lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2019]   [Sep]   [12]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
From
Date
SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC] gpio: Add Virtual Aggregator GPIO Driver
Hi Linus,

On Thu, Sep 12, 2019 at 10:56 AM Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org> wrote:
> On Fri, Jul 5, 2019 at 5:05 PM Geert Uytterhoeven
> <geert+renesas@glider.be> wrote:
> > GPIO controllers are exported to userspace using /dev/gpiochip*
> > character devices. Access control to these devices is provided by
> > standard UNIX file system permissions, on an all-or-nothing basis:
> > either a GPIO controller is accessible for a user, or it is not.
> > Currently no mechanism exists to control access to individual GPIOs.
> >
> > Hence add a virtual GPIO driver to aggregate existing GPIOs (up to 32),
> > and expose them as a new gpiochip. This is useful for implementing
> > access control, and assigning a set of GPIOs to a specific user.
> > Furthermore, it would simplify and harden exporting GPIOs to a virtual
> > machine, as the VM can just grab the full virtual GPIO controller, and
> > no longer needs to care about which GPIOs to grab and which not,
> > reducing the attack surface.
> >
> > Virtual GPIO controllers are instantiated by writing to the "new_device"
> > attribute file in sysfs:
> >
> > $ echo "<gpiochipA> <gpioA1> [<gpioA2> ...]"
> > "[, <gpiochipB> <gpioB1> [<gpioB2> ...]] ...]"
> > > /sys/bus/platform/drivers/gpio-virt-agg/new_device
> >
> > Likewise, virtual GPIO controllers can be destroyed after use:
> >
> > $ echo gpio-virt-agg.<N> \
> > > /sys/bus/platform/drivers/gpio-virt-agg/delete_device
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert+renesas@glider.be>
> > ---
> > Aggregating GPIOs and exposing them as a new gpiochip was suggested in
> > response to my proof-of-concept for GPIO virtualization with QEMU[1][2].
> >
> > Sample session on r8a7791/koelsch:
> >
> > - Disable the leds node in arch/arm/boot/dts/r8a7791-koelsch.dts
> >
> > - Create virtual aggregators:
> >
> > $ echo "e6052000.gpio 19 20" \
> > > /sys/bus/platform/drivers/gpio-virt-agg/new_device
> >
> > gpio-virt-agg gpio-virt-agg.0: GPIO 0 => e6052000.gpio/19
> > gpio-virt-agg gpio-virt-agg.0: GPIO 1 => e6052000.gpio/20
> > gpiochip_find_base: found new base at 778
> > gpio gpiochip8: (gpio-virt-agg.0): added GPIO chardev (254:8)
> > gpiochip_setup_dev: registered GPIOs 778 to 779 on device: gpiochip8 (gpio-virt-agg.0)
> >
> > $ echo "e6052000.gpio 21, e6050000.gpio 20 21 22" \
> > > /sys/bus/platform/drivers/gpio-virt-agg/new_device
> >
> > gpio-virt-agg gpio-virt-agg.1: GPIO 0 => e6052000.gpio/21
> > gpio-virt-agg gpio-virt-agg.1: GPIO 1 => e6050000.gpio/20
> > gpio-virt-agg gpio-virt-agg.1: GPIO 2 => e6050000.gpio/21
> > gpio-virt-agg gpio-virt-agg.1: GPIO 3 => e6050000.gpio/22
> > gpiochip_find_base: found new base at 774
> > gpio gpiochip9: (gpio-virt-agg.1): added GPIO chardev (254:9)
> > gpiochip_setup_dev: registered GPIOs 774 to 777 on device: gpiochip9 (gpio-virt-agg.1)
> >
> > - Adjust permissions on /dev/gpiochip[89] (optional)
> >
> > - Control LEDs:
> >
> > $ gpioset gpiochip8 0=0 1=1 # LED6 OFF, LED7 ON
> > $ gpioset gpiochip8 0=1 1=0 # LED6 ON, LED7 OFF
> > $ gpioset gpiochip9 0=0 # LED8 OFF
> > $ gpioset gpiochip9 0=1 # LED8 ON
> >
> > - Destroy virtual aggregators:
> >
> > $ echo gpio-virt-agg.0 \
> > > /sys/bus/platform/drivers/gpio-virt-agg/delete_device
> > $ echo gpio-virt-agg.1 \
> > > /sys/bus/platform/drivers/gpio-virt-agg/delete_device
> >
> > Thanks for your comments!
> >
> > References:
> > - [1] "[PATCH QEMU POC] Add a GPIO backend"
> > (https://lore.kernel.org/linux-renesas-soc/20181003152521.23144-1-geert+renesas@glider.be/)
> > - [2] "Getting To Blinky: Virt Edition / Making device pass-through
> > work on embedded ARM"
> > (https://fosdem.org/2019/schedule/event/vai_getting_to_blinky/)
>
> I'm looping in my friends at Google for this discussion.
>
> They need a virtualized gpio_chip for their Android emulator,
> and their current approach for other devices has been around
> using virtio in most cases and an emulated AC97 for the
> audio case as far as I remember.
>
> It would be great to have their input on this so we can create a
> virtualization/aggregate that works for all.
>
> Please include adelva@google.com on future postings of this!

I've sent v2 yesterday:
https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190911143858.13024-1-geert+renesas@glider.be/

Gr{oetje,eeting}s,

Geert

--
Geert Uytterhoeven -- There's lots of Linux beyond ia32 -- geert@linux-m68k.org

In personal conversations with technical people, I call myself a hacker. But
when I'm talking to journalists I just say "programmer" or something like that.
-- Linus Torvalds

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2019-09-12 11:01    [W:0.052 / U:4.160 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site