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SubjectRe: [PATCH] sched: rt: Make RT capacity aware
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On 9/4/19 4:40 PM, Qais Yousef wrote:
> On 09/04/19 07:25, Steven Rostedt wrote:
>> On Tue, 3 Sep 2019 11:33:29 +0100
>> Qais Yousef <qais.yousef@arm.com> wrote:

[...]

>>> @@ -1614,7 +1660,8 @@ static void put_prev_task_rt(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
>>> static int pick_rt_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int cpu)
>>> {
>>> if (!task_running(rq, p) &&
>>> - cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, p->cpus_ptr))
>>> + cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, p->cpus_ptr) &&
>>> + rt_task_fits_capacity(p, cpu))
>>
>> Hmm, so if a CPU goes idle, and looks for CPUS with more than one RT
>> task queued (overloaded), it will skip pulling RT tasks if they are
>> below capacity. Is that the desired effect? I think we could end up
>> with a small idle CPUs with RT tasks waiting to run.
>
> The intention was not to pull this task that doesn't fit. But not to abort the
> whole pull operation. pick_highest_pushable_task() should still iterate through
> the remaining tasks, or did I miss something?

On a big.LITTLE system (6 CPUs with [446 1024 1024 446 466 466] CPU
capacity vector) I try to trace the handling of the 3rd big task
(big2-2, util_min: 800, util_max: 1024) of an rt-app workload running 3
of them.

rt_task_fits_capacity() call in:

tag 1: select_task_rq_rt(), 3-7: 1st till 5th in find_lowest_rq()

[ 37.505325] rt_task_fits_capacity: CPU3 tag=1 [big2-2 285] ret=0
[ 37.505882] find_lowest_rq: CPU3 [big2-2 285] tag=1 find_lowest_rq
[ 37.506509] CPU3 [big2-2 285] lowest_mask=0,3-5
[ 37.507971] rt_task_fits_capacity: CPU3 tag=3 [big2-2 285] ret=0
[ 37.508200] rt_task_fits_capacity: CPU3 tag=4 [big2-2 285] ret=0
[ 37.509486] rt_task_fits_capacity: CPU0 tag=5 [big2-2 285] ret=0
[ 37.510191] rt_task_fits_capacity: CPU3 tag=5 [big2-2 285] ret=0
[ 37.511334] rt_task_fits_capacity: CPU4 tag=5 [big2-2 285] ret=0
[ 37.512194] rt_task_fits_capacity: CPU5 tag=5 [big2-2 285] ret=0
[ 37.513210] rt_task_fits_capacity: CPU0 tag=6 [big2-2 285] ret=0
[ 37.514085] rt_task_fits_capacity: CPU3 tag=7 [big2-2 285] ret=0
[ 37.514732] --> select_task_rq_rt: CPU3 [big2-2 285] cpu=0

Since CPU 0,3-5 can't run big2-2, it takes up to the test that the
fitness hasn't changed. In case a capacity-aware (with fallback CPU)
cpupri_find() would have returned a suitable lowest_mask, less work
would have been needed.

The snippet is repeating itself for the whole run of the workload since
all the rt-tasks run for the same time and I'm only faking big.LITTLE on
qemu.

[...]

>>> rcu_read_lock();
>>> for_each_domain(cpu, sd) {
>>> @@ -1692,11 +1747,15 @@ static int find_lowest_rq(struct task_struct *task)
>>> return this_cpu;
>>> }
>>>
>>> - best_cpu = cpumask_first_and(lowest_mask,
>>> - sched_domain_span(sd));
>>> - if (best_cpu < nr_cpu_ids) {
>>> - rcu_read_unlock();
>>> - return best_cpu;
>>> + for_each_cpu_and(best_cpu, lowest_mask,
>>> + sched_domain_span(sd)) {
>>> + if (best_cpu >= nr_cpu_ids)
>>
>> Can that happen in this loop?
>
> I kept the condition that was originally here but inverted the logic so we
> don't mindlessly iterate through the rest of the CPUs. IOW, tried to retain the
> original behavior of `if (best_cpu < nr_cpu_ids)` logic.
>
> Whether we can remove this check I don't know to be honest. Similar check exist
> below and I did wonder under what conditions this could happen but didn't try
> to follow the thread.
>
> The only case I can think about is if we set nr_cpu_ids through command line
> to a lower value. Then if cpu_possible_mask and family aren't updated
> accordingly then yeah this check will protect against scheduling on cpus the
> users said they don't want to use? Just guessing.

Why don't you build the capacity awareness into cpupri_find(...,
lowest_mask)?
You would have to add a fallback strategy in case p doesn't fit on any
CPUs cpupri_find() returns today as lowest_mask. (return the CPU with
the max capacity).

Luca proposed something like this for SCHED_DEADLINE in "[RFC PATCH 0/6]
Capacity awareness for SCHED_DEADLINE" (patch 2/6 and 5/6)

https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190506044836.2914-1-luca.abeni@santannapisa.it

In this case you could get rid of all the newly introduced
rt_task_fits_capacity() logic in find_lowest_rq().

---

I can't see the

for_each_domain(cpu, sd) {
for_each_cpu_and(best_cpu, lowest_mask, sched_domain_span(sd)) {
...
}
}

other than we want to pick a CPU from the lowest_mask first which is
closer to task_cpu(task).

Qemu doesn't give me cluster:

# cat /proc/sys/kernel/sched_domain/cpu0/domain*/name
MC

[...]

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