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Subject[PATCH v5] video: hyperv: hyperv_fb: Support deferred IO for Hyper-V frame buffer driver
Date
Without deferred IO support, hyperv_fb driver informs the host to refresh
the entire guest frame buffer at fixed rate, e.g. at 20Hz, no matter there
is screen update or not. This patch supports deferred IO for screens in
graphics mode and also enables the frame buffer on-demand refresh. The
highest refresh rate is still set at 20Hz.

Currently Hyper-V only takes a physical address from guest as the starting
address of frame buffer. This implies the guest must allocate contiguous
physical memory for frame buffer. In addition, Hyper-V Gen 2 VMs only
accept address from MMIO region as frame buffer address. Due to these
limitations on Hyper-V host, we keep a shadow copy of frame buffer
in the guest. This means one more copy of the dirty rectangle inside
guest when doing the on-demand refresh. This can be optimized in the
future with help from host. For now the host performance gain from deferred
IO outweighs the shadow copy impact in the guest.

Signed-off-by: Wei Hu <weh@microsoft.com>
---
v2: Incorporated review comments from Michael Kelley
- Increased dirty rectangle by one row in deferred IO case when sending
to Hyper-V.
- Corrected the dirty rectangle size in the text mode.
- Added more comments.
- Other minor code cleanups.

v3: Incorporated more review comments
- Removed a few unnecessary variable tests

v4: Incorporated test and review feedback from Dexuan Cui
- Not disable interrupt while acquiring docopy_lock in
hvfb_update_work(). This avoids significant bootup delay in
large vCPU count VMs.

v5: Completely remove the unnecessary docopy_lock after discussing
with Dexuan Cui.

drivers/video/fbdev/Kconfig | 1 +
drivers/video/fbdev/hyperv_fb.c | 208 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
2 files changed, 189 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/video/fbdev/Kconfig b/drivers/video/fbdev/Kconfig
index 1b2f5f31fb6f..e781f89a1824 100644
--- a/drivers/video/fbdev/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/video/fbdev/Kconfig
@@ -2241,6 +2241,7 @@ config FB_HYPERV
select FB_CFB_FILLRECT
select FB_CFB_COPYAREA
select FB_CFB_IMAGEBLIT
+ select FB_DEFERRED_IO
help
This framebuffer driver supports Microsoft Hyper-V Synthetic Video.

diff --git a/drivers/video/fbdev/hyperv_fb.c b/drivers/video/fbdev/hyperv_fb.c
index fe319fc39bec..89a5ec3741b9 100644
--- a/drivers/video/fbdev/hyperv_fb.c
+++ b/drivers/video/fbdev/hyperv_fb.c
@@ -237,6 +237,7 @@ struct synthvid_msg {
#define RING_BUFSIZE (256 * 1024)
#define VSP_TIMEOUT (10 * HZ)
#define HVFB_UPDATE_DELAY (HZ / 20)
+#define HVFB_ONDEMAND_THROTTLE (HZ / 20)

struct hvfb_par {
struct fb_info *info;
@@ -256,6 +257,16 @@ struct hvfb_par {
bool synchronous_fb;

struct notifier_block hvfb_panic_nb;
+
+ /* Memory for deferred IO and frame buffer itself */
+ unsigned char *dio_vp;
+ unsigned char *mmio_vp;
+ unsigned long mmio_pp;
+
+ /* Dirty rectangle, protected by delayed_refresh_lock */
+ int x1, y1, x2, y2;
+ bool delayed_refresh;
+ spinlock_t delayed_refresh_lock;
};

static uint screen_width = HVFB_WIDTH;
@@ -264,6 +275,7 @@ static uint screen_width_max = HVFB_WIDTH;
static uint screen_height_max = HVFB_HEIGHT;
static uint screen_depth;
static uint screen_fb_size;
+static uint dio_fb_size; /* FB size for deferred IO */

/* Send message to Hyper-V host */
static inline int synthvid_send(struct hv_device *hdev,
@@ -350,28 +362,88 @@ static int synthvid_send_ptr(struct hv_device *hdev)
}

