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SubjectRe: [RESEND PATCH V3 3/8] perf/x86/intel: Support hardware TopDown metrics
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On 8/29/2019 9:52 AM, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> On Thu, Aug 29, 2019 at 09:31:37AM -0400, Liang, Kan wrote:
>> On 8/28/2019 11:19 AM, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
>>>> +static int icl_set_topdown_event_period(struct perf_event *event)
>>>> +{
>>>> + struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
>>>> + s64 left = local64_read(&hwc->period_left);
>>>> +
>>>> + /*
>>>> + * Clear PERF_METRICS and Fixed counter 3 in initialization.
>>>> + * After that, both MSRs will be cleared for each read.
>>>> + * Don't need to clear them again.
>>>> + */
>>>> + if (left == x86_pmu.max_period) {
>>>> + wrmsrl(MSR_CORE_PERF_FIXED_CTR3, 0);
>>>> + wrmsrl(MSR_PERF_METRICS, 0);
>>>> + local64_set(&hwc->period_left, 0);
>>>> + }
>>> This really doesn't make sense to me; if you set FIXED_CTR3 := 0, you'll
>>> never trigger the overflow there; this then seems to suggest the actual
>>> counter value is irrelevant. Therefore you don't actually need this.
>>>
>>
>> Could you please elaborate on why initialization to 0 never triggers an
>> overflow?
>
> Well, 'never' as in a 'long' time.
>
>> As of my understanding, initialization to 0 only means that it will take
>> more time than initialization to -max_period (0x8000 0000 0001) to trigger
>> an overflow.
>
> Only twice as long. And why do we care about that?
>
> The problem with it is though that you get the overflow at the end of
> the whole period, instead of halfway through, so reconstruction is
> trickier.
>
>> Maybe 0 is too tricky. We can set the initial value to 1.
>
> That's even worse. I'm still not understanding why we can't use the
> normal code.
>
>> I think the bottom line is that we need a small initial value for FIXED_CTR3
>> here.
>
> But why?!
>
>> PERF_METRICS reports an 8bit integer fraction which is something like 0xff *
>> internal counters / FIXCTR3.
>> The internal counters only start counting from 0. (SW cannot set an
>> arbitrary initial value for internal counters.)
>> If the initial value of FIXED_CTR3 is too big, PERF_METRICS could always
>> remain constant, e.g. 0.
>
> What what? The PERF_METRICS contents depends on the FIXCTR3 value ?!

Yes.

For current implementation, PERF_METRIC MSR is composed by four fields,
backend bound, frontend bound, bad speculation and retiring.
Each of the fields are populated using the below formula for eg:
PERF_METRIC[RETIRING] = (0xFF *
PERF_METRICS_RETIRING_INTERNAL_48bit_COUNTER)
/ FIXCTR3

The METRICS_OVF indicates the overflow of any internal counters.

The internal counters only start counting from 0, which cannot be
programmed by SW. But resetting the PERF_METRIC would implicitly
resetting the internal counters.

Thanks,
Kan


> That's bloody insane. /me goes find the SDM. The SDM is bloody useless
> :-(.
>
> Please give a complete and coherent description of all of this. I can't
> very well review any of this until I know how the hardware works, now
> can I.
>
> In this write-up, include the exact condition for METRICS_OVF (the SDM
> states: 'it indicates that PERF_METRIC counter has overflowed', which is
> gramatically incorrect and makes no sense even with the missing article
> injected).
>




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