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Subject[tip: x86/asm] x86/umip: Add emulation (spoofing) for UMIP covered instructions in 64-bit processes as well
The following commit has been merged into the x86/asm branch of tip:

Commit-ID: e86c2c8b9380440bbe761b8e2f63ab6b04a45ac2
Gitweb: https://git.kernel.org/tip/e86c2c8b9380440bbe761b8e2f63ab6b04a45ac2
Author: Brendan Shanks <bshanks@codeweavers.com>
AuthorDate: Thu, 05 Sep 2019 16:22:21 -07:00
Committer: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
CommitterDate: Tue, 10 Sep 2019 08:36:16 +02:00

x86/umip: Add emulation (spoofing) for UMIP covered instructions in 64-bit processes as well

Add emulation (spoofing) of the SGDT, SIDT, and SMSW instructions for 64-bit
processes.

Wine users have encountered a number of 64-bit Windows games that use
these instructions (particularly SGDT), and were crashing when run on
UMIP-enabled systems.

Originally-by: Ricardo Neri <ricardo.neri-calderon@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Brendan Shanks <bshanks@codeweavers.com>
Reviewed-by: Ricardo Neri <ricardo.neri-calderon@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: H. Peter Anvin (Intel) <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190905232222.14900-1-bshanks@codeweavers.com
[ Minor edits: capitalization, added 'spoofing' wording. ]
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
---
arch/x86/kernel/umip.c | 65 +++++++++++++++++++++++------------------
1 file changed, 38 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/umip.c b/arch/x86/kernel/umip.c
index 5b345ad..548fefe 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/umip.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/umip.c
@@ -19,7 +19,7 @@
/** DOC: Emulation for User-Mode Instruction Prevention (UMIP)
*
* The feature User-Mode Instruction Prevention present in recent Intel
- * processor prevents a group of instructions (sgdt, sidt, sldt, smsw, and str)
+ * processor prevents a group of instructions (SGDT, SIDT, SLDT, SMSW and STR)
* from being executed with CPL > 0. Otherwise, a general protection fault is
* issued.
*
@@ -36,8 +36,8 @@
* DOSEMU2) rely on this subset of instructions to function.
*
* The instructions protected by UMIP can be split in two groups. Those which
- * return a kernel memory address (sgdt and sidt) and those which return a
- * value (sldt, str and smsw).
+ * return a kernel memory address (SGDT and SIDT) and those which return a
+ * value (SLDT, STR and SMSW).
*
* For the instructions that return a kernel memory address, applications
* such as WineHQ rely on the result being located in the kernel memory space,
@@ -45,15 +45,13 @@
* value that, lies close to the top of the kernel memory. The limit for the GDT
* and the IDT are set to zero.
*
- * Given that sldt and str are not commonly used in programs that run on WineHQ
+ * Given that SLDT and STR are not commonly used in programs that run on WineHQ
* or DOSEMU2, they are not emulated.
*
* The instruction smsw is emulated to return the value that the register CR0
* has at boot time as set in the head_32.
*
- * Also, emulation is provided only for 32-bit processes; 64-bit processes
- * that attempt to use the instructions that UMIP protects will receive the
- * SIGSEGV signal issued as a consequence of the general protection fault.
+ * Emulation is provided for both 32-bit and 64-bit processes.
*
* Care is taken to appropriately emulate the results when segmentation is
* used. That is, rather than relying on USER_DS and USER_CS, the function
@@ -63,17 +61,18 @@
* application uses a local descriptor table.
*/

-#define UMIP_DUMMY_GDT_BASE 0xfffe0000
-#define UMIP_DUMMY_IDT_BASE 0xffff0000
+#define UMIP_DUMMY_GDT_BASE 0xfffffffffffe0000ULL
+#define UMIP_DUMMY_IDT_BASE 0xffffffffffff0000ULL

/*
* The SGDT and SIDT instructions store the contents of the global descriptor
* table and interrupt table registers, respectively. The destination is a
* memory operand of X+2 bytes. X bytes are used to store the base address of
- * the table and 2 bytes are used to store the limit. In 32-bit processes, the
- * only processes for which emulation is provided, X has a value of 4.
+ * the table and 2 bytes are used to store the limit. In 32-bit processes X
+ * has a value of 4, in 64-bit processes X has a value of 8.
*/
-#define UMIP_GDT_IDT_BASE_SIZE 4
+#define UMIP_GDT_IDT_BASE_SIZE_64BIT 8
+#define UMIP_GDT_IDT_BASE_SIZE_32BIT 4
#define UMIP_GDT_IDT_LIMIT_SIZE 2