/* Send updated screen area (dirty rectangle) location to host */
-static int synthvid_update(struct fb_info *info)
+static int
+synthvid_update(struct fb_info *info, int x1, int y1, int x2, int y2)
{
struct hv_device *hdev = device_to_hv_device(info->device);
struct synthvid_msg msg;

memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(struct synthvid_msg));
+ if (x2 == INT_MAX)
+ x2 = info->var.xres;
+ if (y2 == INT_MAX)
+ y2 = info->var.yres;

msg.vid_hdr.type = SYNTHVID_DIRT;
msg.vid_hdr.size = sizeof(struct synthvid_msg_hdr) +
sizeof(struct synthvid_dirt);
msg.dirt.video_output = 0;
msg.dirt.dirt_count = 1;
- msg.dirt.rect[0].x1 = 0;
- msg.dirt.rect[0].y1 = 0;
- msg.dirt.rect[0].x2 = info->var.xres;
- msg.dirt.rect[0].y2 = info->var.yres;
+ msg.dirt.rect[0].x1 = (x1 > x2) ? 0 : x1;
+ msg.dirt.rect[0].y1 = (y1 > y2) ? 0 : y1;
+ msg.dirt.rect[0].x2 =
+ (x2 < x1 || x2 > info->var.xres) ? info->var.xres : x2;
+ msg.dirt.rect[0].y2 =
+ (y2 < y1 || y2 > info->var.yres) ? info->var.yres : y2;

synthvid_send(hdev, &msg);

return 0;
}

+static void hvfb_docopy(struct hvfb_par *par,
+ unsigned long offset,
+ unsigned long size)
+{
+ if (!par || !par->mmio_vp || !par->dio_vp || !par->fb_ready ||
+ size == 0 || offset >= dio_fb_size)
+ return;
+
+ if (offset + size > dio_fb_size)
+ size = dio_fb_size - offset;
+
+ memcpy(par->mmio_vp + offset, par->dio_vp + offset, size);
+}
+
+/* Deferred IO callback */
+static void synthvid_deferred_io(struct fb_info *p,
+ struct list_head *pagelist)
+{
+ struct hvfb_par *par = p->par;
+ struct page *page;
+ unsigned long start, end;
+ int y1, y2, miny, maxy;
+
+ miny = INT_MAX;
+ maxy = 0;
+
+ /*
+ * Merge dirty pages. It is possible that last page cross
+ * over the end of frame buffer row yres. This is taken care of
+ * in synthvid_update function by clamping the y2
+ * value to yres.
+ */
+ list_for_each_entry(page, pagelist, lru) {
+ start = page->index << PAGE_SHIFT;
+ end = start + PAGE_SIZE - 1;
+ y1 = start / p->fix.line_length;
+ y2 = end / p->fix.line_length;
+ miny = min_t(int, miny, y1);
+ maxy = max_t(int, maxy, y2);
+
+ /* Copy from dio space to mmio address */
+ if (par->fb_ready)
+ hvfb_docopy(par, start, PAGE_SIZE);
+ }
+
+ if (par->fb_ready)
+ synthvid_update(p, 0, miny, p->var.xres, maxy + 1);
+}
+
+static struct fb_deferred_io synthvid_defio = {
+ .delay = HZ / 20,
+ .deferred_io = synthvid_deferred_io,
+};

/*
* Actions on received messages from host:
@@ -618,7 +690,7 @@ static int synthvid_send_config(struct hv_device *hdev)
msg->vid_hdr.type = SYNTHVID_VRAM_LOCATION;
msg->vid_hdr.size = sizeof(struct synthvid_msg_hdr) +
sizeof(struct synthvid_vram_location);
- msg->vram.user_ctx = msg->vram.vram_gpa = info->fix.smem_start;
+ msg->vram.user_ctx = msg->vram.vram_gpa = par->mmio_pp;
msg->vram.is_vram_gpa_specified = 1;
synthvid_send(hdev, msg);

@@ -628,7 +700,7 @@ static int synthvid_send_config(struct hv_device *hdev)
ret = -ETIMEDOUT;
goto out;
}
- if (msg->vram_ack.user_ctx != info->fix.smem_start) {
+ if (msg->vram_ack.user_ctx != par->mmio_pp) {
pr_err("Unable to set VRAM location\n");
ret = -ENODEV;
goto out;
@@ -645,19 +717,77 @@ static int synthvid_send_config(struct hv_device *hdev)

