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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] kbuild: refactor scripts/Makefile.extrawarn
On Thu, Aug 29, 2019 at 8:13 PM Masahiro Yamada
<yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> wrote:
>
> Instead of the warning-[123] magic, let's accumulate compiler options
> to KBUILD_CFLAGS directly as the top Makefile does. I think this makes
> easier to understand what is going on in this file.
>
> This commit slightly changes the behavior, I think all of which are OK.
>
> [1] Currently, cc-option calls are needlessly evaluated. For example,
> warning-3 += $(call cc-option, -Wpacked-bitfield-compat)
> needs evaluating only when W=3, but it is actually evaluated for
> W=1, W=2 as well. With this commit, only relevant cc-option calls
> will be evaluated. This is a slight optimization.
>
> [2] Currently, unsupported level like W=4 is checked by:
> $(error W=$(KBUILD_ENABLE_EXTRA_GCC_CHECKS) is unknown)
> This will no longer be checked, but I do not think it is a big
> deal.
>
> [3] Currently, 4 Clang warnings (Winitializer-overrides, Wformat,
> Wsign-compare, Wformat-zero-length) are shown by any of W=1, W=2,
> and W=3. With this commit, they will be warned only by W=1. I
> think this is a more correct behavior since each warning belongs
> to only one group.
>
> For understanding this commit correctly:
>
> We have 3 warning groups, W=1, W=2, and W=3. You may think W=3 has a
> higher level than W=1, but they are actually independent. If you like,
> you can combine them like W=13. To enable all the warnings, you can
> pass W=123. This is shown by 'make help', but it is often missed
> unfortunately. Since we support W= combination, there should not exist
> intersection among the three groups. If we enable Winitializer-overrides
> for W=1, we do not need to for W=2 or W=3. This is why I believe the
> change [3] makes sense.
>
> The documentation says -Winitializer-overrides is enabled by default.
> (https://clang.llvm.org/docs/DiagnosticsReference.html#winitializer-overrides)
> We negate it by passing -Wno-initializer-overrides for the normal
> build, but we do not do that for W=1. This means, W=1 effectively
> enables -Winitializer-overrides by the clang's default. The same for
> the other three. I wonder if this logic needs detailed commenting,
> but I do not want to be bothered any more. I added comments.
>
> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
> Reviewed-by: Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@gmail.com>

Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com> (on top of kbuild-next
as of 2019-08-30).

