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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/3] kbuild, arc: add CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE_O3 for ARC
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On 8/20/19 10:09 AM, Masahiro Yamada wrote:
> arch/arc/Makefile overrides -O2 with -O3. This is the only user of
> ARCH_CFLAGS. There is no user of ARCH_CPPFLAGS or ARCH_AFLAGS.
> My plan is to remove ARCH_{CPP,A,C}FLAGS after refactoring the ARC
> Makefile.

Why, it seems like a good generic facility for arches to over-ride stuff
(specially adding any toggles at the end of cmdline).

And even if there are no current users, it would be good to have. I understand we
don't keep code for future, but strictly this is meta-code ;-)

> Currently, ARC has no way to enable -Wmaybe-uninitialized because both
> -O3 and -Os disable it. Enabling it will be useful for compile-testing.
> This commit allows allmodconfig (, which defaults to -O2) to enable it.

But this is a separate issue and was done on purpose because of unbearable build
spew at the time. As an experiment I enabled it in current kernel and at -O3 we
still get the dreaded spew in net/sunrpc/xdr.c and some more in net/ipv4. The spew
doesn't happen at -O2 and seems not ARC specific as I can see this with ARM -O3
build with gcc 7.3 (buildroot 2018.08)

| $ make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux- net
| ......
| ......
| ../net/sunrpc/xdr.c: In function ‘xdr_encode_word’:
| ../net/sunrpc/xdr.c:1199:2: warning: ‘subbuf.tail[0].iov_base’ may be used
| uninitialized in this function [-Wmaybe-uninitialized]
| memcpy(subbuf->tail[0].iov_base, obj, this_len);
| ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
| ../net/sunrpc/xdr.c:1205:17: note: ‘subbuf.tail[0].iov_base’ was declared here
| struct xdr_buf subbuf;


I understand the value of this toggle, but the spew is too much and at times
obfuscated likely other real issues.
> Add CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE_O3=y to all the defconfig files
> in arch/arc/configs/ in order to keep the current config settings.

My first reaction to adding this to all defconfigs was that this was inelegant :
for lack of better word :-)

But indeed it seems better this way as we can now experiment with -O2 vs. -O3 from
config, rather than hardwiring to -O3.

