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Subject[PATCH v6 00/10] s390: vfio-ap: dynamic configuration support
The current design for AP pass-through does not support making dynamic
changes to the AP matrix of a running guest resulting in three deficiencies
this patch series is intended to mitigate:

1. Adapters, domains and control domains can not be added to or removed
from a running guest. In order to modify a guest's AP configuration,
the guest must be terminated; only then can AP resources be assigned
to or unassigned from the guest's matrix mdev. The new AP configuration
becomes available to the guest when it is subsequently restarted.

2. The AP bus's /sys/bus/ap/apmask and /sys/bus/ap/aqmask interfaces can
be modified by a root user without any restrictions. A change to either
mask can result in AP queue devices being unbound from the vfio_ap
device driver and bound to a zcrypt device driver even if a guest is
using the queues, thus giving the host access to the guest's private
crypto data and vice versa.

3. The APQNs derived from the Cartesian product of the APIDs of the
adapters and APQIs of the domains assigned to a matrix mdev must
reference an AP queue device bound to the vfio_ap device driver.

This patch series introduces the following changes to the current design
to alleviate the shortcomings described above as well as to implement more
of the AP architecture:

1. A root user will be prevented from making changes to the AP bus's
/sys/bus/ap/apmask or /sys/bus/ap/aqmask if the ownership of an APQN
changes from the vfio_ap device driver to a zcrypt driver when the APQN
is assigned to a matrix mdev.

2. The sysfs bind/unbind interfaces will be disabled for the vfio_ap
device driver.

3. Allow AP resources to be assigned to or removed from a matrix mdev
while a guest is using it and hot plug the resource into or hot unplug
the resource from the running guest.

4. Allow assignment of an AP adapter or domain to a matrix mdev even if it
results in assignment of an APQN that does not reference an AP queue
device bound to the vfio_ap device driver, as long as the APQN is owned
by the vfio_ap driver. Allowing over-provisioning of AP resources
better models the architecture which does not preclude assigning AP
resources that are not yet available in the system. If/when the queue
becomes available to the host, it will immediately also become available
to the guest.

1. Rationale for changes to AP bus's apmask/aqmask interfaces:
Due to the extremely sensitive nature of cryptographic data, it is
imperative that great care be taken to ensure that such data is secured.
Allowing a root user, either inadvertently or maliciously, to configure
these masks such that a queue is shared between the host and a guest is
not only avoidable, it is advisable. It was suggested that this scenario
is better handled in user space with management software, but that does
not preclude a malicious administrator from using the sysfs interfaces
to gain access to a guest's crypto data. It was also suggested that this
scenario could be avoided by taking access to the adapter away from the
guest and zeroing out the queues prior to the vfio_ap driver releasing the
device; however, stealing an adapter in use from a guest as a by-product
of an operation is bad and will likely cause problems for the guest
unnecessarily. It was decided that the most effective solution with the
least number of negative side effects is to prevent the situation at the

2. Rationale for disabling bind/unbind interfaces for vfio_ap driver:
By disabling the bind/unbind interfaces for the vfio_ap device driver,
the user is forced to use the AP bus's apmask/aqmask interfaces to control
the probing and removing of AP queues. There are two primary reasons for
disabling the bind/unbind interfaces for the vfio_ap device driver:

* The device architecture does not provide a means to prevent unbinding
a device from a device driver, so an AP queue device can be unbound
from the vfio_ap driver even when the queue is in use by a guest. By
disabling the unbind interface, the user is forced to use the AP bus's
apmask/aqmask interfaces which will prevent this.

* Binding of AP queues is controlled by the AP bus /sys/bus/ap/apmask and
/sys/bus/ap/aqmask interfaces. If the masks indicate that an APQN is
owned by zcrypt, trying to bind it to the vfio_ap device driver will
fail; therefore, the bind interface is somewhat redundant and certainly

3. Rationale for hot plug/unplug using matrix mdev sysfs interfaces:
Allowing a user to hot plug/unplug AP resources using the matrix mdev
sysfs interfaces circumvents the need to terminate the guest in order to
modify its AP configuration. Allowing dynamic configuration makes
reconfiguring a guest's AP matrix much less disruptive.