- Sedat -

> ---
>
> Changes in v2:
> - Added comments and more commit log
>
> scripts/Makefile.extrawarn | 105 +++++++++++++++++++------------------
> 1 file changed, 54 insertions(+), 51 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.extrawarn b/scripts/Makefile.extrawarn
> index a74ce2e3c33e..3680445823b7 100644
> --- a/scripts/Makefile.extrawarn
> +++ b/scripts/Makefile.extrawarn
> @@ -1,14 +1,6 @@
> # SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> # ==========================================================================
> -#
> # make W=... settings
> -#
> -# W=1 - warnings that may be relevant and does not occur too often
> -# W=2 - warnings that occur quite often but may still be relevant
> -# W=3 - the more obscure warnings, can most likely be ignored
> -#
> -# $(call cc-option, -W...) handles gcc -W.. options which
> -# are not supported by all versions of the compiler
> # ==========================================================================
>
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-disable-warning, packed-not-aligned)
> @@ -17,58 +9,69 @@ ifeq ("$(origin W)", "command line")
> export KBUILD_ENABLE_EXTRA_GCC_CHECKS := $(W)
> endif
>
> -ifdef KBUILD_ENABLE_EXTRA_GCC_CHECKS
> -warning- := $(empty)
> +#
> +# W=1 - warnings that may be relevant and does not occur too often
> +#
> +ifneq ($(findstring 1, $(KBUILD_ENABLE_EXTRA_GCC_CHECKS)),)
>
> -warning-1 := -Wextra -Wunused -Wno-unused-parameter
> -warning-1 += -Wmissing-declarations
> -warning-1 += -Wmissing-format-attribute
> -warning-1 += -Wmissing-prototypes
> -warning-1 += -Wold-style-definition
> -warning-1 += -Wmissing-include-dirs
> -warning-1 += $(call cc-option, -Wunused-but-set-variable)
> -warning-1 += $(call cc-option, -Wunused-const-variable)
> -warning-1 += $(call cc-option, -Wpacked-not-aligned)
> -warning-1 += $(call cc-option, -Wstringop-truncation)
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wextra -Wunused -Wno-unused-parameter
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wmissing-declarations
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wmissing-format-attribute
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wmissing-prototypes
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wold-style-definition
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wmissing-include-dirs
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -Wunused-but-set-variable)
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -Wunused-const-variable)
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -Wpacked-not-aligned)
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -Wstringop-truncation)
> # The following turn off the warnings enabled by -Wextra
> -warning-1 += -Wno-missing-field-initializers
> -warning-1 += -Wno-sign-compare
> -
> -warning-2 += -Wcast-align
> -warning-2 += -Wdisabled-optimization
> -warning-2 += -Wnested-externs
> -warning-2 += -Wshadow
> -warning-2 += $(call cc-option, -Wlogical-op)
> -warning-2 += -Wmissing-field-initializers
> -warning-2 += -Wsign-compare
> -warning-2 += $(call cc-option, -Wmaybe-uninitialized)
> -warning-2 += $(call cc-option, -Wunused-macros)
> -
> -warning-3 := -Wbad-function-cast
> -warning-3 += -Wcast-qual
> -warning-3 += -Wconversion
> -warning-3 += -Wpacked
> -warning-3 += -Wpadded
> -warning-3 += -Wpointer-arith
> -warning-3 += -Wredundant-decls
> -warning-3 += -Wswitch-default
> -warning-3 += $(call cc-option, -Wpacked-bitfield-compat)
> -
> -warning := $(warning-$(findstring 1, $(KBUILD_ENABLE_EXTRA_GCC_CHECKS)))
> -warning += $(warning-$(findstring 2, $(KBUILD_ENABLE_EXTRA_GCC_CHECKS)))
> -warning += $(warning-$(findstring 3, $(KBUILD_ENABLE_EXTRA_GCC_CHECKS)))
> -
> -ifeq ("$(strip $(warning))","")
> - $(error W=$(KBUILD_ENABLE_EXTRA_GCC_CHECKS) is unknown)
> -endif
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wno-missing-field-initializers
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wno-sign-compare
>
> -KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(warning)
> else
>
> +# Some diagnostics such as -Winitializer-overrides are enabled by default.
> +# We suppress them by using -Wno... except for W=1.
> +
> ifdef CONFIG_CC_IS_CLANG
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wno-initializer-overrides
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wno-format
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wno-sign-compare
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wno-format-zero-length
> endif
> +
> +endif
> +
> +#
> +# W=2 - warnings that occur quite often but may still be relevant
> +#
> +ifneq ($(findstring 2, $(KBUILD_ENABLE_EXTRA_GCC_CHECKS)),)
> +
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wcast-align
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wdisabled-optimization
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wnested-externs
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wshadow
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -Wlogical-op)
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wmissing-field-initializers
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wsign-compare
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -Wmaybe-uninitialized)
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -Wunused-macros)
> +
> +endif
> +
> +#
> +# W=3 - the more obscure warnings, can most likely be ignored
> +#
> +ifneq ($(findstring 3, $(KBUILD_ENABLE_EXTRA_GCC_CHECKS)),)
> +
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wbad-function-cast
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wcast-qual
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wconversion
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wpacked
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wpadded
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wpointer-arith
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wredundant-decls
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wswitch-default
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -Wpacked-bitfield-compat)
> +
> endif
> --
> 2.17.1
>

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