/*
* Delayed work callback:
- * It is called at HVFB_UPDATE_DELAY or longer time interval to process
- * screen updates. It is re-scheduled if further update is necessary.
+ * It is scheduled to call whenever update request is received and it has
+ * not been called in last HVFB_ONDEMAND_THROTTLE time interval.
*/
static void hvfb_update_work(struct work_struct *w)
{
struct hvfb_par *par = container_of(w, struct hvfb_par, dwork.work);
struct fb_info *info = par->info;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ int x1, x2, y1, y2;
+ int j;

+ spin_lock_irqsave(&par->delayed_refresh_lock, flags);
+ /* Reset the request flag */
+ par->delayed_refresh = false;
+
+ /* Store the dirty rectangle to local variables */
+ x1 = par->x1;
+ x2 = par->x2;
+ y1 = par->y1;
+ y2 = par->y2;
+
+ /* Clear dirty rectangle */
+ par->x1 = par->y1 = INT_MAX;
+ par->x2 = par->y2 = 0;
+
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&par->delayed_refresh_lock, flags);
+
+ if (x1 > info->var.xres || x2 > info->var.xres ||
+ y1 > info->var.yres || y2 > info->var.yres || x2 <= x1)
+ return;
+
+ /* Copy the dirty rectangle to frame buffer memory */
+ for (j = y1; j < y2; j++) {
+ hvfb_docopy(par,
+ j * info->fix.line_length +
+ (x1 * screen_depth / 8),
+ (x2 - x1) * screen_depth / 8);
+ }
+
+ /* Refresh */
if (par->fb_ready)
- synthvid_update(info);
+ synthvid_update(info, x1, y1, x2, y2);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Control the on-demand refresh frequency. It schedules a delayed
+ * screen update if it has not yet.
+ */
+static void hvfb_ondemand_refresh_throttle(struct hvfb_par *par,
+ int x1, int y1, int w, int h)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ int x2 = x1 + w;
+ int y2 = y1 + h;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&par->delayed_refresh_lock, flags);
+
+ /* Merge dirty rectangle */
+ par->x1 = min_t(int, par->x1, x1);
+ par->y1 = min_t(int, par->y1, y1);
+ par->x2 = max_t(int, par->x2, x2);
+ par->y2 = max_t(int, par->y2, y2);
+
+ /* Schedule a delayed screen update if not yet */
+ if (par->delayed_refresh == false) {
+ schedule_delayed_work(&par->dwork,
+ HVFB_ONDEMAND_THROTTLE);
+ par->delayed_refresh = true;
+ }

- if (par->update)
- schedule_delayed_work(&par->dwork, HVFB_UPDATE_DELAY);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&par->delayed_refresh_lock, flags);
}

static int hvfb_on_panic(struct notifier_block *nb,
@@ -669,7 +799,8 @@ static int hvfb_on_panic(struct notifier_block *nb,
par = container_of(nb, struct hvfb_par, hvfb_panic_nb);
par->synchronous_fb = true;
info = par->info;
- synthvid_update(info);
+ hvfb_docopy(par, 0, dio_fb_size);
+ synthvid_update(info, 0, 0, INT_MAX, INT_MAX);

return NOTIFY_DONE;
}
@@ -730,7 +861,10 @@ static void hvfb_cfb_fillrect(struct fb_info *p,

cfb_fillrect(p, rect);
if (par->synchronous_fb)
- synthvid_update(p);
+ synthvid_update(p, 0, 0, INT_MAX, INT_MAX);
+ else
+ hvfb_ondemand_refresh_throttle(par, rect->dx, rect->dy,
+ rect->width, rect->height);
}

static void hvfb_cfb_copyarea(struct fb_info *p,
@@ -740,7 +874,10 @@ static void hvfb_cfb_copyarea(struct fb_info *p,

cfb_copyarea(p, area);
if (par->synchronous_fb)
- synthvid_update(p);
+ synthvid_update(p, 0, 0, INT_MAX, INT_MAX);
+ else
+ hvfb_ondemand_refresh_throttle(par, area->dx, area->dy,
+ area->width, area->height);
}

