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SubjectRe: problem starting /sbin/init (32-bit 5.3-rc8)
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On 9/12/19 6:46 PM, Kees Cook wrote:
> On Thu, Sep 12, 2019 at 05:16:02PM -0700, Kees Cook wrote:
>> On Thu, Sep 12, 2019 at 02:40:19PM -0700, Randy Dunlap wrote:
>>> This is 32-bit kernel, just happens to be running on a 64-bit laptop.
>>> I added the debug printk in __phys_addr() just before "[cut here]".
>>>
>>> CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY=y
>>
>> I can reproduce this under CONFIG_DEBUG_VIRTUAL=y, and it goes back
>> to at least to v5.2. Booting with "hardened_usercopy=off" or without
>> CONFIG_DEBUG_VIRTUAL makes this go away (since __phys_addr() doesn't
>> get called):
>>
>> __check_object_size+0xff/0x1b0:
>> pfn_to_section_nr at include/linux/mmzone.h:1153
>> (inlined by) __pfn_to_section at include/linux/mmzone.h:1291
>> (inlined by) virt_to_head_page at include/linux/mm.h:729
>> (inlined by) check_heap_object at mm/usercopy.c:230
>> (inlined by) __check_object_size at mm/usercopy.c:280
>>
>> Is virt_to_head_page() illegal to use under some recently new conditions?
>
> This combination appears to be bugged since the original introduction
> of hardened usercopy in v4.8. Is this an untested combination until
> now? (I don't usually do tests with CONFIG_DEBUG_VIRTUAL, but I guess
> I will from now on!)
>
> Note from the future (i.e. the end of this email where I figure it out):
> it turns out it's actually these three together:
>
> CONFIG_HIGHMEM=y
> CONFIG_DEBUG_VIRTUAL=y
> CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY=y
>
>>
>>> The BUG is this line in arch/x86/mm/physaddr.c:
>>> VIRTUAL_BUG_ON((phys_addr >> PAGE_SHIFT) > max_low_pfn);
>>> It's line 83 in my source file only due to adding <linux/printk.h> and
>>> a conditional pr_crit() call.
>
> What exactly is this trying to test?
>
>>> [ 19.730409][ T1] debug: unmapping init [mem 0xdc7bc000-0xdca30fff]
>>> [ 19.734289][ T1] Write protecting kernel text and read-only data: 13888k
>>> [ 19.737675][ T1] rodata_test: all tests were successful
>>> [ 19.740757][ T1] Run /sbin/init as init process
>>> [ 19.792877][ T1] __phys_addr: max_low_pfn=0x36ffe, x=0xff001ff1, phys_addr=0x3f001ff1
>
> It seems like this address is way out of range of the physical memory.
> That seems like it's vmalloc or something, but that was actually
> explicitly tested for back in the v4.8 version (it became unneeded
> later).
>
>>> [ 19.796561][ T1] ------------[ cut here ]------------
>>> [ 19.797501][ T1] kernel BUG at ../arch/x86/mm/physaddr.c:83!
>>> [ 19.802799][ T1] invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] PREEMPT SMP DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
>>> [ 19.803782][ T1] CPU: 1 PID: 1 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 5.3.0-rc8 #6
>>> [ 19.803782][ T1] Hardware name: Dell Inc. Inspiron 1318 /0C236D, BIOS A04 01/15/2009
>>> [ 19.803782][ T1] EIP: __phys_addr+0xaf/0x100
>>> [ 19.803782][ T1] Code: 85 c0 74 67 89 f7 c1 ef 0c 39 f8 73 2e 56 53 50 68 90 9f 1f dc 68 00 eb 45 dc e8 ec b3 09 00 83 c4 14 3b 3d 30 55 cf dc 76 11 <0f> 0b b8 7c 3b 5c dc e8 45 53 4c 00 90 8d 74 26 00 89 d8 e8 39 cd
>>> [ 19.803782][ T1] EAX: 00000044 EBX: ff001ff1 ECX: 00000000 EDX: db90a471
>>> [ 19.803782][ T1] ESI: 3f001ff1 EDI: 0003f001 EBP: f41ddea0 ESP: f41dde90
>>> [ 19.803782][ T1] DS: 007b ES: 007b FS: 00d8 GS: 00e0 SS: 0068 EFLAGS: 00010216
>>> [ 19.803782][ T1] CR0: 80050033 CR2: dc218544 CR3: 1ca39000 CR4: 000406d0
>>> [ 19.803782][ T1] Call Trace:
>>> [ 19.803782][ T1] __check_object_size+0xaf/0x3c0
>>> [ 19.803782][ T1] ? __might_sleep+0x80/0xa0
>>> [ 19.803782][ T1] copy_strings+0x1c2/0x370
>
> Oh, this is actually copying into a kmap() pointer due to the weird
> stuff exec() does:
>
> kaddr = kmap(kmapped_page);
> ...
> if (copy_from_user(kaddr+offset, str, bytes_to_copy)) {
>
>>> [ 19.803782][ T1] copy_strings_kernel+0x2b/0x40
>>>
>>> Full boot log or kernel .config file are available if wanted.
>
> Is kmap somewhere "unexpected" in this case? Ah-ha, yes, it seems it is.
> There is even a helper to do the "right" thing as virt_to_page(). This
> seems to be used very rarely in the kernel... is there a page type for
> kmap pages? This seems like a hack, but it fixes it:
>

Tested-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>

Thanks.

>
> diff --git a/mm/usercopy.c b/mm/usercopy.c
> index 98e924864554..5a14b80ad63e 100644
> --- a/mm/usercopy.c
> +++ b/mm/usercopy.c
> @@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
> #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt
>
> #include <linux/mm.h>
> +#include <linux/highmem.h>
> #include <linux/slab.h>
> #include <linux/sched.h>
> #include <linux/sched/task.h>
> @@ -227,7 +228,7 @@ static inline void check_heap_object(const void *ptr, unsigned long n,
> if (!virt_addr_valid(ptr))
> return;
>
> - page = virt_to_head_page(ptr);
> + page = compound_head(kmap_to_page((void *)ptr));
>
> if (PageSlab(page)) {
> /* Check slab allocator for flags and size. */
>
>
> What's the right way to "ignore" the kmap range? (i.e. it's not Slab, so
> ignore it here: I can't find a page type nor a "is this kmap?" helper...)
>


--
~Randy

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