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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 01/10] KVM: arm64: Document PV-time interface
On Tue, Aug 27, 2019 at 10:57:06AM +0200, Christoffer Dall wrote:
> On Wed, Aug 21, 2019 at 04:36:47PM +0100, Steven Price wrote:
> > Introduce a paravirtualization interface for KVM/arm64 based on the
> > "Arm Paravirtualized Time for Arm-Base Systems" specification DEN 0057A.
> >
> > This only adds the details about "Stolen Time" as the details of "Live
> > Physical Time" have not been fully agreed.
> >
> > User space can specify a reserved area of memory for the guest and
> > inform KVM to populate the memory with information on time that the host
> > kernel has stolen from the guest.
> >
> > A hypercall interface is provided for the guest to interrogate the
> > hypervisor's support for this interface and the location of the shared
> > memory structures.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
> > ---
> > Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt | 100 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > 1 file changed, 100 insertions(+)
> > create mode 100644 Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt
> >
> > diff --git a/Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt b/Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..1ceb118694e7
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt
> > @@ -0,0 +1,100 @@
> > +Paravirtualized time support for arm64
> > +======================================
> > +
> > +Arm specification DEN0057/A defined a standard for paravirtualised time
> > +support for AArch64 guests:
> > +
> > +https://developer.arm.com/docs/den0057/a
> > +
> > +KVM/arm64 implements the stolen time part of this specification by providing
> > +some hypervisor service calls to support a paravirtualized guest obtaining a
> > +view of the amount of time stolen from its execution.
> > +
> > +Two new SMCCC compatible hypercalls are defined:
> > +
> > +PV_FEATURES 0xC5000020
> > +PV_TIME_ST 0xC5000022
> > +
> > +These are only available in the SMC64/HVC64 calling convention as
> > +paravirtualized time is not available to 32 bit Arm guests. The existence of
> > +the PV_FEATURES hypercall should be probed using the SMCCC 1.1 ARCH_FEATURES
> > +mechanism before calling it.
> > +
> > +PV_FEATURES
> > + Function ID: (uint32) : 0xC5000020
> > + PV_func_id: (uint32) : Either PV_TIME_LPT or PV_TIME_ST
> > + Return value: (int32) : NOT_SUPPORTED (-1) or SUCCESS (0) if the relevant
> > + PV-time feature is supported by the hypervisor.
> > +
> > +PV_TIME_ST
> > + Function ID: (uint32) : 0xC5000022
> > + Return value: (int64) : IPA of the stolen time data structure for this
> > + (V)CPU. On failure:
> > + NOT_SUPPORTED (-1)
> > +
> > +The IPA returned by PV_TIME_ST should be mapped by the guest as normal memory
> > +with inner and outer write back caching attributes, in the inner shareable
> > +domain. A total of 16 bytes from the IPA returned are guaranteed to be
> > +meaningfully filled by the hypervisor (see structure below).
> > +
> > +PV_TIME_ST returns the structure for the calling VCPU.
> > +
> > +Stolen Time
> > +-----------
> > +
> > +The structure pointed to by the PV_TIME_ST hypercall is as follows:
> > +
> > + Field | Byte Length | Byte Offset | Description
> > + ----------- | ----------- | ----------- | --------------------------
> > + Revision | 4 | 0 | Must be 0 for version 0.1
> > + Attributes | 4 | 4 | Must be 0
> > + Stolen time | 8 | 8 | Stolen time in unsigned
> > + | | | nanoseconds indicating how
> > + | | | much time this VCPU thread
> > + | | | was involuntarily not
> > + | | | running on a physical CPU.
> > +
> > +The structure will be updated by the hypervisor prior to scheduling a VCPU. It
> > +will be present within a reserved region of the normal memory given to the
> > +guest. The guest should not attempt to write into this memory. There is a
> > +structure per VCPU of the guest.
> > +
> > +User space interface
> > +====================
> > +
> > +User space can request that KVM provide the paravirtualized time interface to
> > +a guest by creating a KVM_DEV_TYPE_ARM_PV_TIME device, for example:
> > +
> > + struct kvm_create_device pvtime_device = {
> > + .type = KVM_DEV_TYPE_ARM_PV_TIME,
> > + .attr = 0,
> > + .flags = 0,
> > + };
> > +
> > + pvtime_fd = ioctl(vm_fd, KVM_CREATE_DEVICE, &pvtime_device);
> > +
> > +Creation of the device should be done after creating the vCPUs of the virtual
> > +machine.
> > +
> > +The IPA of the structures must be given to KVM. This is the base address
> > +of an array of stolen time structures (one for each VCPU). The base address
> > +must be page aligned. The size must be at least 64 * number of VCPUs and be a
> > +multiple of PAGE_SIZE.
> > +
> > +The memory for these structures should be added to the guest in the usual
> > +manner (e.g. using KVM_SET_USER_MEMORY_REGION).
> > +
> > +For example:
> > +
> > + struct kvm_dev_arm_st_region region = {
> > + .gpa = <IPA of guest base address>,
> > + .size = <size in bytes>
> > + };
>
> This feel fragile; how are you handling userspace creating VCPUs after
> setting this up, the GPA overlapping guest memory, etc. Is the
> philosophy here that the VMM can mess up the VM if it wants, but that
> this should never lead attacks on the host (we better hope not) and so
> we don't care?
>
> It seems to me setting the IPA per vcpu throught the VCPU device would
> avoid a lot of these issues. See
> Documentation/virt/kvm/devices/vcpu.txt.
>
>
I discussed this with Marc the other day, and we realized that if we
make the configuration of the IPA per-PE, then a VMM can construct a VM
where these data structures are distributed within the IPA space of a
VM, which could lead to a lower TLB pressure for some
configurations/workloads.

Thanks,

Christoffer

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