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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 2/2] linux/bits.h: Add compile time sanity check of GENMASK inputs
On 8/7/19 7:55 AM, Masahiro Yamada wrote:
> On Wed, Aug 7, 2019 at 11:27 PM Guenter Roeck <> wrote:
>> On Fri, Aug 02, 2019 at 01:03:58AM +0200, Rikard Falkeborn wrote:
>>> GENMASK() and GENMASK_ULL() are supposed to be called with the high bit
>>> as the first argument and the low bit as the second argument. Mixing
>>> them will return a mask with zero bits set.
>>> Recent commits show getting this wrong is not uncommon, see e.g.
>>> commit aa4c0c9091b0 ("net: stmmac: Fix misuses of GENMASK macro") and
>>> commit 9bdd7bb3a844 ("clocksource/drivers/npcm: Fix misuse of GENMASK
>>> macro").
>>> To prevent such mistakes from appearing again, add compile time sanity
>>> checking to the arguments of GENMASK() and GENMASK_ULL(). If both the
>>> arguments are known at compile time, and the low bit is higher than the
>>> high bit, break the build to detect the mistake immediately.
>>> Since GENMASK() is used in declarations, BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO() must be
>>> used instead of BUILD_BUG_ON(), and __is_constexpr() must be used instead
>>> of __builtin_constant_p().
>>> If successful, BUILD_BUG_OR_ZERO() returns 0 of type size_t. To avoid
>>> problems with implicit conversions, cast the result of BUILD_BUG_OR_ZERO
>>> to unsigned long.
>>> Since both BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO() and __is_constexpr() only uses sizeof()
>>> on the arguments passed to them, neither of them evaluate the expression
>>> unless it is a VLA. Therefore, GENMASK(1, x++) still behaves as
>>> expected.
>>> Commit 95b980d62d52 ("linux/bits.h: make BIT(), GENMASK(), and friends
>>> available in assembly") made the macros in linux/bits.h available in
>>> assembly. Since neither BUILD_BUG_OR_ZERO() or __is_constexpr() are asm
>>> compatible, disable the checks if the file is included in an asm file.
>> Who is going to fix the fallout ? For example, arm64:defconfig no longer
>> compiles with this patch applied.
>> It seems to me that the benefit of catching misuses of GENMASK is much
>> less than the fallout from no longer compiling kernels, since those
>> kernels won't get any test coverage at all anymore.
> We cannot apply this until we fix all errors.
> I do not understand why Andrew picked up this so soon.

The same was done with the fallthrough warning in mainline, which still results
in all "sh" builds failing there (and in -next, obviously). I don't understand
the logic either, but maybe it is the new normal.


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