable helpers in various config
>> combinations on all platforms.
> As far as I can see these pgtable helpers should exist everywhere at least via asm-generic/ files.

But they might not actually do the right thing.

> Can you spot a particular config which fails ?

Lets consider the following example (after removing the $ifdefs around it)
which though builds successfully but fails to pass the intended test. This
is with arm64 config 4K pages sizes with 39 bits VA space which ends up
with a 3 level page table arrangement.

static void __init p4d_clear_tests(p4d_t *p4dp)
p4d_t p4d = READ_ONCE(*p4dp);

p4d = __p4d(p4d_val(p4d) | RANDOM_ORVALUE);
WRITE_ONCE(*p4dp, p4d);
p4d = READ_ONCE(*p4dp);

The following test hits an error at WARN_ON(!p4d_none(p4d))

[ 16.757333] ------------[ cut here ]------------
[ 16.758019] WARNING: CPU: 11 PID: 1 at mm/arch_pgtable_test.c:187 arch_pgtable_tests_init+0x24c/0x474
[ 16.759455] Modules linked in:
[ 16.759952] CPU: 11 PID: 1 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 5.3.0-next-20190916-00005-g61c218153bb8-dirty #222
[ 16.761449] Hardware name: linux,dummy-virt (DT)
[ 16.762185] pstate: 00400005 (nzcv daif +PAN -UAO)
[ 16.762964] pc : arch_pgtable_tests_init+0x24c/0x474
[ 16.763750] lr : arch_pgtable_tests_init+0x174/0x474
[ 16.764534] sp : ffffffc011d7bd50
[ 16.765065] x29: ffffffc011d7bd50 x28: ffffffff1756bac0
[ 16.765908] x27: ffffff85ddaf3000 x26: 00000000000002e8
[ 16.766767] x25: ffffffc0111ce000 x24: ffffff85ddaf32e8
[ 16.767606] x23: ffffff85ddaef278 x22: 00000045cc844000
[ 16.768445] x21: 000000065daef003 x20: ffffffff17540000
[ 16.769283] x19: ffffff85ddb60000 x18: 0000000000000014
[ 16.770122] x17: 00000000980426bb x16: 00000000698594c6
[ 16.770976] x15: 0000000066e25a88 x14: 0000000000000000
[ 16.771813] x13: ffffffff17540000 x12: 000000000000000a
[ 16.772651] x11: ffffff85fcfd0a40 x10: 0000000000000001
[ 16.773488] x9 : 0000000000000008 x8 : ffffffc01143ab26
[ 16.774336] x7 : 0000000000000000 x6 : 0000000000000000
[ 16.775180] x5 : 0000000000000000 x4 : 0000000000000000
[ 16.776018] x3 : ffffffff1756bbe8 x2 : 000000065daeb003
[ 16.776856] x1 : 000000000065daeb x0 : fffffffffffff000
[ 16.777693] Call trace:
[ 16.778092] arch_pgtable_tests_init+0x24c/0x474
[ 16.778843] do_one_initcall+0x74/0x1b0
[ 16.779458] kernel_init_freeable+0x1cc/0x290
[ 16.780151] kernel_init+0x10/0x100
[ 16.780710] ret_from_fork+0x10/0x18
[ 16.781282] ---[ end trace 042e6c40c0a3b038 ]---

On arm64 (4K page size|39 bits VA|3 level page table)

#elif CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS == 3 /* Applicable here */
#include <asm-generic/pgtable-nopud.h>

Which pulls in

#include <asm-generic/pgtable-nop4d-hack.h>

which pulls in

#include <asm-generic/5level-fixup.h>

which defines

static inline int p4d_none(p4d_t p4d)
return 0;

which will invariably trigger WARN_ON(!p4d_none(p4d)).

Similarly for next test p4d_populate_tests() which will always be
successful because p4d_bad() invariably returns negative.

static inline int p4d_bad(p4d_t p4d)
return 0;

static void __init p4d_populate_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4dp,
pud_t *pudp)
p4d_t p4d;

* This entry points to next level page table page.
* Hence this must not qualify as p4d_bad().
p4d_populate(mm, p4dp, pudp);
p4d = READ_ONCE(*p4dp);

We should not run these tests for the above config because they are
not applicable and will invariably produce same result.

> [...]
>>>> +#if !defined(__PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED) && !defined(__ARCH_HAS_5LEVEL_HACK)
>>> The same can be done here.
>> IIRC not only the page table helpers but there are data types (pxx_t) which
>> were not present on various configs and these wrappers help prevent build
>> failures. Any ways will try and see if this can be improved further. But
>> meanwhile if you have some suggestions, please do let me know.
> pgt_t and pmd_t are everywhere I guess.
> then pud_t and p4d_t have fallbacks in asm-generic files.

Lets take another example where it fails to compile. On arm64 with 16K
page size, 48 bits VA, 4 level page table arrangement in the following
test, pgd_populate() does not have the required signature.

static void pgd_populate_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgdp, p4d_t *p4dp)
pgd_t pgd;

if (mm_p4d_folded(mm))

* This entry points to next level page table page.
* Hence this must not qualify as pgd_bad().
pgd_populate(mm, pgdp, p4dp);
pgd = READ_ONCE(*pgdp);

mm/arch_pgtable_test.c: In function ‘pgd_populate_tests’:
mm/arch_pgtable_test.c:254:25: error: passing argument 3 of ‘pgd_populate’ from incompatible pointer type [-Werror=incompatible-pointer-types]
pgd_populate(mm, pgdp, p4dp);
In file included from mm/arch_pgtable_test.c:27:0:
./arch/arm64/include/asm/pgalloc.h:81:20: note: expected ‘pud_t * {aka struct <anonymous> *}’ but argument is of type ‘pgd_t * {aka struct <anonymous> *}’
static inline void pgd_populate(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgdp, pud_t *pudp)

The build failure is because p4d_t * maps to pgd_t * but the applicable
(it does not fallback on generic ones) pgd_populate() expects a pud_t *.

Except for archs which have 5 level page able, pgd_populate() always accepts
lower level page table pointers as the last argument as they dont have that
many levels.

arch/x86/include/asm/pgalloc.h:static inline void pgd_populate(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, p4d_t *p4d)
arch/s390/include/asm/pgalloc.h:static inline void pgd_populate(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, p4d_t *p4d)

But others

arch/arm64/include/asm/pgalloc.h:static inline void pgd_populate(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgdp, pud_t *pudp)
arch/m68k/include/asm/motorola_pgalloc.h:static inline void pgd_populate(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, pmd_t *pmd)
arch/mips/include/asm/pgalloc.h:static inline void pgd_populate(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, pud_t *pud)
arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/64/pgalloc.h:static inline void pgd_populate(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, pud_t *pud)

I remember going through all these combinations before arriving at the
current state of #ifdef exclusions. Probably, to solved this all platforms
have to define pxx_populate() helpers assuming they support 5 level page

> So it shouldn't be an issue. Maybe if a couple of arches miss them, the best would be to fix the arches, since that's the purpose of your testsuite isn't it ?

The run time failures as explained previously is because of the folding which
needs to be protected as they are not even applicable. The compile time
failures are because pxx_populate() signatures are platform specific depending
on how many page table levels they really support.

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