static void hvfb_cfb_imageblit(struct fb_info *p,
@@ -750,7 +887,10 @@ static void hvfb_cfb_imageblit(struct fb_info *p,

cfb_imageblit(p, image);
if (par->synchronous_fb)
- synthvid_update(p);
+ synthvid_update(p, 0, 0, INT_MAX, INT_MAX);
+ else
+ hvfb_ondemand_refresh_throttle(par, image->dx, image->dy,
+ image->width, image->height);
}

static struct fb_ops hvfb_ops = {
@@ -809,6 +949,9 @@ static int hvfb_getmem(struct hv_device *hdev, struct fb_info *info)
resource_size_t pot_start, pot_end;
int ret;

+ dio_fb_size =
+ screen_width * screen_height * screen_depth / 8;
+
if (gen2vm) {
pot_start = 0;
pot_end = -1;
@@ -843,9 +986,14 @@ static int hvfb_getmem(struct hv_device *hdev, struct fb_info *info)
if (!fb_virt)
goto err2;

+ /* Allocate memory for deferred IO */
+ par->dio_vp = vzalloc(round_up(dio_fb_size, PAGE_SIZE));
+ if (par->dio_vp == NULL)
+ goto err3;
+
info->apertures = alloc_apertures(1);
if (!info->apertures)
- goto err3;
+ goto err4;

if (gen2vm) {
info->apertures->ranges[0].base = screen_info.lfb_base;
@@ -857,16 +1005,23 @@ static int hvfb_getmem(struct hv_device *hdev, struct fb_info *info)
info->apertures->ranges[0].size = pci_resource_len(pdev, 0);
}

+ /* Physical address of FB device */
+ par->mmio_pp = par->mem->start;
+ /* Virtual address of FB device */
+ par->mmio_vp = (unsigned char *) fb_virt;
+
info->fix.smem_start = par->mem->start;
- info->fix.smem_len = screen_fb_size;
- info->screen_base = fb_virt;
- info->screen_size = screen_fb_size;
+ info->fix.smem_len = dio_fb_size;
+ info->screen_base = par->dio_vp;
+ info->screen_size = dio_fb_size;

if (!gen2vm)
pci_dev_put(pdev);

return 0;

+err4:
+ vfree(par->dio_vp);
err3:
iounmap(fb_virt);
err2:
@@ -884,6 +1039,7 @@ static void hvfb_putmem(struct fb_info *info)
{
struct hvfb_par *par = info->par;

+ vfree(par->dio_vp);
iounmap(info->screen_base);
vmbus_free_mmio(par->mem->start, screen_fb_size);
par->mem = NULL;
@@ -909,6 +1065,11 @@ static int hvfb_probe(struct hv_device *hdev,
init_completion(&par->wait);
INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&par->dwork, hvfb_update_work);

+ par->delayed_refresh = false;
+ spin_lock_init(&par->delayed_refresh_lock);
+ par->x1 = par->y1 = INT_MAX;
+ par->x2 = par->y2 = 0;
+
/* Connect to VSP */
hv_set_drvdata(hdev, info);
ret = synthvid_connect_vsp(hdev);
@@ -960,6 +1121,10 @@ static int hvfb_probe(struct hv_device *hdev,
info->fbops = &hvfb_ops;
info->pseudo_palette = par->pseudo_palette;

+ /* Initialize deferred IO */
+ info->fbdefio = &synthvid_defio;
+ fb_deferred_io_init(info);
+
/* Send config to host */
ret = synthvid_send_config(hdev);
if (ret)
@@ -981,6 +1146,7 @@ static int hvfb_probe(struct hv_device *hdev,
return 0;

error:
+ fb_deferred_io_cleanup(info);
hvfb_putmem(info);
error2:
vmbus_close(hdev->channel);
@@ -1003,6 +1169,8 @@ static int hvfb_remove(struct hv_device *hdev)
par->update = false;
par->fb_ready = false;

+ fb_deferred_io_cleanup(info);
+
unregister_framebuffer(info);
cancel_delayed_work_sync(&par->dwork);

--
2.20.1
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