So if you could please split out the Wmaybe-uninitialized change

Acked-by: Vineet Gupta <vgupta@synopsys.com>

> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
> ---
>
> Makefile | 10 ++++++----
> arch/arc/Makefile | 8 --------
> arch/arc/configs/axs101_defconfig | 1 +
> arch/arc/configs/axs103_defconfig | 1 +
> arch/arc/configs/axs103_smp_defconfig | 1 +
> arch/arc/configs/haps_hs_defconfig | 1 +
> arch/arc/configs/haps_hs_smp_defconfig | 1 +
> arch/arc/configs/hsdk_defconfig | 1 +
> arch/arc/configs/nps_defconfig | 1 +
> arch/arc/configs/nsim_700_defconfig | 1 +
> arch/arc/configs/nsim_hs_defconfig | 1 +
> arch/arc/configs/nsim_hs_smp_defconfig | 1 +
> arch/arc/configs/nsimosci_defconfig | 1 +
> arch/arc/configs/nsimosci_hs_defconfig | 1 +
> arch/arc/configs/nsimosci_hs_smp_defconfig | 1 +
> arch/arc/configs/tb10x_defconfig | 1 +
> arch/arc/configs/vdk_hs38_defconfig | 1 +
> arch/arc/configs/vdk_hs38_smp_defconfig | 1 +
> init/Kconfig | 12 ++++++++++--
> 19 files changed, 32 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
> index bc55f366677d..891e47da503f 100644
> --- a/Makefile
> +++ b/Makefile
> @@ -716,10 +716,12 @@ KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-disable-warning, format-truncation)
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-disable-warning, format-overflow)
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-disable-warning, address-of-packed-member)
>
> -ifdef CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_SIZE
> -KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Os
> -else
> -KBUILD_CFLAGS += -O2
> +ifdef CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -O2
> +else ifdef CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE_O3
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -O3
> +else ifdef CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_SIZE
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Os
> endif
>
> ifdef CONFIG_CC_DISABLE_WARN_MAYBE_UNINITIALIZED
> diff --git a/arch/arc/Makefile b/arch/arc/Makefile
> index ee6d1184c2b1..f1c44cccf8d6 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/arc/Makefile
> @@ -48,14 +48,6 @@ endif
> cfi := $(call as-instr,.cfi_startproc\n.cfi_endproc,-DARC_DW2_UNWIND_AS_CFI)
> cflags-$(CONFIG_ARC_DW2_UNWIND) += -fasynchronous-unwind-tables $(cfi)
>
> -ifndef CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_SIZE
> -# Generic build system uses -O2, we want -O3
> -# Note: No need to add to cflags-y as that happens anyways
> -#
> -# Disable the false maybe-uninitialized warings gcc spits out at -O3
> -ARCH_CFLAGS += -O3 $(call cc-disable-warning,maybe-uninitialized,)
> -endif
> -
> # small data is default for elf32 tool-chain. If not usable, disable it
> # This also allows repurposing GP as scratch reg to gcc reg allocator
> disable_small_data := y
> diff --git a/arch/arc/configs/axs101_defconfig b/arch/arc/configs/axs101_defconfig
> index e31a8ebc3ecc..0016149f9583 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/configs/axs101_defconfig
> +++ b/arch/arc/configs/axs101_defconfig
> @@ -9,6 +9,7 @@ CONFIG_NAMESPACES=y
> # CONFIG_UTS_NS is not set
> # CONFIG_PID_NS is not set
> CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD=y
> +CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE_O3=y
> CONFIG_EMBEDDED=y
> CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS=y
> # CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS is not set
> diff --git a/arch/arc/configs/axs103_defconfig b/arch/arc/configs/axs103_defconfig
> index e0e8567f0d75..5b031582a1cf 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/configs/axs103_defconfig
> +++ b/arch/arc/configs/axs103_defconfig
> @@ -9,6 +9,7 @@ CONFIG_NAMESPACES=y
> # CONFIG_UTS_NS is not set
> # CONFIG_PID_NS is not set
> CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD=y
> +CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE_O3=y
> CONFIG_EMBEDDED=y
> CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS=y
> # CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS is not set
> diff --git a/arch/arc/configs/axs103_smp_defconfig b/arch/arc/configs/axs103_smp_defconfig
> index fcbc952bc75b..d4eec39e0112 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/configs/axs103_smp_defconfig
> +++ b/arch/arc/configs/axs103_smp_defconfig
> @@ -9,6 +9,7 @@ CONFIG_NAMESPACES=y
> # CONFIG_UTS_NS is not set
> # CONFIG_PID_NS is not set
> CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD=y
> +CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE_O3=y
> CONFIG_EMBEDDED=y
> CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS=y
> # CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS is not set
> diff --git a/arch/arc/configs/haps_hs_defconfig b/arch/arc/configs/haps_hs_defconfig
> index 436f2135bdc1..47ff8a97e42d 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/configs/haps_hs_defconfig
> +++ b/arch/arc/configs/haps_hs_defconfig
> @@ -10,6 +10,7 @@ CONFIG_NAMESPACES=y
> # CONFIG_UTS_NS is not set
> # CONFIG_PID_NS is not set
> CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD=y
> +CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE_O3=y
> CONFIG_EXPERT=y
> CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS=y
> # CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK is not set
> diff --git a/arch/arc/configs/haps_hs_smp_defconfig b/arch/arc/configs/haps_hs_smp_defconfig
> index 33a787c375e2..9685fd5f57a4 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/configs/haps_hs_smp_defconfig
> +++ b/arch/arc/configs/haps_hs_smp_defconfig
> @@ -10,6 +10,7 @@ CONFIG_NAMESPACES=y
> # CONFIG_UTS_NS is not set
> # CONFIG_PID_NS is not set
> CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD=y
> +CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE_O3=y
> CONFIG_EMBEDDED=y
> CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS=y
> # CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS is not set
> diff --git a/arch/arc/configs/hsdk_defconfig b/arch/arc/configs/hsdk_defconfig
> index 403125d9c9a3..9b9a74444ce2 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/configs/hsdk_defconfig
> +++ b/arch/arc/configs/hsdk_defconfig
> @@ -9,6 +9,7 @@ CONFIG_NAMESPACES=y
> # CONFIG_PID_NS is not set
> CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD=y
> CONFIG_BLK_DEV_RAM=y
> +CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE_O3=y
> CONFIG_EMBEDDED=y
> CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS=y
> # CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS is not set
> diff --git a/arch/arc/configs/nps_defconfig b/arch/arc/configs/nps_defconfig
> index f0a077c00efa..5978d4d7d5b0 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/configs/nps_defconfig
> +++ b/arch/arc/configs/nps_defconfig
> @@ -6,6 +6,7 @@ CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS=y
> CONFIG_IKCONFIG=y
> CONFIG_IKCONFIG_PROC=y
> CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD=y
> +CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE_O3=y
> CONFIG_SYSCTL_SYSCALL=y
> # CONFIG_EPOLL is not set
> # CONFIG_SIGNALFD is not set
> diff --git a/arch/arc/configs/nsim_700_defconfig b/arch/arc/configs/nsim_700_defconfig
> index de398c7b10b3..2b9b11474640 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/configs/nsim_700_defconfig
> +++ b/arch/arc/configs/nsim_700_defconfig
> @@ -10,6 +10,7 @@ CONFIG_NAMESPACES=y
> # CONFIG_UTS_NS is not set
> # CONFIG_PID_NS is not set
> CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD=y
> +CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE_O3=y
> CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALL=y
> CONFIG_EMBEDDED=y
> CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS=y
> diff --git a/arch/arc/configs/nsim_hs_defconfig b/arch/arc/configs/nsim_hs_defconfig
> index 2dbd34a9ff07..bab3dd255841 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/configs/nsim_hs_defconfig
> +++ b/arch/arc/configs/nsim_hs_defconfig
> @@ -10,6 +10,7 @@ CONFIG_NAMESPACES=y
> # CONFIG_UTS_NS is not set
> # CONFIG_PID_NS is not set
> CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD=y
> +CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE_O3=y
> CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALL=y
> CONFIG_EMBEDDED=y
> CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS=y
> diff --git a/arch/arc/configs/nsim_hs_smp_defconfig b/arch/arc/configs/nsim_hs_smp_defconfig
> index c7135f1e2583..90d2d50fb8dc 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/configs/nsim_hs_smp_defconfig
> +++ b/arch/arc/configs/nsim_hs_smp_defconfig
> @@ -8,6 +8,7 @@ CONFIG_NAMESPACES=y
> # CONFIG_UTS_NS is not set
> # CONFIG_PID_NS is not set
> CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD=y
> +CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE_O3=y
> CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALL=y
> CONFIG_EMBEDDED=y
> CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS=y
> diff --git a/arch/arc/configs/nsimosci_defconfig b/arch/arc/configs/nsimosci_defconfig
> index 385a71d3c478..5dd470b6609e 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/configs/nsimosci_defconfig
> +++ b/arch/arc/configs/nsimosci_defconfig
> @@ -10,6 +10,7 @@ CONFIG_NAMESPACES=y
> # CONFIG_UTS_NS is not set
> # CONFIG_PID_NS is not set
> CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD=y
> +CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE_O3=y
> CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALL=y
> CONFIG_EMBEDDED=y
> CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS=y
> diff --git a/arch/arc/configs/nsimosci_hs_defconfig b/arch/arc/configs/nsimosci_hs_defconfig
> index 248a2c3bdc12..3532e86f7bff 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/configs/nsimosci_hs_defconfig
> +++ b/arch/arc/configs/nsimosci_hs_defconfig
> @@ -10,6 +10,7 @@ CONFIG_NAMESPACES=y
> # CONFIG_UTS_NS is not set
> # CONFIG_PID_NS is not set
> CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD=y
> +CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE_O3=y
> CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALL=y
> CONFIG_EMBEDDED=y
> CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS=y
> diff --git a/arch/arc/configs/nsimosci_hs_smp_defconfig b/arch/arc/configs/nsimosci_hs_smp_defconfig
> index 1a4bc7b660fb..d90448bee064 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/configs/nsimosci_hs_smp_defconfig
> +++ b/arch/arc/configs/nsimosci_hs_smp_defconfig
> @@ -8,6 +8,7 @@ CONFIG_IKCONFIG_PROC=y
> # CONFIG_UTS_NS is not set
> # CONFIG_PID_NS is not set
> CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD=y
> +CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE_O3=y
> CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS=y
> # CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK is not set
> CONFIG_KPROBES=y
> diff --git a/arch/arc/configs/tb10x_defconfig b/arch/arc/configs/tb10x_defconfig
> index dc739bd093e3..3a138f8c7299 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/configs/tb10x_defconfig
> +++ b/arch/arc/configs/tb10x_defconfig
> @@ -14,6 +14,7 @@ CONFIG_INITRAMFS_SOURCE="../tb10x-rootfs.cpio"
> CONFIG_INITRAMFS_ROOT_UID=2100
> CONFIG_INITRAMFS_ROOT_GID=501
> # CONFIG_RD_GZIP is not set
> +CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE_O3=y
> CONFIG_SYSCTL_SYSCALL=y
> CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALL=y
> # CONFIG_AIO is not set
> diff --git a/arch/arc/configs/vdk_hs38_defconfig b/arch/arc/configs/vdk_hs38_defconfig
> index 0c3b21416819..d7c858df520c 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/configs/vdk_hs38_defconfig
> +++ b/arch/arc/configs/vdk_hs38_defconfig
> @@ -4,6 +4,7 @@ CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS=y
> CONFIG_IKCONFIG=y
> CONFIG_IKCONFIG_PROC=y
> CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD=y
> +CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE_O3=y
> CONFIG_EMBEDDED=y
> CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS=y
> # CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS is not set
> diff --git a/arch/arc/configs/vdk_hs38_smp_defconfig b/arch/arc/configs/vdk_hs38_smp_defconfig
> index f9ad9d3ee702..015c1d43889e 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/configs/vdk_hs38_smp_defconfig
> +++ b/arch/arc/configs/vdk_hs38_smp_defconfig
> @@ -4,6 +4,7 @@ CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS=y
> CONFIG_IKCONFIG=y
> CONFIG_IKCONFIG_PROC=y
> CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD=y
> +CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE_O3=y
> CONFIG_EMBEDDED=y
> CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS=y
> # CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS is not set
> diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
> index 149efd82447f..92118505dd33 100644
> --- a/init/Kconfig
> +++ b/init/Kconfig
> @@ -1209,14 +1209,22 @@ choice
> default CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE
>
> config CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE
> - bool "Optimize for performance"
> + bool "Optimize for performance (-O2)"
> help
> This is the default optimization level for the kernel, building
> with the "-O2" compiler flag for best performance and most
> helpful compile-time warnings.
>
> +config CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE_O3
> + bool "Optimize more for performance (-O3)"
> + depends on ARC
> + imply CC_DISABLE_WARN_MAYBE_UNINITIALIZED # avoid false positives
> + help
> + Choosing this option will pass "-O3" to your compiler to optimize
> + the kernel yet more for performance.
> +
> config CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_SIZE
> - bool "Optimize for size"
> + bool "Optimize for size (-Os)"
> imply CC_DISABLE_WARN_MAYBE_UNINITIALIZED # avoid false positives
> help
> Choosing this option will pass "-Os" to your compiler resulting
>

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