#define UMIP_INST_SGDT 0 /* 0F 01 /0 */
@@ -189,6 +188,7 @@ static int identify_insn(struct insn *insn)
* @umip_inst: A constant indicating the instruction to emulate
* @data: Buffer into which the dummy result is stored
* @data_size: Size of the emulated result
+ * @x86_64: true if process is 64-bit, false otherwise
*
* Emulate an instruction protected by UMIP and provide a dummy result. The
* result of the emulation is saved in @data. The size of the results depends
@@ -202,11 +202,8 @@ static int identify_insn(struct insn *insn)
* 0 on success, -EINVAL on error while emulating.
*/
static int emulate_umip_insn(struct insn *insn, int umip_inst,
- unsigned char *data, int *data_size)
+ unsigned char *data, int *data_size, bool x86_64)
{
- unsigned long dummy_base_addr, dummy_value;
- unsigned short dummy_limit = 0;
-
if (!data || !data_size || !insn)
return -EINVAL;
/*
@@ -219,6 +216,9 @@ static int emulate_umip_insn(struct insn *insn, int umip_inst,
* is always returned irrespective of the operand size.
*/
if (umip_inst == UMIP_INST_SGDT || umip_inst == UMIP_INST_SIDT) {
+ u64 dummy_base_addr;
+ u16 dummy_limit = 0;
+
/* SGDT and SIDT do not use registers operands. */
if (X86_MODRM_MOD(insn->modrm.value) == 3)
return -EINVAL;
@@ -228,13 +228,24 @@ static int emulate_umip_insn(struct insn *insn, int umip_inst,
else
dummy_base_addr = UMIP_DUMMY_IDT_BASE;

- *data_size = UMIP_GDT_IDT_LIMIT_SIZE + UMIP_GDT_IDT_BASE_SIZE;
+ /*
+ * 64-bit processes use the entire dummy base address.
+ * 32-bit processes use the lower 32 bits of the base address.
+ * dummy_base_addr is always 64 bits, but we memcpy the correct
+ * number of bytes from it to the destination.
+ */
+ if (x86_64)
+ *data_size = UMIP_GDT_IDT_BASE_SIZE_64BIT;
+ else
+ *data_size = UMIP_GDT_IDT_BASE_SIZE_32BIT;
+
+ memcpy(data + 2, &dummy_base_addr, *data_size);

- memcpy(data + 2, &dummy_base_addr, UMIP_GDT_IDT_BASE_SIZE);
+ *data_size += UMIP_GDT_IDT_LIMIT_SIZE;
memcpy(data, &dummy_limit, UMIP_GDT_IDT_LIMIT_SIZE);

} else if (umip_inst == UMIP_INST_SMSW) {
- dummy_value = CR0_STATE;
+ unsigned long dummy_value = CR0_STATE;

/*
* Even though the CR0 register has 4 bytes, the number
@@ -290,11 +301,10 @@ static void force_sig_info_umip_fault(void __user *addr, struct pt_regs *regs)
* fixup_umip_exception() - Fixup a general protection fault caused by UMIP
* @regs: Registers as saved when entering the #GP handler
*
- * The instructions sgdt, sidt, str, smsw, sldt cause a general protection
- * fault if executed with CPL > 0 (i.e., from user space). If the offending
- * user-space process is not in long mode, this function fixes the exception
- * up and provides dummy results for sgdt, sidt and smsw; str and sldt are not
- * fixed up. Also long mode user-space processes are not fixed up.
+ * The instructions SGDT, SIDT, STR, SMSW and SLDT cause a general protection
+ * fault if executed with CPL > 0 (i.e., from user space). This function fixes
+ * the exception up and provides dummy results for SGDT, SIDT and SMSW; STR
+ * and SLDT are not fixed up.
*
* If operands are memory addresses, results are copied to user-space memory as
* indicated by the instruction pointed by eIP using the registers indicated in
@@ -373,13 +383,14 @@ bool fixup_umip_exception(struct pt_regs *regs)
umip_pr_warning(regs, "%s instruction cannot be used by applications.\n",
umip_insns[umip_inst]);

- /* Do not emulate SLDT, STR or user long mode processes. */
- if (umip_inst == UMIP_INST_STR || umip_inst == UMIP_INST_SLDT || user_64bit_mode(regs))
+ /* Do not emulate (spoof) SLDT or STR. */
+ if (umip_inst == UMIP_INST_STR || umip_inst == UMIP_INST_SLDT)
return false;

umip_pr_warning(regs, "For now, expensive software emulation returns the result.\n");

- if (emulate_umip_insn(&insn, umip_inst, dummy_data, &dummy_data_size))
+ if (emulate_umip_insn(&insn, umip_inst, dummy_data, &dummy_data_size,
+ user_64bit_mode(regs)))
return false;

/*
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