4. Rationale for allowing over-provisioning of AP resources:
Allowing assignment of AP resources to a matrix mdev and ultimately to a
guest better models the AP architecture. The architecture does not
preclude assignment of unavailable AP resources. If a queue subsequently
becomes available while a guest using the matrix mdev to which its APQN
is assigned, the guest will automatically acquire access to it. If an APQN
is dynamically unassigned from the underlying host system, it will
automatically become unavailable to the guest.

Change log v5-v6:
* Fixed a bug in ap_bus.c introduced with patch 2/7 of the v5
series. Harald Freudenberer pointed out that the mutex lock
for ap_perms_mutex in the apmask_store and aqmask_store functions
was not being freed.

* Removed patch 6/7 which added logging to the vfio_ap driver
to expedite acceptance of this series. The logging will be introduced
with a separate patch series to allow more time to explore options
such as DBF logging vs. tracepoints.

* Added 3 patches related to ensuring that APQNs that do not reference
AP queue devices bound to the vfio_ap device driver are not assigned
to the guest CRYCB:

Patch 4: Filter CRYCB bits for unavailable queue devices
Patch 5: sysfs attribute to display the guest CRYCB
Patch 6: update guest CRYCB in vfio_ap probe and remove callbacks

* Added a patch (Patch 9) to version the vfio_ap module.

* Reshuffled patches to allow the in_use callback implementation to
invoke the vfio_ap_mdev_verify_no_sharing() function introduced in
patch 2.

Change log v4-v5:
* Added a patch to provide kernel s390dbf debug logs for VFIO AP

Change log v3->v4:
* Restored patches preventing root user from changing ownership of
APQNs from zcrypt drivers to the vfio_ap driver if the APQN is
assigned to an mdev.

* No longer enforcing requirement restricting guest access to
queues represented by a queue device bound to the vfio_ap
device driver.

* Removed shadow CRYCB and now directly updating the guest CRYCB
from the matrix mdev's matrix.

* Rebased the patch series on top of 'vfio: ap: AP Queue Interrupt
Control' patches.

* Disabled bind/unbind sysfs interfaces for vfio_ap driver

Change log v2->v3:
* Allow guest access to an AP queue only if the queue is bound to
the vfio_ap device driver.

* Removed the patch to test CRYCB masks before taking the vCPUs
out of SIE. Now checking the shadow CRYCB in the vfio_ap driver.

Change log v1->v2:
* Removed patches preventing root user from unbinding AP queues from
the vfio_ap device driver
* Introduced a shadow CRYCB in the vfio_ap driver to manage dynamic
changes to the AP guest configuration due to root user interventions
or hardware anomalies.

Tony Krowiak (10):
s390: vfio-ap: Refactor vfio_ap driver probe and remove callbacks
s390: vfio-ap: allow assignment of unavailable AP resources to mdev
s390: vfio-ap: allow hot plug/unplug of AP resources using mdev device
s390: vfio-ap: filter CRYCB bits for unavailable queue devices
s390: vfio-ap: sysfs attribute to display the guest CRYCB
s390: vfio-ap: update guest CRYCB in vfio_ap probe and remove
s390: zcrypt: driver callback to indicate resource in use
s390: vfio-ap: implement in-use callback for vfio_ap driver
s390: vfio-ap: added versioning to vfio_ap module
s390: vfio-ap: update documentation

Documentation/s390/vfio-ap.rst | 899 +++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
drivers/s390/crypto/ap_bus.c | 144 +++++-
drivers/s390/crypto/ap_bus.h | 4 +
drivers/s390/crypto/vfio_ap_drv.c | 27 +-
drivers/s390/crypto/vfio_ap_ops.c | 610 ++++++++++++++---------
drivers/s390/crypto/vfio_ap_private.h | 12 +-
6 files changed, 1200 insertions(+), 496 deletions(-)


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