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SubjectRe: [RESEND PATCH V3 3/8] perf/x86/intel: Support hardware TopDown metrics
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On 8/28/2019 11:19 AM, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
>> +static int icl_set_topdown_event_period(struct perf_event *event)
>> +{
>> + struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
>> + s64 left = local64_read(&hwc->period_left);
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * Clear PERF_METRICS and Fixed counter 3 in initialization.
>> + * After that, both MSRs will be cleared for each read.
>> + * Don't need to clear them again.
>> + */
>> + if (left == x86_pmu.max_period) {
>> + wrmsrl(MSR_CORE_PERF_FIXED_CTR3, 0);
>> + wrmsrl(MSR_PERF_METRICS, 0);
>> + local64_set(&hwc->period_left, 0);
>> + }
> This really doesn't make sense to me; if you set FIXED_CTR3 := 0, you'll
> never trigger the overflow there; this then seems to suggest the actual
> counter value is irrelevant. Therefore you don't actually need this.
>

Could you please elaborate on why initialization to 0 never triggers an
overflow?
As of my understanding, initialization to 0 only means that it will take
more time than initialization to -max_period (0x8000 0000 0001) to
trigger an overflow.

Maybe 0 is too tricky. We can set the initial value to 1.
I think the bottom line is that we need a small initial value for
FIXED_CTR3 here.
PERF_METRICS reports an 8bit integer fraction which is something like
0xff * internal counters / FIXCTR3.
The internal counters only start counting from 0. (SW cannot set an
arbitrary initial value for internal counters.)
If the initial value of FIXED_CTR3 is too big, PERF_METRICS could always
remain constant, e.g. 0.

Thanks,
Kan

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